# Instrument Ground SU 2 Flashcards

1
Q

What force causes a plane to turn?

A

Horizontal lift component

2
Q

The rate of turn at any airspeed is dependent upon

A

The horizontal lift component

3
Q

What is the relationship between centrifugal force and the horizontal lift component in a coordinated turn?

A

Horizontal lift and centrifugal force are equal

4
Q

When airspeed is increased in a turn, what must be done to maintain a constant altitude?

A

Increase the angle of bank and/or decrease the angle of attack

5
Q

The primary reason the pitch attitude must be increased, to maintain a constant altitude during a coordinated turn, is because the

A

vertical component of lift has decreased as the result of the bank

6
Q

When airspeed is decreased in a turn, what must be done to maintain level flight?

A

Decrease the angle of bank and/or increase the angle of attack

7
Q

The primary reason the angle of attack must be increased, to maintain a constant altitude during a coordinated turn, is because the

A

vertical component of lift has decreased as the result of the bank

8
Q

During a skidding turn to the right, what is the relationship between the component of lift, centrifugal force, and load factor

A

Centrifugal force is greater than horizontal lift and the load factor is increased

9
Q

When airspeed is decreased in a turn, what must be done to maintain level flight?

A

Decrease the angle of bank and/or increase the pitch attitude

10
Q

(Refer to figure 144 below.) Which illustration indicates a coordinated turn?

A

3

11
Q

(Refer to figure 144 below.) What changes in control displacement should be made so that “2” would result in a coordinated standard-rate turn?

A

Increase left rudder and increase rate of turn

12
Q

(Refer to Figure 144 below.) Which illustration indicates a skidding turn?

A

1

13
Q

(Refer to Figure 144 below.) Which illustration indicates a slipping turn?

A

2

14
Q

(Refer to Figure 144 on page 58.) What changes in control displacement should be made so that “1” would result in a coordinated standard rate turn?

A

Increase right rudder and increase rate of turn

15
Q

(Refer to Figure 144 on page 58.) What information is shown on turn coordinator #3?

A

A half standard rate, coordinated turn to the left

16
Q

If a half-standard-rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 360 degrees

A

4 minutes

17
Q

Rate of turn can be increased and radius of turn decreased by

A

decreasing airspeed and increasing the bank

18
Q

If a standard-rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the left from a heading of 090 degrees to a heading of 300 degrees?

A

50 seconds

19
Q

If a half-standard-rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 135 degrees

A

1 minute 30 seconds

20
Q

If a standard-rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 180 degrees

A

1 minute

21
Q

If a half-standard-rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn clockwise from a heading of 090 degrees to a heading 180 degrees

A

1 minute

22
Q

During a constant-bank level turn, what effect would an increase in airspeed have on the rate and radius of turn?

A

Rate of turn would decrease, and radius of turn would increase

23
Q

If a standard-rate turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the right from a heading 090 degrees to a heading of 270 degrees

A

1 minute

24
Q

Displacement of the standard turn index during a coordinated turn will

A

increase as rate of turn increases

25
Q

Your heading indicator has failed. To turn left from a heading of 090 degrees to a heading of 360 degrees, usinga standard rate turn, how many seconds will it take>

A

30 seconds

26
Q

approximately what percent of the indicated vertical speed should be used to determine the number of feet to lead the level-off from a climb to a specific altitude?

A

10 percent

27
Q

Conditions that determine pitch attitude required to maintain level flight are

A

airspeed, air density, wing design, and angle of attack

28
Q

To level off from a descent to a specific altitude, the pilot should lead the level-off by approximately

A

10 percent of the vertical speed

29
Q

As a rule of thumb, altitude corrections of less than 100 feet should be corrected by using

A

less than a full bar width on the attitude indicator

30
Q

While cruising at 160 knots, you wish to establish a climb at 130 knots. When entering the climb (full panel), it is proper to make the initial pitch change by increasing back elevator pressure until the

A

attitude indicator shows the approximate pitch attitude appropriate for the 130-knot climb

31
Q

To level off at an airspeed higher than the descent speed, the addition of power should be made, assuming a 500 fpm rate of descent, at approximately

A

100 to 150 feet above the desired altitude

32
Q

Which instruments should be used to make a pitch correction when you have deviated from your assigned altitude

A

Attitude indicator, altimeter, and VSI

33
Q

As a rule of thumb, altitude corrections of less than 100 feet should be corrected by using a

A

half bar width on the attitude indicator

34
Q

To enter a constant-airspeed descent from level-cruising flight, and maintain cruising airspeed, the pilot should

A

simultaneously reduce power and adjust the pitch using the attitude indicator as a reference to maintain the cruising airspeed

35
Q

To level off from a descent maintaining the descending airspeed, the pilot should lead the desired altitude by approximately

A

50 feet

36
Q

While cruising at 190 knots, you wish to establish a climb at 160 knots. When entering the climb (full panel), it would proper to make the initial pitch change by increasing back elevator pressure until the

A

attitude indicator shows the approximate pitch attitude appropriate for the 160-knot climb

37
Q

What is the third fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying?

A

Aircraft control

38
Q

What is the first fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying?

A

Instrument cross-check

39
Q

What are the three fundamental skills involved in attitude instrument flying?

A

Cross-check, instrument interpretation, and aircraft control

40
Q

What is the correct sequence in which to use the three skills used in instrument flying

A

Cross-check, instrument interpretation, and aircraft control

41
Q

Which instruments, in addition to the attitude indicator, are pitch instruments?

A

Altimeter, airspeed indicator, and vertical speed indicator

42
Q

For maintaining level flight at constant thrust, which instrument would be the least appropriate for determining the need for a pitch change?

A

Attitude indicator

43
Q

Which instrument indicates the quality of a turn?

A

Ball of the turn coordinator

44
Q

Which instrument provides the most pertinent information for pitch control in straight-and-level flight?

A

Altimeter

45
Q

While recovering from an unusual flight attitude without the aid of the attitude indicator, approximate level pitch attitude is reached when the

A

airspeed and altimeter stop their movement and the VSI reverses its trend

46
Q

If an airplane is in an unusual flight attitude and the attitude indicator has exceeded its limits, which instruments should be relied on the determine pitch attitude before starting recovery

A

Airspeed and altimeter

47
Q

Which is the correct sequence for recovery from a spiraling, nose-low, increasing airspeed, and unusual flight attitude?

A

Reduce power, correct the bank attitude, and raise the nose to a level attitude

48
Q

During recoveries from unusual attitudes, level flight is attained the instant

A

the altimeter and airspeed needles stop prior to reversing their direction of movement

49
Q

(Refer to figure 145 below.) What is the correct sequence for recovery from the unusual attitude indicated?

A

Reduce power, level the wings, bring pitch attitude to level flight

50
Q

(Refer to figure 147 below.) Which is the correct sequence for recovery from the unusual attitude indicated?

A

51
Q

(Refer to figure 146 below.) identify the system that has failed and determine a corrective action to return the airplane to straight-and-level flight

A

Static/pitot system is blocked; lower the nose and level the wings to level-flight attitude by use of attitude indicator

52
Q

(refer to figure 148 below.) What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned

A

Climbing turn to right

53
Q

(refer to figure 149 below.) What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned

A

Straight-and-level flight

54
Q

(refer to figure 150 below.) What is the flight attitude? one instrument has malfunctioned

A

Climbing turn to the right

55
Q

(refer to figure 151 below.) What is the flight attitude? one instrument has malfunctioned

A

Level turn to the right

56
Q

If you fly into severe turbulence, which flight condition should you attempt to maintain?

A

Level flight attitude

57
Q

If severe turbulence is encountered during your IFR flight, the airplane should be slowed to the design maneuvering speed because the

A

amount of excess load that can be imposed on the wing will be decreased

58
Q

When a climb or descent through an inversion or wind-shear zone is being performed, the pilot should be alert for which of the following change in airplane performance

A

A sudden change in airspeed

59
Q

What is the best method of speed reduction if hydroplaning is experienced on landing?

A

Hold nose up

60
Q

Which term describes the hydroplaning which occurs when an airplane’s tire is effectively held off a smooth runway surface by steam generated by friction?

A

Reverted rubber hydroplaning

61
Q

What is the best method of speed reduction if hydroplaning is experienced on landing

A

Apply aerodynamic braking to the fullest advantage

62
Q

What effect, if any, will landing at a higher-than-recommended touchdown speed have on hydroplaning?

A

increase hydroplaning potential regardless of braking

63
Q

Under which conditions is hydroplaning most likely to occur?

A

During conditions of standing water, slush, high speed, and smooth runway texture

64
Q

Under what conditions might a pilot expect the possibility of hydroplaning

A

When landing on a wet runway that is covered in rubber from previous landings