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Anatomy - Thorax and Abdomen > Inguinal Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inguinal Region Deck (13)
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0

What are the three parts of the epididymis?

Head, body, and tail

1

What are the two layers of the scrotum?

1. Heavily pigmented skin and closely related dartos fascia
2. Fat-free fascial layer including smooth muscle fibers responsible for the rugos appearance of the scrotum

2

Lymphatic drainage of the testis

Right and left lumbar nodes and pre-aortic lymph nodes

3

Autonomic nerves of the testis

Testicular plexus of nerves on the testicular artery

4

What are two types of inguinal hernias?

Direct (acquired) and indirect (congenital)

5

What are the borders of the inguinal triangle?

Rectus abdominis, inferior epigastric vessels, and inguinal ligament

6

The inguinal triangle is an area for what type of hernias?

Direct

7

Direct hernias go through which part(s) of the inguinal canal?

Superficial ring

8

Indirect hernias go through which part(s) of the inguinal canal?

Deep and superficial rings

9

A hernia through the deep ring would tear what?

Transversalis fascia

10

A hernia through the superficial ring would tear what?

External oblique aponeurosis

11

What are the borders of the inguinal canal?

Anterior wall (roof) - external oblique aponeurosis
Posterior wall (floor) - transversalis fascia and internal oblique and transverse abdominis aponeurosis
Inferior border - inguinal ligament

12

What are the contents of the inguinal canal?

Men - spermatic cord
Female - round ligament of the uterus
Both - ilioinguinal nerve