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Flashcards in Insulin preparations Deck (16)
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1

Insulin preparations (groups)

Rapid-acting
Short-acting
Intermediate-acting
Long-acting
Inhaled insulin

2

Insulin preparations - indications

Used for all DM1 pt.
1/3 of DM2
Gestational diabetes

3

Insulin - adverse effects

Lipodystrophy

4

Rapid-acting insulin (3 drugs)

Insulin lispro
Insulin aspart
Insulin glulisine

5

Rapid-acting insulin - indications

Postprandial glycemia

6

Short-acting insulin (1 drug)

Regular insulin

7

Regular insulin - indications

Diabetic ketoacidosis (adm IV)

8

Intermediate-acting insulin (1 drug)

Isophane insulin (neutral protamine Hagedorn - NPH)

9

NPH insulin especially used in which pt?

DM2

10

Is intermediate-acting insulin an alternative to long-acting insulins?

Yes, low-cost alternative

11

Is slow-acting insulin an alternative to rapid-acting insulins?

No, regular insulin is no suitable for treatment of postprandial glycemia

12

Long-acting insulins (3 drugs)

Insulin glargine
Insulin detemir
Insulin degludec

13

Which insulin has no peak effect?

Insulin glargine

14

Ultralong-acting insulin

Insulin degludec

15

Inhaled insulin can replace which group of insulins?

Alternative to short- or rapid-acting insulins

16

Inhaled insulin - indications

Injection site reactions
Needle aversion
Difficulty injecting