Infectious Diarrhea CIS - Unrein Flashcards Preview

Year2 GI Exam II > Infectious Diarrhea CIS - Unrein > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infectious Diarrhea CIS - Unrein Deck (41):
1

undercooked food, unpasteurized milk, contaminated water, guiallan barre, developed countries

campylobacter

2

clindamycin use

c dificile

3

drinking water in underdeveloped countries

vibrio cholera

4

contaminated water and food

norovirus

5

bloody diarrhea, mucous in stool, croded areas, fever, children younger than 4

shigella

6

diagnosis of c dif

toxin A and B

PCR highly sensitive

7

tx c dif

metrondiazole
vancomycin
fidaxomicin

last resort - fecal transplant

8

parasite in unpurified water

giardia

9

diagnosis of exclusion

phenolphthalein

10

liver disease, bloody diarrhea, developing countries

entamoeba histolytica

11

long incubation, person to person contact

hep A

12

childhood illness in developing nations and in daycare center outbreaks, immunocompromised

cryptosporidium parvum

13

diagnosis of cryptosporidium

acid fast
serologic assay stool antigen

14

daycare, fever, diarrhea

rotavirus

incubation 2-4 days

Abs - life long immunity

15

high fever, sore thraot, pharyngitis, 1 week incubation

adenovirus

16

older individuals grouped together, incubation 2-4 days

norovirus

no lifelong immunity

17

gram negative comma shaped

vibrio cholera

18

rice water stool

vibrio cholera

19

watery diarrhea, fast onset 2-4 hours, improper stored food, creams

staph aureus

20

unpasteurized milk

campylobacter

most common enteric pathogen in developed countries

21

prolonged diarrhea weeks to months

giardia lamblia

22

bloody diarrhea, crowded areas, fever greater than 101

shigella

23

amoxicillin/clavulanate

antibiotic induced diarrhea

24

HUS, bloody diarrhea, jaundice

EHEC

25

raw oysters, water diarrhea

vibrio parahaemolyticus

incubation 12-72 hours

26

shiga toxin

EHEC

27

malaise, diarrhea, weight loss, hepatosplenomegaly

schistosomiasis

28

bloody diarrhea, high fever, enlarge spleen, maculopapular rash

salmonella typhi

relative bradycardia**

29

salmonella osteomyelitis

sickle cell anemia

30

antibiotics for salmonella

no

31

full blown septicemia

with salmonella

32

white or fried rice, incubation 12-48 hours

bacillus cereus

33

gram negative rod

e coli

34

laxative use

phenolphthalein

35

drugs cause diarrhea

anti-depresants, antibiotics

36

travelers diarrhea

EIEC

37

several week watery foul smelling diarrhea, water in mountain stream

giardia lamblia

38

giardia animal

beaver

39

binucleated, pear shaped, flagella

giardia

40

mimic appendicitis

yersinia enterocolitica

sore throat and reiters syndrome

41

basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in HIV positive patient with diarrhea

CMV