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Flashcards in Institutional Aggression Deck (25)
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1

What model is linked with the dispositional causes of institutional aggression?

Importation model

2

Which research backed up the importation model

Adams- in America black inmates more likely to be aggressive than white inmates and they were often from more disenfranchised environment where aggression is the norm

3

An example of a pre-existing characteristic which may contribute to aggression...

Alcohol dependence

4

Which model is linked with the situational causes of institutional aggression?

Deprivation model

5

Who proposed the pains of inprisonment?

Harer and steffensmeier

6

Examples of pains of inprisonment...

Boredom, loneliness and lack of privacy, control & relationships

7

Who proposed the lucifer effect?

Zimbardo

8

What is the lucifer effect?

When prison situation cultivated aggression due to change in power and status in the institution

9

2 pieces of research for the importation model...

Kane and Janus
Mills, kroner and weekes

10

What did Jane and Janus find?

Correlation between low levels of education, high unemployment and serious criminal record with likelihood of aggression whilst in prison
Non white, younger inmates more likely to be aggressive

11

What did mills, kroner and weekes do and find?

Surveyed 202 inmates in Canadian prison to find aggression was associated with severe alcohol dependence

12

Research into the deprivation model...

Johnston

13

Why did Johnston say prison overcrowding leads to increased aggression?

Increased competition for resources so they adopt violent, defensive behaviours

14

Evaluation points of importation model...

No practical applications and supporting research

15

Evaluation points of deprivation model...

Practical applications and it can't explain prison riots

16

Who's graph shows that stress remains at similar level but aggression fluctuates?

McCorkle

17

What is institutional aggression?

Aggression that exists within that organisation or body

18

What did Light find?

25% of prison assaults had no apparent reason

19

What did Goffman suggest?

Prisoners often attempted to hide motive behind aggressive acts

20

What evaluation point includes the research of Light and Goffman?

Methodological issues of institutional aggression

21

General evaluation point of institutional aggression...

Difficult to isolate specific factors when studying prison aggression (can't perform controlled research)

22

What did Light find?

25% of prison assaults had no apparent reason

23

What did Goffman suggest?

Prisoners often attempted to hide motive behind aggressive acts

24

What evaluation point includes the research of Light and Goffman?

Methodological issues of institutional aggression

25

General evaluation point of institutional aggression...

Difficult to isolate specific factors when studying prison aggression (can't perform controlled research)