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Flashcards in Intro To wine Deck (201):
1

WHAT ARE THREE SOURCES THAT CAN AFFECT A WINE’S FLAVOR?

GRAPE 🍇 FERMENTATION. And MATURATION and AGING

2

WHAT SPECIES OF GRAPES MAKE THE MOST WINE?

VITIS VINIFERA

3

THREE GRAPES THAT HAVE HIGH TANNIN

NEBBIOLO
CAB-SAUVIGNON
SYRAH/SHIRAZ

4

ALL OF THE ELEMENTS THAT CONTRIBUTES TO A DISTINCTIVE TASTE OF A VINEYARD, ITS SOIL, CLIMATE, ELEVATION, EXPOSURE TO SUN ETC.

TERROIR

5

WHEN A WINE IS ABSENT OF FRUITY AROMAS AND FLAVORS. HAS SMELLS OF CRUSHED MINERALS, WET STONES AND OCEAN WATERS

MINERALITY

6

The wine makers measure of sugar in grapes

BRIX

7

MOLD THAT PUNCTURES THE SKIN OF THE GRAPE ALLOWING WATER TO DISSIPATE THAT LEAVES A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF SUGAR AND ACID

BOTRYTIS CINEREA “noble rot”

8

WHAT ARE THE THREE TASTES IN WINE?

SWEET, SOUR and BITTER

9

WHEN WERE THE AOC LAWS FIRST ESTABLISHED

1930s

10

HOW MANY ACRES ARE THERE IN A HECTARE

2.471 acres

11

How many gallons are there in a hectoliter

26.42 gallons

12

Difference in style between a Riesling from Alsace and one from Germany

Alsace Rieslings are dry and Germany Rieslings are sweet

13

Most planted grape in Alsace

RIESLING

14

GRAPE VARIETY FOR SANCERRE AND POUILLY-FUME WINES

SAUVIGNON BLANC

15

GRAPE VARIETY FOR VOUVRAY

CHENIN BLANC

16

TERM FOR WHEN WINE AGES ON ITS LEES OR SEDIMENT

SUR LIE

17

FRENCH WORD FOR GRAVEL

GRAVES

18

WHICH TWO GRAPES ARE USED MOST IN BORDEAUX WHITE WINES

SAUVIGNON BLANC
SEMILLON

19

BORDEAUX: NAME THE 9 CLASSIFIED CHATEAUS IN GRAVES

CH-BOUSCAUT
CH-CARBONNIEUX
CH-COUHINS LURTON
DOMAINE DE CHEVALIER
CH-HAUT BRION
CH- BRION
CH-MALARTIC LAGRAVIERE
CH-OLIVIER
CH- SMITH HAUT LAFITTE

20

PRIMARY GRAPE FOR SAUTERNES

SEMILLON

21

THE MAIN REGIONS OF BURGUNDY

COTE CHALONNAISE
MACONNAIS
COTE D’OR (Cote de Nuits, Cote de Beaune )
CHABLIS
BEAUJOLAIS

22

THE REGION OF BURGUNDY THAT PRODUCE ONLY WHITE WINE

CHABLIS

23

BURGUNDY: WHICH WINE DOES COTE D’OR PRODUCES, WHITE OR RED

RED

24

QUALITY LEVELS OF BURGUNDY

Grand Cru
Premier Cru
Village Wine
Regional Appellations

25

NAME THE 7 PREMIER CRUS VINEYARDS FOR CHABLIS

COTE DE VAULORENT
FOURCHAUME
LECHET
MONTEE DE TONNERRE
MONTMAINS
MONTS DE MILIEU
VALLION

26

BURGUNDY: WHAT IS THE MAIN GRAPE OF MORGON AOP

GAMAY

27

BURGUNDY: HOW ARE THE VERY BEST VINEYARDS IN THE COTE D’OR DESIGNATED

GRANDS CRUS

28

WHAT IS BURGUNDY’s AOP SYSTEM FROM HIGH QUALITY TO LOWER

GRANDS CRUS 2%
PREMIERS CRUS 12%
VILLAGE WINES 30%
REGIONAL 56%

29

BURGUNDY: NAME THE 7 CHABLIS’ VINEYARDS DESIGNATED AS GRANDS CRUS?

LES CLOS (top)
LES PREUSES
VAUDESIR
VALMUR
BOUGROS
BLANCHOT
GRENOUILLES

30

BURGUNDY: NAME THE 5 MAIN VILLAGES IN COTE CHALONNAISE

BOUZERON
RULLY
MERCUREY
GIVRY
MONTAGNY

31

THE CISTERCIAN MONKS WERE FIRST TO DO WHAT

STUDY THE VINEYARDS TO IDENTIFY SUPERIOR PARCELS THAT WOULD PRODUCE DISTINCTIVE WINES

32

HOW DID THE NAPOLEONS CODE OF INHERITANCE AFFECT THE VINEYARDS OF BURGUNDY

VINEYARDS WERE TAKEN FROM THE CHURCH ND ESTATES WHERE DIVIDED AMONGST MALE HEIRS WHICH FRAGMENTED THE VINEYARD INTO SOMETIMES ROWS.

33

BURGUNDY: A PERSON/COMPANY THAT BUYS GRAPES AND WINE FOR BLENDING AND BOTTLING UNDER THEIR LABEL

NEGOCIANT

34

BURGUNDY: THEY GROW AND PRODUCE THEIR OWN VINEYARD AND AGE AND BOTTLE THEIR OWN WINE.

DOMAINE

35

BURGUNDY: DEFINE COTE

HILLSIDE OR SLOP

36

BURGUNDY: DEFINE CLOS

VINEYARD SURROUNDED BY DRY-STONE WALLS

37

BURGUNDY: VINEYARD OWNED BY ONE COMPANY

MONOPOLE

38

BORDEAUX: WHICH RIVERS DIVIDE RIGHT BANK

GIRONDE AND DORDOGNE to the EAST

39

BORDEAUX: WHAT ARE THE FIVE FIRST GROWTHS OF MEDOC

CHATEU
LAFITE-ROTHSCHILD
LATOUR
MOUTON-ROTHSCHILD
MARGAUX
HAUT BRION

40

BORDEAUX: WHAT STYLE OF WINE IS PRIMARY IN POMEROL

DRY REDS ONLY - MERLOT, CABERNET FRANC.

41

BORDEAUX: THREE CLASSIFICATION LEVELS OF THE CHATEAUX IN SAUTERNES

GRAND PREMIER CRU
PREMIERS CRUS
DEUXIEMES CRUS

42

BORDEAUX: WHICH RIVERS DIVIDE ENTRE-DUEX-MERS

GARONNE AND DORDOGNE IN THE MIDDLE

43

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT GRAPE VARIETY IN MEDOC

CABERNET SAUVIGNON

44

BORDEAUX IS DIVIDED INTO THREE ZONES NAMED

LEFT BANK
RIGHT BANK
ENTRE-DUEX-MERS

45

BORDEAUX: WHAT SOIL IS MORE SUITABLE FOR CABERNET SAUVIGNON,

GRAVEL

46

BORDEAUX: WHICH RIVERS DIVIDE LEFT BANK

GIRONDE AND GARONNE To The WEST

47

BORDEAUX: IN WHAT YEAR WERE THE WINES OF MEDOC CLASSIFIED

1855

48

BORDEAUX: CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

COMMUNE - Top Quality
SUB-REGIONAL
REGIONAL

49

BORDEAUX: WHERE IS CHATEAU HAUT-BRION LOCATED

MEDOC

50

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY STYLE OF WINE IN ENTRE-DEUX-MERS

DRY WHITES

51

BORDEAUX: WHAT GRAPE DOMINATES WINES IN POMEROL

MERLOT

52

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF MARGAUX

DRY REDS - CABERNET SAUVIGNON BLENDS

53

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLES OF PESSAC-LEOGNAN

BOTH DRY REDS AND WHITES. CAB-SAUV, MELROT, CAB-FRANC, SAUVIGNON-BLANC, SEMILLON

54

BORDEAUX: WHICH REGION ONLY PRODUCES DRY WHITE AOP WINES

ENTRE-DEUX-MERS

55

BORDEAUX: WHICH REGIONS ARE IN THE LEFT BANK

MEDOC
GRAVES
SAUTERNES

56

BORDEAUX: WHICH REGIONS ARE IN THE RIGHT BANK

SAINT-EMILION
POMEROL

57

BORDEAUX: MEANING OF ENTRE-DUEZ-MERS

BETWEEN TWO SEAS

58

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF SAUTERNES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECT SWEET WHITES

59

BORDEAUX: WHICH AREA IS BEST KNOWN FOR NOT HAVING A CLASSIFICATION

ENTRE DEUX MERS

60

WHY IS BORDEAUX WINES BETTER KNOWN INTERNATIONALLY THAN OTHER FRENCH WINES?

BECAUSE IT WAS A CENTER OF TRADE WITH EASY ACCESS TO THE ATLANTA OCEAN

61

CHILE: WHAT TYPE OF GRAPES MAKES UP MOST OF THE VINEYARD PLANTINGS IN CHILE

RED GRAPE VARIETIES

62

CHILE: WHAT IS THE LARGEST DO WINE GROWING AREA IN CHILE

VALLE CENTRAL DO

63

CHILE: SAN ANTONIO AND CASABLANCA DOs SHARE THIS TRAIT

COOL CLIMATE REGIONS NEAR THE PACIFIC COAST.

64

CHILE: THE MOST WELL KNOWN GRAPE VARIETY PRODUCED IN MAIPO VALLEY

PINOT NOIR

65

CHILE: THIS BRINGS COOL, MOIST AIR AND FOG TO THE COAST REGIONS

HUMBOLDT CURRENT

66

CHILE: CARMENERE WAS MISTAKE FOR WHICH GRAPE

MERLOT

67

CHILE: THE CARMENERE GRAPE WAS BROUGHT TO CHILE FROM WHAT REGION.

BORDEAUX REGION OF FRANCE

68

CHILE: SUB-REGIONS OF THE VALLE CENTRAL DO

RAPEL
MAIPO VALLEY
MAULE VALLEY
CURICO

69

CHILE: WHAT % MUST A WINE HAVE IN ORDER TO BEAR THE NAME OF THE GRAPE VINTAGE OR REGION

75%. (MOST PRODUCERS USE 85% TO ABHERE TO EUROPEAN EXPORT LAW)

70

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY RED GRAPE

MALBEC

71

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WHITE GRAPE VARIETY

TORRONTES

72

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PROMINENT AREA FOR TORRONTES VARIETAL

PATAGONIA

73

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT FEATURE OF THE SALTA VINEYARDS

HIGHEST ALTITUDE IN THE WORLD FOR VINE PLANTINGS

74

ARGENTINA: A FIERCE WIND FROM THE ANDES

ZONDA

75

ARGENTINA: LUJAN DE CUJO DOC IS LOCATED HERE

MENDOZA

76

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE MAJOR HAZARD TO THE VINEYARDS OF MENDOZA

RAIN

77

SOUTH AFRICA: STEEN IS A LOCAL NAME FOR WHAT GRAPE

CHENIN BLANC

78

SOUTH AFRICA: THIS CURRANT COOLS COASTAL VINEYARDS

BENGUELA CURRENT

79

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE 4 DISTRICTS

STELLENBOSCH
PAARL
WALKER BAY
SWARTLAND

80

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT GRAPES GROW IN CHAMPAGNE

CHARDONNAY
PINOT NOIR
MEUNIER

81

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT FLAVORS DOES SUR LIE AGING GIVES CHAMPAGNE

AROMAS AND FLAVORS OF YEAST, AND FRESH BAKED BREAD

82

CHAMPAGNE: IF LABELED BLANC DE BLANCS, WHICH GRAPE VARIETY HAS BEEN USED

CHARDONNAY

83

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT SOIL TYPE IS BEST KNOWN FOR CHAMPAGNE VINEYARDS

CHALK AND LIMESTONE

84

CHAMPAGNE: BRUT

DRY

85

WHAT ITALIAN SPARKLING WINES ARE MADE BY THE TANK/CHARMAT METHOD

PROSECCO (VENETO)
LAMBRUSCO (EMILIA-ROMAGNA)
ASTI (PIEDMONT)

86

WHAT ITALIAN SPARKLING WINES ARE MADE BY THE METHODE CLASSICO

FRANCIACORTA (LOMBARDY)

87

LOIRE VALLEY: WHAT IS THE WINE STYLES OF VOUVRAY

SPARKING, DRY WHITES, AND SWEET WHITES - CHENIN BLANC

88

WHAT MOUNTAIN RANGE PROTECTS ALSACE

VOSGES

89

WHAT TYPE OF WINE IS CREMANT D’ALSACE

SPARKLING

90

WHAT TYPE OF WINE IS “SGN” OR SELECTION DE GRAINS NOBLES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECTED SWEET WINE

91

ALSACE: IF A WINE IS LABELED BY REFERENCE TO A GRAPE IS MUST BE MADE WITH WHAT % FROM THAT GRAPE VARIETY

100%

92

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR COTE-ROTIE

SYRAH AND VIOGNIER

93

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CONDRIEU

VIOGNIER

94

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CHATEAUNEUF-DU-PAPE

GRENACHE

95

NO RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR HERMITAGE BLANC

MARSANNE

96

SO. RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR TAVEL

GRENACHE

97

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR GIGONDAS

GRENACHE

98

NO. RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CORNAS

SYRAH

99

ITALY: WHAT GRAPES ARE USED TO MAKE PROSECCO

GLERA
sometimes small amounts of PINOT BIANCO, PINOT GRIGIO, VERDISO

100

ITALY: TRADITIONAL METHOD FOR MAKING SPARKLING

METODO CLASSICO

101

ITALY: PROSECCO IS POPULARLY MADE IN

VENETO

102

ITALY: PROSECCO IS MADE BY WHICH SPARKLING WINE METHOD

CHARMAT - SECOND FERMENTATION IN PRESSURIZED TANKS RATHER THAN BOTTLES

103

ITALY: GLERA GRAPES ARE ORIGINALLY GROWN IN

BETWEEN THE VILLAGES OF CONEGLIANO AND VALDOBBIADENE NORTH OF VENICE

104

ITALY: MAKING WINE FROM DRIED GRAPES

APPASSIMENTO

106

ITALY: WHAT ARE THE DOCGs OF PIEDMONT

BAROLO
BARBARESCO
MOSCATO D’AST. ASTI
BARBERA D ASTI
GAVI
BRACHETTO D ACQUI

107

ITALY: WHERE DOES SOAVE ORGINATE

WEST VENETO

108

ITALY: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT RIVER OF PIEDMONT

PO RIVER

109

ITALY: WHAT GRAPES WERE TRADITIONALLY USED TO MAKE SOAVE

GARGANEGA AND TREBBIANO. NOW IT IS MOSTLY BLAND IN CHEAP JUGS AND MADE WITH A NEUTRAL TREBBIANO VARIETY CALL TOSCANO

110

ITALY: WHAT IS THE APPASSIMENTO PROCESS

GRAPES HARVESTED AND DRIED, DRIED FRUIT DEVELOPS FLAVOR , WINE FERMENTED DRY AND HIGH ALCOHOL WINE 14-16%

111

ITALY: WHAT WINES ARE MADE WITH APPASSIMENTO PROCESS

AMARONE
recioto Della VALPOLOCELLA
recioto di SOAVE

112

ITALY: WHEN CAN BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO BE SOLD

AFTER THE JANUARY 1ST OF THE 5TH YEAR

113

GERMANY: WHAT IS THE PRADIKAT SYSTEM BASED ON

THE RIPENESS OF THE GRAPES AT HARVEST

114

GERMANY: WHAT IS AN IMPORTANT RIVER IN INE OF GERMANYS REGION

RHINE

115

GERMANY: GG WINES ARE

DRY (TROCKEN)

116

GERMANY: SPATBURGUNDER IS THE GERMAN WORD FOR WHICH GRAPE

PINOT NOIR

116

GERMANY: ORDER THE PRADIKAT BY RIPENESS

TROCKENBERENAUSLESE
EISWEIN
BEERENAUSLESE
AUSLESE
SPATLESE
KABINETT

117

GERMANY: WHAT IS THE PRADIKAT SYSTEM BASED ON

THE RIPENESS OF THE GRAPES AT HARVEST

118

GERMANY: WHAT IS AN IMPORTANT RIVER IN INE OF GERMANYS REGION

RHINE

119

AUSTRIA: WHAT ARE THE 4 MAJOR WINE REGIONS OF AUSTRIA

NIEDEROSTERREICH
WIEN
BURGENLAND
STYRIA

121

AUSTRIA: WHAT IS THE SIGNATURE WINE GRAPE VARIETY

GRUNER VELTLINER

121

AUSTRIA: WHAT STYLE OF WINE IS MAINLY PRODUCED IN AUSTRIA

VERY DRY OR VERY SWEET

122

AUSTRIA: WHAT ARE THE WINE QUALIFICATIONS FOR WACHAU

STEINFEDER
FEDERSPIEL
SMARAGD

123

AUSTRIA: WHAT RIVER IS IMPORTANT TO THE AUSTRIA VITICULTURE

DANUBE RIVER

124

SPAIN: WHAT DO MAKES WINES FROM THE ALBARIÑO GRAPE🍇

RIAS BAIXAS

125

SPAIN: WHAT ARE THE TWO DOCa REGIONS

RIOJA
PRIORAT

126

SPAIN: WHAT STYLE WINE DOES PRIORAT PRODUCE

POWERFUL DRY RED WINES

127

SPAIN: WHAT ASPECT OF TOPOGRAPHY AFFECTS THE CLIMATE OF RIBERA DEL DUERO

STRONG DIURNAL SHIFTS
HOT SUMMERS AND COLD WINTERS
HIGH ELEVATION OF THE MESETA

128

SPAIN: MAIN WHITE GRAPE VARIETY OF RUEDA

VERDEJO

129

SPAIN: WHICH REGIONS GROW THE TEMPRANILLO GRAPE VARIETY

RIOJA
RIBERA DEL DUERO
TORO

130

SPAIN: WHAT DIES GRAN RESERVA ON A LABEL OF RIOJO REFERS TO?

AGING REQUIREMENTS FOR TIME IN BARREL AND BOTTLE

131

PORTUGAL: WHAT IS THE LARGEST DOP WINE REGION

VINHO VERDE

132

PORTUGAL: WHAT ARE THE GRAPE VARIETIES IN VINHO VERDE

LOUREIRO (most planted)
TRAJADURA
ALVARINHO

133

PORTUGAL: DOURO DOP SHARES THE SAME APPELLATION BOUNDARIES AS WHICH WINE

PORT

134

PORTUGAL: VINHO VERDE WHITE WINES CAN BE CHARACTERIZED AS

YOUNG, LOW ALCOHOL, HIGH ACID, SLIGHT EFFERVESCENT

135

PORTUGAL: WHAT DOES “GREEN WINE” MEAN

REFERENCE THE YOUTHFUL NATURE OF THE WINES RECOMMENDING TO DRINK WHILE YOUNG

136

PORTUGAL: WHAT SOIL TYPE ARE THE BEST VINEYARDS PLANTED ON

SCHIST

137

PORTUGAL: WHAT BEST CHARACTERIZES RED WINES FROM DOURO DOP

RICH INTENSE AND FULL BODIED

138

USA: WHAT GOVERNMENTAL BODY CONTROLS THE PRODUCTION AND SALE OF ALCOHOL

TAX TOBACCO AND BEVERAGE TTB

139

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM A COUNTY OR STATE

75%

140

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM AN AVA

85%

141

USA: WHAT ARE THE 5 AVAs OF NAPA VALLEY

CARNEROS
STAGS LEAP DISTRICT
OAKVILLE
RUTHERFORD
HOWELL MOUNTAIN

142

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM AN AVA

85%

143

USA: WHAT ARE THE 6 AVAs OF SONOMA

CARNEROS
SONOMA VALLEY
SONOMA COAST
ALEXANDER VALLEY
RUSSIAN RIVER VALLEY
DRY CREEK VALLEY

144

USA: WHAT ARE THE 3 AVAs OF SANTA BARBARA COUNTY

SANTA MARIA VALLEY
SANTA YNEZ VALLEY
STA. RITA HILLS

145

USA: WHAT IS THE AVA OF OREGON

WILLIAMETTE VALLEY

146

USA: WHAT AFFECTS THE CLIMATE OF COLUMBIA VALLEY AVAs

RAIN SHADOW FROM THE CASCADE MOUNTAINS

147

USA: WILLIAMETTE VALLEY IS BEST KNOWN FOR WHICH GRAPE VARIETY

PINOT NOIR (70% PLANTED)

148

USA: WHAT ARE THE 3 AVAs OF WASHINGTON STATE

COLUMBIA VALLEY
YAKIMA VALLEY
WALLA WALLA VALLEY

149

USA: WHAT ARE THE 4 AVAs OF NEW YORK

FINGER LAKES
HUDSON VALLEY
LONG ISLAND
LAKE ERIE

150

USA: HE IS CREDITED FOR IMPORTING EUROPEAN VINIFERA VINES TO CALIFORNIA

AGOSTON HARASZTHY

151

SOUTH AFRICA: SPARKLING WINE IS NAMED

METHODE CAP CLASSIQUE

152

SOUTH AFRICA: STEEN IS A LOCAL NAME FOR WHAT GRAPE

CHENIN BLANCH

153

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT IS THE HYBRID GRAPES FOR PINOTAGE

PINOT NOIR AND CINSAULT

154

SOUH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE 4 DISTRICTS

STELLENBOSCH
WALKER BAY
PAARL
SWARTLAND

155

SOUTH AFRICA: LIST THE GEOGRAPHICAL ORGIN FROM SMALL TO LARGE

ESTATES
WARDS
DISTRICTS
REGIONS
GEOGRAPHICAL UNITS

156

SOUTH AFRICA:

A STRONG SOUTHEASTERLY WIND THAT HELPS SUPPRESS FUNGAL DISEASE, MODERATES TEMP AND CAN INJURE THE VINES AND DISTURB FLOWERING

CAPE DOCTOR

157

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE AFFECTS OF THE BENGUELA CURRANT

FLOWS NORTH FROM THE ANTARCTICA TO COOL THE COASTAL AREAS

158

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT IS THE KWV

FORMED TO RESCUE THE WINE INDUSTRY FROM DISASTER AFTER THE PHYLLOXERA AND LOSS OF EXPORTS. IT PRODUCED WINE STABILIZED PRICES AND ESTABLISHED QUANTITY OVER QUALITY

159

AUSTRALIA: WHAT ARE THE LARGEST GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS GI

COUNTRY AUSTRALIA
SOUTH-EASTERN AUSTRALIA
STATE OF ORGIN
ZONES
REGIONS
SUB-REGIONS

160

AUSTRALIA: THE BEST VINEYARDS ARE ON A SINGLE 9-MILE STRIP WITH WHAT SOIL

TERRA ROSSA

161

AUSTRALIA: WHAT REGION IS FAMIUS FOR ITS TERRA ROSSA SOIL

COONAWARRA

162

AUSTRALIA: CLARE VALLEY AND EDEN VALLEY ARE NOTED FOR WHAT STYLE WINE

DRY RIESLING

163

AUSTRALIA: WHY DOES THE BAROSSA VALLEY HAVE MANY 100+ YEARS OLD VINES

PREVENTION OF PHYLLOXERA

164

NEW ZEALAND: MARLBOROUGH GRAPE

PINOT NOIR
SAUVIGNON BLANC

165

NEW ZEALAND: CENTRAL OTAGO GRAPE

PINOT NOIR

166

NEW ZEALAND: WHAT DO THE SOUTHERN ALPS PROVIDE

RAIN SHADOW PROTECTING SOUTH ISLAND VINEYARDS AREAS

167

NEW ZEALAND: NORTH ISLAND WINE REGIONS

MARTINBOROUGH
HAWKE’s BAY
GISBORNE
AUCKLAND
WAIRARAPA

168

NEW ZEALAND: SOUTH ISLAND WINE REGIONS

MARLBOROUGH
CENTRAL OTAGO

169

FORTIFIED: WHAT WINE IS MATURED UNDER A KAYER OF FLOR

FINO SHERRY

170

FORTIFIED: WHAT IS A FLOR

FILM OF YEAST (LIKE A PROTECTIVE BLANKET FROM OXIDATION) THAT GROWS ON THE SURFACE OF A MATURING WINE IN A BARREL OF SHERRY THAT HAS NOT BEEN TOPPED OFF ALL THE WAY.

171

FORTIFIED: WHAT PART OF THE VINIFICATION SYSTEM PROCESS THAT SOLERA IS USED FOR

MATURATION

172

FORTIFIED: WHAT GRAPE AND SPOIL COMBINATION PRODUCES THE HIGHEST QUALITY WINE

PALOMINO / ALBARIZA

173

FORTIFIED: FRENCH WINES FORTIFIED DURING FERMENTATION 15-16% ABV. THUS SWEET

VIN DOUX NATUREL

174

FORTIFIED: IDENTIFY THE STYLE OF EACH MADEIRA GRAPE

BOAL - SWEET
MALMSEY - SWEET
SERCIAL - DRY
VERDELHO - DRY

175

FORTIFIED: WHAT PORT STYLE IS SIMPLE, INEXPENSIVE AND A HOUSE BRAND

RUBY

176

FORTIFIED: WHAT SWEET FORTIFIED WINE COMES FROM FRANCE AND MADE WITH GRENACHE GRAPE

BANYULS

177

FORTIFIED: WHAT IS A MAIN GRAPE OF PORT

TOURIGA NACIONAL

178

FORTIFIED: A NEUTRAL GRAPE SPIRIT USED FOR PORT PRODUCTION

AGUARDENTE

179

SWEET: WHAT TWO COUNTRIES ARE FAMOUS FOR ICEWINE PRODUCTION

GERMANY AND CANADA

180

SWEET: THE FAMOUS TOKAJI ASZU IS FROM

HUNGARY

181

SWEET: TBA ON A BOTTLE OF GERMAN RIESLING INDICATES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECTED WINE

182

SWEET: WHAT IS THE MAIN GRAPE VARIETY USED TO MAKE TOKAJI ASZU

FURMINT

183

SWEET: WHAT ARE THE 4 WAYS TO CONCENTRATE SUGAR TO PRODUCE SWEET WINE

NOBLE ROT
LATE HARVEST
DRYING GRAPES
FREEZING GRAPES

184

SWEET: RECIOTO IS AN ITALIAN WORD FOR WHAT TYPE OF WINE

DRIED GRAPES

185

SWEET: BONNEZEAUX IS A BOTRYTIS AFFECTED WINE FROM

LOIRE VALLEY, FRANCE

186

WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS NEEDED TO GROW HEALTHY GRAPES

SUNLIGHT, RAIN, WARM, SOIL NUTRIENTS,

187

WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS NEEDED TO GROW HEALTHY GRAPES

SUNLIGHT, RAIN, WARM, SOIL NUTRIENTS,

188

WHAT IS ICEWINE

DESSERT WINE

189

WHAT GRAPES ARE PRIMARILY USED TO MAKE ICEWINE

RIESLING
VIDAL BLANC
CABERNET FRANC

190

WHAT CONDITION ARE THE GRAPES IN WHEN MAKING ICEWINE

FROZEN

191

WHAT IS THE DAILY MANIFESTATION OF CLIMATE THAT AFFECTS THE VINTAGE VARIATION

WEATHER

192

ICEWINE ORIGINATED WHERE AND WHATS DID THEY CALL IT

GERMANY, RHEINGAU REGION
CALLED EISWEIN

193

FRENCH WORD FOR PUMPING OVER
(EMPTYING FERMENTED MUST FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE TANK THEN PUMPING IT ON TOP)

REMONTAGE

194

LOIRE VALLEY: 4 MAIN REGIONS

PAYS NANTAIS
TOURAINE
ANJOU-SAUMUR
CENTRAL VINEYARDS

195

CHAMPAGNE: HOUSE THAT PURCHASES GRAPES AND BASE WINES FROM GROWERS

NM - NEGOCIANT MANIPULANT

196

CHAMPAGNE: GROWER PRODUCER WHO MAKES CHAMPAGNE FROM ESTATE GROWN FRUIT - 95%

RM - RECOLTANT MANIPULANT

197

CHAMPAGNE: GROWER’S
COOPERATIVE THAT PRODUCES WINE UNDER SINGLE BRAND

CM - COOPERATIVE MANIPULANT

198

CHAMPAGNE: GROWER WHOSE GRAPES ARE VINIFIED ST A COOPERATIVE BUT SELLS THE WINE UNDER HIS OWN LABEL

RC - RECOLTANT COOPERATEUR

199

CHAMPAGNE: A FIRM NOT A COOPERATIVE SET UP BY A UNION OF GROWERS WHO SHARE RESOURCES TO MAKE AND MARKET THEIR WINES

SR - SOCIETE DE RECOLTANTS

200

CHAMPAGNE: A MIDDLEMAN COMPANY THAT DISTRIBUTES CHAMPAGNE IT DID NOT MAKE

ND - NEGOCIANT DISTRIBUTEUR

201

CHAMPAGNE: A BUYER BRAND (SUPERMARKETS) THAT PURCHASES CHAMPAGNE AND SELLS IT UNDER ITS OWN LABEL

MA - MARQUE D’ACHETEUR