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USMLE Step 3 MTB > Pediatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (74)
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1

blue/gray macules on presacral back/posterior thighs

Mongolian spots

2

firm, yellow-white papules/pustules w/ erythematous base, which peak on second day of life

erythema toxicum

3

permanent, unilateral vascular malformation on head and neck

port wine stain (nevus flammeus)

4

red, sharply demarcated, raised lesions appearing in first 2 months, rapidly expanding, then involuting by age 5-9 years

hemangioma

5

preauricular tags/pits

preauricular tags/pits

6

defect in iris

coloboma of iris

7

absence of iris

aniridia

8

mass lateral to midline

branchial cleft cyst

9

mass in MIDLINE that moves with swallowing or tongue protrusion

thyroglossal duct cyst

10

GI tract protrusion through umbilicus WITH SAC

omphalocele

11

abdominal defect lateral to midline WITHOUT SAC

gastroschisis

12

congenital weakness where vessels of fetal and infant umbilical cord exited through the rectus abdominis muscle

umbilical hernia

13

scrotal swelling, transillumination

hydrocele

14

unilateral absence of testes in scrotal sac

undescended testes

15

urethral opening on VENTRAL surface

hypospadias

16

urethral opening on DORSAL surface

epispadias

17

inguinal bulge or reducible scrotal swelling

inguinal hernia (usually INdirect)

18

- low Apgar scores
- blood stools
- apnea
- lethargy
- abdominal wall erythema and distention

necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)

19

failure to pass meconium

Hirschsprung disease

20

hydrocephalus w/ generalized intracranial calcifications and chorioretinitis

toxoplasmosis

21

- cataracts, deafness, and heart defects
- blueberry muffin spots (extramedullary hematopoiesis)

rubella

22

- microcephaly w/ periventricular calcifications
- petechiae w/ thrombocytopenia

CMV

23

- first week: PNA/shock
- second week: skin vesicles, keratoconjunctivitis
- third week: acute meningoencephalitis

herpes

24

osteochondritis and periostitis; desquamating skin rash of palms and soles, snuffles (mucopurulent rhinitis)

syphilis

25

- neonatal: PNA
- congenital: limb hypoplasia, cutaneous scars, seizures, mental retardation

varicella

26

- drug teratogenesis

respiratory, CNS depression

- anesthetics
- barbiturates

27

- drug teratogenesis

respiratory depression

magnesium sulfate

28

- drug teratogenesis

vitamin K deficiency

phenobarbital

29

- drug teratogenesis

displaces bilirubin from albumin

sulfonamides

30

- drug teratogenesis

premature closure of ductus arteriosus

NSAID's