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Anatomy - Thorax and Abdomen > Peritoneum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peritoneum Deck (32)
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What are the two layers of the peritoneum?

Parietal and visceral peritoneum

1

Falciform ligament

Connects the liver to the anterior wall

2

What makes up the portal triad?

Portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct

3

What are the two divisions of the peritoneal cavity?

Greater sac and an omental bursa

4

Boundaries of the omental foramen

1. Hepatoduodenal ligament, hepatic artery, and bile duct
2. IVC and right crus of diaphragm
3. Liver
4. First part of the duodenum

5

What are the three branches of the abdominal aorta?

Celiac trunk, superior and inferior mesenteric arteries

6

What is the hepatic portal vein formed by?

Union of the superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric, and splenic veins

7

Arterial supply of the esophagus

Esophageal branches of the left gastric artery and the inferior phrenic nerve

8

Venous drainage of esophagus

Left gastric vein and the esophageal vein

9

Lymphatic drainage of the esophagus

Left gastric lymph node and celiac lymph node

10

Innervation of the esophagus

Vagal trunks, thoracic sympathetic trunks (via greater splanchnic nerves) and the periarterial plexus

11

Arterial supply of the stomach

Right and left gastric arteries, right and left gastro-omental arteries, and short and posterior splenic arteries

12

Venous drainage of the stomach

Left and right gastric veins, short gastric veins, and right and left gastro-omental veins

13

Innervation of the stomach

Parasympathetic: anterior and posterior vagal trunk
Sympathetic: Celiac plexus

14

What are the four parts of the duodenum?

Superior, descending, inferior, and ascending part

15

What are the four parts of the large intestine?

Cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal

16

What are the four parts of the colon?

Ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid

17

What are the four parts of the pancreas?

Head, neck, body, and tail

18

What is the major lymph producing organ?

Liver

19

What are the two lobes of the liver?

Right and left

20

The liver is broken into how many segments?

8

21

What runs through the segments of the liver?

Right, middle (intermediate), and left hepatic veins

22

What are the four arteries that supply the bile duct?

Posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery, gastroduodenal artery, cystic artery, and right hepatic artery

23

What are the three parts of the gallbladder?

Fundus, body, and neck

24

What is the relation of the right suprarenal gland?

Lies anterior to the diaphragm and makes contact with the IVC anteromedially and the liver anterolaterally

25

What is the relation of the left suprarenal gland?

Related to the spleen, stomach, pancreas, and the left crus of the diaphragm

26

What are the three sources of arteries to the ureters?

Renal artery, testicular or ovarian arteries, and abdominal aorta

27

Autonomic nerves of the abdomen

Consist of several different splanchnic nerves and one cranial nerve (CN X) that deliver presynaptic sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers to the abdominal aortic plexus and its associated sympathetic ganglia

28

Round ligament of the liver

Sits inferior to the falciform ligament

29

Where does the greater omentum originate?

Greater curvature of the stomach