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Flashcards in Intro to CNS Deck (17)
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1

In the brain, where is white vs grey matter?

Grey on outside, white on inside

2

Cerebral hemispheres control what side of the body?

The opposite side

3

Cerebellum controls what side of the body?

Same side

4

Left hemisphere

Language
Skilled motor formulation
Calculations
Musical ability (trained musicians)
Sense of direction (from map)

5

Right hemisphere

Attention
Spatial processing
Emotion detection
Visual-spatial analysis
Musical function in untrained musicians
Sense of direction (by sense of orientation)

6

Broca's aphasia

Difficulty getting words out
Understands spoken word and can follow commands

7

Patients with neglect have damage to which hemisphere?

Right

8

Broca's area is..

In the left frontal lobe

9

Crossover usually happens in the...

Medulla

10

Wernicke's area is located in..

The left temporal lobe

11

Limbic structures are involved in...

Emotions
Memory
Higher cognitive functions

12

Basal ganglia

Planning and initiating movement

13

Thalamus

Sensory relay centre

14

12 cranial nerves

Olfactory, optic, oculomotor
Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens
Facial, vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal
Vagus, accessory, hypoglossal

15

Ataxia

Disorder of rate, rhythm, force of movements
Lack of coordination
When cerebellum goes wrong

16

In the spinal cord, where is white vs grey matter?

White outside
Grey inside

17

Wallenberg syndrome

Stroke in the lateral medulla
Causes hoarseness, nausea, vomiting, hiccups, difficulty walking/balance, rapid eye movements, etc