Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 3 MTB > Infectious Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (319)
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1

INTRAVENOUS treatment for MSSA

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- oxacillin
- nafcillin
- cefazolin (1st gen cephalosporin)

2

ORAL treatment for MSSA

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- dicloxacillin
- cephalexin (1st gen cephalosporin)

3

treatment for MINOR MRSA infection

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX)
- clindamycin
- doxycycline

4

treatment for MAJOR MRSA infection

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- vancomycin
- linezolid
- daptomycin
- ceftaroline
- tigecycline
- telavancin

5

adverse effect of linezolid

thrombocytopenia

6

adverse effect of daptomycin

myopathy (elevated CPK)

7

treatment of Staph aureus if penicillin allergy: RASH

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

cephalosporins

8

treatment of Staph aureus if penicillin allergy: ANAPHYLAXIS

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- macrolides (azithromycin, clarithromycin)
- clindamycin

9

treatment of Staph aureus if penicillin allergy: MINOR INFECTION

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- macrolides (azithromycin, clarithromycin)
- clindamycin
- trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX)

10

treatment of Staph aureus if penicillin allergy: MAJOR INFECTION

(bone, heart, skin, joint)

- vancomycin
- linezolid
- daptomycin
- telavancin

11

can you use the same antibiotics for Staph as Streptococcus?

YES

12

antibiotics SPECIFIC for Streptococcus

- penicillin
- ampicillin
- amoxicillin

13

Gram-negative bacilli (rods)

- Escherichia coli
- Enterobacter
- Citrobacter
- Morganella
- Pseudomonas
- Serratia

14

antibiotic classes that are EQUAL in efficacy for treatment of Gram-NEGATIVE bacilli (rods)

1. cephalosporins
2. penicillins
3. monobactam
4. quinolones
5. aminoglycosides
6. carbapenems

15

ONLY carbapenem that does NOT cover Pseudomonas

ERTAPENEM

16

cover GNR and ALSO cover Streptococci and anaerobes

1. PIPERACILLIN
2. TICARCILLIN

17

EXCELLENT pneumococcal (Streptococcus pneumoniae) drugs

1. LEVOFLOXACIN
2. GEMIFLOXACIN
3. MOXIFLOXACIN

18

work SYNERGISTICALLY against Staph and Strep

AMINOGLYCOSIDES

19

EXCELLENT anaerobic coverage, and cover Strep and MSSA

CARBAPENEMS

20

covers MRSA and GNR

TIGECYCLINE

21

adverse effect of imipenem

SEIZURES

22

BEST medication for gastrointestinal anaerobes (Bacteroides)

metronidazole

23

can also be used for gastrointestinal anaerobes (Bacteroides)

- carbapenems
- piperacillin
- ticarcillin

24

ONLY cephalosporins that cover anaerobes

- CEFOXITIN
- CEFOTETAN

25

BEST medication for respiratory anaerobes (anaerobic Strep)

clindamycin

26

antibiotics with NO anaerobic coverage

- aminoglycosides
- aztreonam
- fluoroquinolones
- oxacillin
- nafcillin
- all cephalosporins EXCEPT cefoxitin and cefotetan

27

red, flushed skin (particularly on neck) from histamine release is d/t?

vancomycin

28

red man syndrome treatment

slow rate of vancomycin infusion

29

treatment for herpes simplex, and varicella zoster (all 3 are equal in efficacy)

1. acyclovir
2. valacyclovir
3. famciclovir

30

treatment for cytomegalovirus (CMV)

1. ganciclovir
2. valganciclovir
3. foscarnet