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Flashcards in Intro To wine Deck (185):
1

WHAT ARE THREE SOURCES THAT CAN AFFECT A WINE’S FLAVOR?

GRAPE 🍇 FERMENTATION. And MATURATION and AGING

2

WHAT SPECIES OF GRAPES MAKE THE MOST WINE?

VITIS VINIFERA

3

THREE GRAPES THAT HAVE HIGH TANNIN

NEBBIOLO
CAB-SAUVIGNON
SYRAH/SHIRAZ

4

ALL OF THE ELEMENTS THAT CONTRIBUTES TO A DISTINCTIVE TASTE OF A VINEYARD, ITS SOIL, CLIMATE, ELEVATION, EXPOSURE TO SUN ETC.

TERROIR

5

The wine makers measure of sugar in grapes

BRIX

6

MOLD THAT PUNCTURES THE SKIN OF THE GRAPE ALLOWING WATER TO DISSIPATE THAT LEAVES A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF SUGAR AND ACID

BOTRYTIS CINEREA “noble rot”

7

WHAT ARE THE THREE TASTES IN WINE?

SWEET, SOUR and BITTER

8

WHEN WERE THE AOC LAWS FIRST ESTABLISHED

1930s

9

HOW MANY ACRES ARE THERE IN A HECTARE

2.471 acres

10

How many gallons are there in a hectoliter

26.42 gallons

11

Difference in style between a Riesling from Alsace and one from Germany

Alsace Rieslings are dry and Germany Rieslings are sweet

12

Most planted grape in Alsace

RIESLING

13

GRAPE VARIETY FOR SANCERRE AND POUILLY-FUME WINES

SAUVIGNON BLANC

14

GRAPE VARIETY FOR VOUVRAY

CHENIN BLANC

15

TERM FOR WHEN WINE AGES ON ITS LEES OR SEDIMENT

SUR LIE

16

MEANS GRAVEL IN ENGLISH

GRAVES

17

WHICH TWO GRAPES ARE USED MOST IN BORDEAUX WHITE WINES

SAUVIGNON BLANC
SEMILLON

18

NAME THE 9 CLASSIFIED CHATEAUS IN GRAVES

CH-BOUSCAUT
CH-CARBONNIEUX
CH-COUHINS LURTON
DOMAINE DE CHEVALIER
CH-HAUT BRION
CH- BRION
CH-MALARTIC LAGRAVIERE
CH-OLIVIER
CH- SMITH HAUT LAFITTE

19

PRIMARY GRAPE FOR SAUTERNES

SEMILLON

20

THE MAIN REGIONS OF BURGUNDY

CHABLIS
COTE CHALONNAISE
COTE D’OR (Cote de Nuits, Cote de Beaune
MACONNAIS
BEAUJOLAIS

21

THE REGION OF BURGUNDY THAT PRODUCE ONLY WHITE WINE

CHABLIS

22

BURGUNDY: WHICH WINE DOES COTE D’OR PRODUCES, WHITE OR RED

RED

23

QUALITY LEVELS OF BURGUNDY

Regional Appellations
Village Wine
Premier Cru
Grand Cru

24

NAME THE PREMIER CRUS VINEYARDS FOR CHABLIS

COTE DE VAULORENT
FOURCHAUME
LECHET
MONTEE DE TONNERRE
MONTMAINS
MONTS DE MILIEU
VALLION

25

BURGUNDY: WHAT IS THE MAIN GRAPE OF MORGON AOP

GAMAY

26

BURGUNDY: HOW ARE THE VERY BEST VINEYARDS IN THE COTE D’OR DESIGNATED

GRANDS CRUS

27

WHAT IS BURGUNDY’s AOP SYSTEM FROM HIGH QUALITY TO LOWER

GRANDS CRUS 2%
PREMIERS CRUS 12%
VILLAGE WINES 30%
REGIONAL 56%

28

BURGUNDY: NAME THE 7 CHABLIS’ VINEYARDS DESIGNATED AS GRANDS CRUS?

LES CLOS (top)
VAUDESIR
BOUGROS
VALMUR
BLANCHOT
LES PREUSES
GRENOUILLES

29

BURGUNDY: NAME THE 5 MAIN VILLAGES IN COTE CHALONNAISE

BOUZERON
RULLY
MERCUREY
GIVRY
MONTAGNY

30

THE CISTERCIAN MONKS WERE FIRST TO DO WHAT

STUDY THE VINEYARDS TO IDENTIFY SUPERIOR PARCELS THAT WOULD PRODUCE DISTINCTIVE WINES

31

HOW DID THE NAPOLEONS CODE OF INHERITANCE AFFECT THE VINEYARDS OF BURGUNDY

VINEYARDS WERE TAKEN FROM THE CHURCH ND ESTATES WHERE DIVIDED AMONGST MALE HEIRS WHICH FRAGMENTED THE VINEYARD INTO SOMETIMES ROWS.

32

BURGUNDY: A PERSON/COMPANY THAT BUYS GRAPES AND WINE FOR BLENDING AND BOTTLING UNDER THEIR LABEL

NEGOCIANT

33

BURGUNDY: THEY GROW AND PRODUCE THEIR OWN VINEYARD AND AGE AND BOTTLE THEIR OWN WINE.

DOMAINE

34

BURGUNDY: DEFINE COTE

HILLSIDE OR SLOP

35

BURGUNDY: DEFINE CLOS

VINEYARD SURROUNDED BY DRY-STONE WALLS

36

BURGUNDY: VINEYARD OWNED BY ONE COMPANY

MONOPOLE

37

BORDEAUX: WHAT ARE THE FIVE FIRST GROWTHS OF MEDOC

CHATEU
LAFITE-ROTHSCHILD
LATOUR
MOUTON-ROTHSCHILD
MARGAUX
HAUT BRION

38

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF POMEROL

DRY REDS ONLY - MERLOT, CABERNET FRANC.

39

BORDEAUX: THREE CLASSIFICATION LEVELS OF THE CHATEAUX IN SAUTERNES

GRAND PREMIER CRU
PREMIERS CRUS
DEUXIEMES CRUS

40

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT GRAPE VARIETY IN MEDOC

CABERNET SAUVIGNON

41

BORDEAUX: WHAT SOIL IS MORE SUITABLE FOR CABERNET SAUVIGNON,

GRAVEL

42

BORDEAUX: IN WHAT YEAR WERE THE WINES OF MEDOC CLASSIFIED

1855

43

BORDEAUX: CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

COMMUNE - Top Quality
SUB-REGIONAL
REGIONAL

44

BORDEAUX: WHERE IS CHATEAU HAUT-BRION LOCATED

MEDOC

45

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF ENTRE-DEUX-MERS

DRY WHITES

46

BORDEAUX: WHAT GRAPE DOMINATES WINES IN POMEROL

MERLOT

47

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF MARGAUX

DRY REDS - CABERNET SAUVIGNON BLENDS

48

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF PESSAC-LEOGNAN

BOTH DRY REDS AND WHITES. CAB-SAUV, MELROT, CAB-FRANC, SAUVIGNON-BLANC, SEMILLON

49

BORDEAUX: WHICH REGION ONLY PRODUCES DRY WHITE AOP WINES

ENTRE-DEUX-MERS

50

BORDEAUX: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WINE STYLE OF SAUTERNES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECT SWEET WHITES

51

BORDEAUX: WHICH AREA IS BEST KNOWN FOR NOT HAVING A CLASSIFICATION

ENTRE DEUX MERS

52

WHY IS BORDEAUX WINES BETTER KNOWN INTERNATIONALLY THAN OTHER FRENCH WINES?

BECAUSE IT WAS A CENTER OF TRADE WITH EASY ACCESS TO THE ATLANTA OCEAN

53

CHILE: WHAT GRAPE MAKES UP MOST OF THE VINEYARD PLANTINGS IN CHILE

RED GRAPE VARIETIES

54

CHILE: WHAT IS THE LARGEST DO WINE GROWING AREA IN CHILE

VALLE CENTRAL DO

55

CHILE: SAN ANTONIO AND CASABLANCA DOs SHARE THIS TRAIT

COOL CLIMATE REGIONS NEAR THE PACIFIC COAST.

56

CHILE: THE MOST WELL KNOWN GRAPE VARIETY PRODUCED IN MAIPO VALLEY

PINOT NOIR

57

CHILE: THIS BRINGS COOL, MOIST AIR AND FOG TO THE COAST REGIONS

HUMBOLDT CURRENT

58

CHILE: CARMENERE WAS MISTAKE FOR WHICH GRAPE

MERLOT

59

CHILE: CARMENERE IS A GRAPE BROUGHT TO CHILE FROM THE BORDEAUX REGION OF FRANCE

TRUE

60

CHILE: SUB-REGIONS OF THE VALLE CENTRAL DO

RAPEL
MAIPO VALLEY
MAULE VALLEY
CURICO

61

CHILE: WHAT % MUST A WINE HAVE IN ORDER TO BEAR THE NAME OF THE GRAPE VINTAGE OR REGION

75%. (MOST PRODUCERS USE 85% TO ABHERE TO EUROPEAN EXPORT LAW)

62

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY RED GRAPE

MALBEC

63

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PRIMARY WHITE GRAPE VARIETY

TORRONTES

64

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE PROMINENT AREA FOR TORRONTES VARIETAL

PATAGONIA

65

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT FEATURE OF THE SALTA VINEYARDS

HIGHEST ALTITUDE IN THE WORLD FOR VINE PLANTINGS

66

ARGENTINA: A FIERCE WIND FROM THE ANDES

ZONDA

67

ARGENTINA: LUJAN DE CUJO DOC IS LOCATED HERE

MENDOZA

68

ARGENTINA: WHAT IS THE MAJOR HAZARD TO THE VINEYARDS OF MENDOZA

RAIN

69

SOUTH AFRICA: STEEN IS A LOCAL NAME FOR WHAT GRAPE

CHENIN BLANC

70

SOUTH AFRICA: THIS CURRANT COOLS COASTAL VINEYARDS

BENGUELA CURRENT

71

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE DISTRICTS

STELLENBOSCH
PAARL
WALKER BAY
SWARTLAND

72

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT GRAPES GROW IN CHAMPAGNE

CHARDONNAY
PINOT NOIR
MEUNIER

73

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT FLAVORS DOES SUR LIE AGING GIVES CHAMPAGNE

AROMAS AND FLAVORS OF YEAST, AND FRESH BAKED BREAD

74

CHAMPAGNE: IF LABELED BLANC DE BLANCS, WHICH GRAPE VARIETY HAS BEEN USED

CHARDONNAY

75

CHAMPAGNE: WHAT SOIL TYPE IS BEST KNOWN FOR CHAMPAGNE VINEYARDS

CHALK AND LIMESTONE

76

WHAT ITALIAN SPARKLING WINES ARE MADE BY THE TANK/CHARMAT METHOD

PROSECCO (VENETO)
LAMBRUSCO (EMILIA-ROMAGNA)
ASTI (PIEDMONT)

77

WHAT ITALIAN SPARKLING WINES ARE MADE BY THE METHODE CLASSICO

FRANCIACORTA (LOMBARDY)

78

LOIRE VALLEY: WHAT IS THE WINE STYLE OF VOUVRAY

SPARKING, DRY WHITES, AND SWEET WHITES - CHENIN BLANC

79

WHAT MOUNTAIN RANGE PROTECTS ALSACE

VOSGES

80

WHAT TYPE OF WINE IS CREMANT D’ALSACE

SPARKLING

81

WHAT TYPE OF WINE IS “SGN” OR SELECTION DE GRAINS NOBLES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECTED SWEET WINE

82

ALSACE: IF A WINE IS LABELED BY REFERENCE TO A GRAPE IS MUST BE MADE WITH WHAT % FROM THAT GRAPE VARIETY

100%

83

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR COTE-ROTIE

SYRAH AND VIOGNIER

84

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CONDRIEU

VIOGNIER

85

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CHATEAUNEUF-DU-PAPE

GRENACHE

86

NO RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR HERMITAGE BLANC

MARSANNE

87

SO. RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR TAVEL

GRENACHE

88

RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR GIGONDAS

GRENACHE

89

NO. RHÔNE: GRAPE VARIETY FOR CORNAS

SYRAH

90

ITALY: METODO CLASSICO

TRADITIONAL METHOD FOE MAKING SPARKLING

91

ITALY: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT RIVER OF PIEDMONT

PO RIVER

92

ITALY: WHAT IS THE APPASSIMENTO PROCESS

GRAPES HARVESTED AND DRIED, DRIED FRUIT DEVELOPS FLAVOR , WINE FERMENTED DRY AND HIGH ALCOHOL WINE 14-16%

93

ITALY: WHAT WINE IS MADE WITH APPASSIMENTO PROCESS

AMARONE

94

ITALY: WHEN CAN BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO BE SOLD

AFTER THE JANUARY 1ST OF THE 5TH YEAR

95

GERMANY: WHAT IS THE PRADIKAT SYSTEM BASED ON

THE RIPENESS OF THE GRAPES AT HARVEST

96

GERMANY: WHAT IS AN IMPORTANT RIVER IN INE OF GERMANYS REGION

RHINE

97

GERMANY: GG WINES ARE

DRY (TROCKEN)

98

GERMANY: SPATBURGUNDER IS THE GERMAN WORD FOR WHICH GRAPE

PINOT NOIR

99

GERMANY: ORDER THE PRADIKAT BY RIPENESS

TROCKENBERENAUSLESE
EISWEIN
BEERENAUSLESE
AUSLESE
SPATLESE
KABINETT

100

GERMANY: WHAT IS THE PRADIKAT SYSTEM BASED ON

THE RIPENESS OF THE GRAPES AT HARVEST

101

GERMANY: WHAT IS AN IMPORTANT RIVER IN INE OF GERMANYS REGION

RHINE

102

ITALY: WHAT ARE THE DOCGs OF PIEDMONT

BAROLO
BARBARESCO
MOSCATO D’AST. ASTI
BARBERA D ASTI
GAVI
BRACHETTO D ACQUI

103

AUSTRIA: WHAT ARE THE 4 MAJOR WINE REGIONS OF AUSTRIA

NIEDEROSTERREICH
WIEN
BURGENLAND
STYRIA

104

AUSTRIA: WHAT IS THE SIGNATURE WINE GRAPE VARIETY

GRUNER VELTLINER

105

AUSTRIA: WHA STYLE OF WINE IS MAINLY PRODUCED IN AUSTRIA

VERY DRY OR VERY SWEET

106

AUSTRIA: WHAT ARE THE WINE QUALIFICATIONS FOR WACHAU

STEINFEDER
FEDERSPIEL
SMARAGD

107

AUSTRIA: WHAT RIVER IS IMPORTANT TO THE AUSTRIA VITICULTURE

DANUBE RIVER

108

SPAIN: WHAT DO MAKES WINES FROM THE ALBARIÑO GRAPE🍇

RIAS BAIXAS

109

SPAIN: WHAT ARE THE TWO DOCa REGIONS

RIOJA
PRIORAT

110

SPAIN: WHAT STYLE WINE DOES PRIORAT PRODUCE

POWERFUL DRY RED WINES

111

SPAIN: WHAT ASPECT OF TOPOGRAPHY AFFECTS THE CLIMATE OF RIBERA DEL DUERO

STRONG DIURNAL SHIFTS
HOT SUMMERS AND COLD WINTERS
HIGH ELEVATION OF THE MESETA

112

SPAIN: MAIN WHITE GRAPE VARIETY OF RUEDA

VERDEJO

113

SPAIN: WHICH REGIONS GROW THE TEMPRANILLO GRAPE VARIETY

RIOJA
RIBERA DEL DUERO
TORO

114

SPAIN: WHAT DIES GRAN RESERVA ON A LABEL OF RIOJO REFERS TO?

AGING REQUIREMENTS FOR TIME IN BARREL AND BOTTLE

115

PORTUGAL: WHAT IS THE LARGEST DOP WINE REGION

VINHO VERDE

116

PORTUGAL: WHAT ARE THE GRAPE VARIETIES IN VINHO VERDE

LOUREIRO (most planted)
TRAJADURA
ALVARINHO

117

PORTUGAL: DOURO DOP SHARES THE SAME APPELLATION BOUNDARIES AS WHICH WINE

PORT

118

PORTUGAL: VINHO VERDE WHITE WINES CAN BE CHARACTERIZED AS

YOUNG, LOW ALCOHOL, HIGH ACID, SLIGHT EFFERVESCENT

119

PORTUGAL: WHAT DOES “GREEN WINE” MEAN

REFERENCE THE YOUTHFUL NATURE OF THE WINES RECOMMENDING TO DRINK WHILE YOUNG

120

PORTUGAL: WHAT SOIL TYPE ARE THE BEST VINEYARDS PLANTED ON

SCHIST

121

PORTUGAL: WHAT BEST CHARACTERIZES RED WINES FROM DOURO DOP

RICH INTENSE AND FULL BODIED

122

USA: WHAT GOVERNMENTAL BODY CONTROLS THE PRODUCTION AND SALE OF ALCOHOL

TAX TOBACCO AND BEVERAGE TTB

123

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM A COUNTY OR STATE

75%

124

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM AN AVA

85%

125

USA: WHAT ARE THE AVAs OF NAPA VALLEY

CARNEROS
STAGS LEAP DISTRICT
OAKVILLE
RUTHERFORD
HOWELL MOUNTAIN

126

USA: WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % OF GRAPE VARIETY USE IF FROM AN AVA

85%

127

USA: WHAT ARE THE AVAs OF SONOMA

CARNEROS
SONOMA VALLEY
SONOMA COAST
ALEXANDER VALLEY
RUSSIAN RIVER VALLEY
DRY CREEK VALLEY

128

USA: WHAT ARE THE AVAs OF SANTA BARBARA COUNTY

SANTA MARIA VALLEY
SANTA YNEZ VALLEY
STA. RITA HILLS

129

USA: WHAT IS THE AVA OF OREGON

WILLIAMETTE VALLEY

130

USA: WHAT AFFECTS THE CLIMATE OF COLUMBIA VALLEY AVAs

RAIN SHADOW FROM THE CASCADE MOUNTAINS

131

USA: WILLIAMETTE VALLEY IS BEST KNOWN FOR WHICH GRAPE VARIETY

PINOT NOIR (70% PLANTED)

132

USA: WHAT ARE THE AVAs OF WASHINGTON STATE

COLUMBIA VALLEY
YAKIMA VALLEY
WALLA WALLA VALLEY

133

USA: WHAT ARE THE AVAs OF NEW YORK

FINGER LAKES
HUDSON VALLEY
LONG ISLAND
LAKE ERIE

134

USA: HE IS CREDITED FOR IMPORTING EUROPEAN VINIFERA VINES TO CALIFORNIA

AGOSTON HARASZTHY

135

SOUTH AFRICA: SPARKLING WINE IS NAMED

METHODE CAP CLASSIQUE

136

SOUTH AFRICA: STEEN IS A LOCAL NAME FOR WHAT GRAPE

CHENIN BLANCH

137

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT IS THE HYBRID GRAPES FOR PINOTAGE

PINOT NOIR AND CINSAULT

138

SOUH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE DISTRICTS

STELLENBOSCH
WALKER BAY
PAARL
SWARTLAND

139

SOUTH AFRICA: LIST THE GEOGRAPHICAL ORGIN FROM SMALL TO LARGE

ESTATES
WARDS
DISTRICTS
REGIONS
GEOGRAPHICAL UNITS

140

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT IS THE CAPE DOCTOR

A STRONG SOUTHEASTERLY WIND THAT HELPS SUPPRESS FUNGAL DISEASE, MODERATES TEMP AND CAN INJURE THE VINES AND DISTURB FLOWERING

141

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT ARE THE AFFECTS OF THE BENGUELA CURRANT

FLOWS NORTH FROM THE ANTARCTICA TO COOL THE COASTAL AREAS

142

SOUTH AFRICA: WHAT IS THE KWV

FORMED TO RESCUE THE WINE INDUSTRY FROM DISASTER AFTER THE PHYLLOXERA AND LOSS OF EXPORTS. IT PRODUCED WINE STABILIZED PRICES AND ESTABLISHED QUANTITY OVER QUALITY

143

AUSTRALIA: WHAT IS THE LARGEST GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS GI

COUNTRY AUSTRALIA
SOUTH-EASTERN AUSTRALIA
STATE OF ORGIN
ZONES
REGIONS
SUB-REGIONS

144

AUSTRALIA: THE BEST VINEYARDS ARE ON A SINGLE 9-MILE STRIP WITH WHAT SOIL

TERRA ROSSA

145

AUSTRALIA: WHAT REGION IS FAMIUS FOR ITS TERRA ROSSA SOIL

COONAWARRA

146

AUSTRALIA: CLARE VALLEY AND EDEN VALLEY ARE NOTED FIR WHAT STYLE WINE

DRY RIESLING

147

AUSTRALIA: WHY DOES THE BAROSSA VALLEY HAVE MANY 100+ YEARS OLD VINES

PREVENTION OF PHYLLOXERA

148

NEW ZEALAND: MARLBOROUGH

SAUVIGNON BLANC

149

NEW ZEALAND: CENTRAL OTAGO

PINOT NOIR

150

NEW ZEALAND: WHAT DO THE SOUTHERN ALPS PROVIDE

RAIN SHADOW PROTECTING SOUTH ISLAND VINEYARDS AREAS

151

NEW ZEALAND: NORTH ISLAND WINE REGIONS

MARTINBOROUGH
HAWKE’s BAY
GISBORNE
AUCKLAND
WAIRARAPA

152

NEW ZEALAND: SOUTH ISLAND WINE REGIONS

MARLBOROUGH
CENTRAL OTAGO

153

FORTIFIED: WHAT WINE IS MATURED UNDER A KAYER OF FLOR

FINO SHERRY

154

FORTIFIED: WHAT IS A FLOR

FILM OF YEAST (LIKE A PROTECTIVE BLANKET FROM OXIDATION) THAT GROWS ON THE SURFACE OF A MATURING WINE IN A BARREL OF SHERRY THAT HAS NOT BEEN TOPPED OFF ALL THE WAY.

155

FORTIFIED: WHAT PART OF THE VINIFICATION SYSTEM PROCESS THAT SOLERA IS USED FOR

MATURATION

156

FORTIFIED: WHAT GRAPE AND SPOIL COMBINATION PRODUCES RHE HIGHEST QUALITY WINE

PALOMINO / ALBARIZA

157

FORTIFIED: FRENCH WINES FORTIFIED DURING FERMENTATION 15-16% ABV. THUS SWEET

VIN DOUX NATUREL

158

FORTIFIED: IDENTIFY THE STYLE OF EACH MADEIRA GRAPE

MALMSEY - SWEET
SERCIAL - DRY
VERDELHO - DRY
BOAL - SWEET

159

FORTIFIED: WHAT PORT STYLE IS SIMPLE, INEXPENSIVE AND A HOUSE BRAND

RUBY

160

FORTIFIED: WHAT SWEET FORTIFIED WINE COMES FROM FRANCE AND MADE WITH GRENACHE GRAPE

BANYULS

161

FORTIFIED: WHAT IS A MAIN GRAPE OF PORT

TOURIGA NACIONAL

162

FORTIFIED: AGUARDENTE IS DEFINED AS

NEUTRAL GRAPE SPIRIT USED FOR PORT PRODUCTION

163

SWEET: WHAT TWO COUNTRIES ARE FAMOUS FOR ICEWINE PRODUCTION

GERMANY AND CANADA

164

SWEET: THE FAMOUS TOKAJI ASZU IS FROM

HUNGARY

165

SWEET: TBA ON A BOTTLE OF GERMAN RIESLING INDICATES

BOTRYTIS-AFFECTED WINE

166

SWEET: WHAT IS THE MAIN GRAPE VARIETY USED TO MAKE TOKAJI ASZU

FURMINT

167

SWEET: WHAT ARE THE 4 WAYS TO CONCENTRATE SUGAR TO PRODUCE SWEET WINE

NOBLE ROT
LATE HARVEST
DRYING GRAPES
FREEZING GRAPES

168

SWEET: RECIOTO IS AN ITALIAN WORD FOR WHAT TYPE OF WINE

DRIED GRAPES

169

SWEET: BONNEZEAUX IS A BOTRYTIS AFFECTED WINE FROM

LOIRE VALLEY, FRANCE

170

BEER: WHAT ARE THE PRIMARY INGREDIENTS FOR BEER

WATER
YEAST
HOPS
MALT

171

BEER: HOPS DOES WHAT TO. BEER

GIVES BITTERNESS TO BALANCE THE SWEET, PROVIDES AROMAS/FLAVORS, ACTS AS A PRESERVATIVE

172

BEER: WHAT IS MALT IN BEER

GERMINATED BARLEY THAT PROVIDES SUGAR NEEDED FOR FERMENTATION

173

BEER: WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN ALE

STOUT

174

BEER: WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF A LAGER

PILSNER

175

BEER: WHAT ARE THE TWO BASIC CATEGORIES FOR BEER BASED ON YEAST

ALE AND LAGER

176

BEER: WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ALES

TOP FERMENTING YEAST
FERMENTS QUICKLY AT WARM TEMPS
MORE FRUITY AROMAS AND FLAVORS

177

BEER: WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LAGER

BOTTOM FERMENTING YEAST
FERMENTS SLOWLY AT COOL TEMPS
SUBTLE, CRISP AND CLEAN FLAVORS

178

SAKE: WHAT IS KOJI-KIN

A FUNGUS USED TO CONVERT STARCHES TO SUGAR IN SAKE RICE

179

SAKE: WHAT TYPE OF SAKE IS NAMAZAKE

UNPASTEURIZED

180

SAKE: WHAT TYPE OF SAKE IS NIGORI

UNFILTERED

181

SAKE: WHAT DOES JUNMAI ON A LABEL MEANS

PURE RICE SAKE - JUST RICE WATER YEAST AND KOJI-KIN

182

SAKE: HONJOZO

A SMALL AMOUNT OF ALCOHOL ADDED AT THE END OF FERMENTATION - 30% MILLED GRAIN

183

SAKE: GINJO

40% GRAINS MILLED

184

SAKE: DAIGINJO

JUNMAI DAIGINGO IS THE HIGHEST GRADE OF SAKE

185

LOIRE VALLEY: 4 MAIN REGIONS

PAYS NANTAIS
TOURAINE
ANJOU-SAUMUR
CENTRAL VINEYARDS