Inguinal Region (Abdomen) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Inguinal Region (Abdomen) Deck (59):
1

where do structures exist and enter the abdominal cavity

the inguinal area

2

75% of abdominal hernias happens in

inguinal area

3

86% of inguinal hernia occur in

males, because of the passage of the spermatic cord through inguinal canal

4

male gonads travel through what to get from the abdomen to the perinuem

the inguinal canal

5

the ingiunal ligament and illopubic tract is the lowest portion of what

our external oblique
(last portion of the external oblique aponeruosis)

6

lacunar ligament forms what

the medial boundary of the subinguinal space

7

pectineal ligament of Cooper

most lateral of the fibers and it runs along pecten pubis

8

the thickened inferior margin of the transversalis fascia that appears as a fibrous band and runs parellel to the inguinal ligament is the

iliopubic tract

9

iliopubic tract can be viewed?

posteriorly

10

the inguinal lig and iliopubic tract span an area of innate weakness in the groin area called

myopectineal orifice

11

the myopectineal orifice is the sight of what

groin hernias

12

femoral hernia is more common in

female ( due to size of pelvis

13

the dragging process of gonads occurs where

inguinal canal ( formed for dragging)

14

what lies parallel and superior to the inguinal ligament

the inguinal canal

15

the round lig ( women) and spermatic cord ( males) is main occupant of

inguinal canal

16

the inguinal canal also has

blood and lymphatic vessels

17

gubernaculum (male)

a fibrous cord that connects the primordial testies to the anterolateral abdominal wall

18

all blood vessels for testes and ovaries come from

the posterior side of lumbar area (dragging area)- they are not the structure of pelvis

19

testes are in pelvis when

12th week

20

testes are close to inguinal ring when

28th week ( 7 months)

21

testies begin to pass through inguinal canal when

28th week

22

how long does it take for testes to pass through inguinal canal

3 days

23

as the testis, ductus deference and its vessels/nerves descend they are ensheathed in what

musculofascial extensions from the anteriorlateral abdomen wall

( making adult scrotum)

24

the stalk of the process vaginalis normally degenerates but the distal part of it forms what

tunica vaginalis (serous sheath of the testis and epididymus)

25

where the inguinal canal is developed in males the what is developed in women

the labium majorus

26

ovaries cannot go where due to connection?

inguinal area

27

the female gubernaculum is what

a fibrous cord that connects the ovary and primordial for uterus and forms the labium majorus

28

ovary ligament is where

between oavry and uterus

29

round ligament of the uterus is where

between uterus and labium majorus

30

ovaries do not descend to the inguinal region why

because of the ovarian ligament

31

what does go to the inguinal area in women connecting to the labium majora?

the round ligament

32

the superficial inguinal rings in infants lie where

almost directly anterior to the deep inguinal rings

33

the testes are outside of the body why

because the sperm cannot be produce inside of the body due to the temperature

34

inguinal canals are narrower in who

women

35

inguinal canals i children are what

shorter then they are in adults

36

the deep inguinal ring

the internal entrance of the inguninal canal

37

sueprfical inguinal ring

the exit by which the spermatic cord in males and round lig in women comes out of inguinal canal

38

lateral crus attaches to where

pubic tubercal

39

medial crus attaches where

the pubic crest

40

medial and lateral crus do what

are the margins of the superfical ring

41

the medial and lateral crus do what

keep the aponeruosis from splitting

42

the inguinal canals have two what? and what else

two walls and a roof and floor ( like a tunnel)

43

posterior wall of inguinal canal is formed by

transversalis fascia

44

anterior wall of inguinal canal is mainly formed by?

external oblique

45

roof of inguinal canal is formed by

transversalis fascia
aponeruosis of internal and transverse abdominis
medial crus of external oblique

46

floor is mostly formed by

inguinal ligament

47

the deep and superficial inguinal rings do not do what in adults

overlap, because they are oblique

48

pressure on the inguinal canal will cause

it to collapse because it is oblique

49

superifical inguinal ring is the final what

exist of inguinal canal

50

what makes the roof of the canal descend and also constricts the canal

contraction of the external oblique muscles

51

which ligament bypasses the pubic tubercle and fan upward

reflected inguinal lig

52

the inguinal lig and iliopubic tract span an area of innate weakness in the body wall of the groin called?

the myopectineal orifice

53

where is the site of groin hernias

myopectineal orifice

54

when is the inguinal canal formed

in relation to the decent of the testes in fetal developmetn

55

how long is the inguinal canal in adults

4cm long

56

main occupant of inguinal canal

spermatacord/ round lig

57

where is blood, lymphatic vessels and ilioinguinal never in both sexes located

inguinal canal

58

male gubernaculum

is the fibrous cord that connects the future testes to the anteriolateral abdominal wall

59

process vaginalis

is the dragging of he muscular and fascia layers before it enters the scrotum