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The Human Cell > Introduction to Cell Biology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to Cell Biology Deck (63)
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1

What does the prefix cyto and the suffix -cyte refer to?

Both mean a hollow vessel referring to cells

2

What is the term given to the study of cells?

Cytology

3

What is the process of a substance moving into a cell referred to as?

Endocytosis

4

What is the process of a substance moving out of a cell referred to as?

Exocytosis

5

What is the term given to cell chemistry?

Cytochemistry

6

What would a liver cell be referred to as?

A hepatocyte

7

Cells are small units bound by a...

Plasma membrane (or cell wall)

8

Cells contain an aqueous fluid called

cytosol

9

Cells contain chemicals in the

cytoplasm

10

Cells have structural support due to the

cytoskeleton

11

Cells have membrane bound

organelles

12

Where do cells sit on the spectrum of life?

Atom, molecule, organelle, CELL, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism

13

Cells are the smallest

living entity

14

Some organisms can be

unicellular

15

What is a prion?

The term "prion" is derived from proteinacious infectious particle and refers to the pathogen that causes mad cow disease

16

What is the the actual name for mad cow disease?

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

17

All living organisms have to harness

energy

18

All living organisms have to res...

Respire

19

All living organisms have to grow and

develop

20

All living organisms have to rep

reproduce

21

What is the theory of biogenesis

all life comes from pre-existing life

22

All living organisms have to respond to

stimuli

23

How do cells 'eat' and 'drink'?

Eat - phagocytosis
Drink - pinocytosis

24

Cells can get larger, what is this termed?

Hypertrophy

25

Cells can divide/proliferate, what is this termed?

Hyperplasia

26

Hyperplasia can be associated with disease, give an example

Prostate hyperplasia

27

Muscle cells may undergo this process with exercise

Hypertrophy

28

There are 37 trillion cells in the human body, around how many different types are there?

210

29

Cell proliferation occurs in two ways

Mitosis and meiosis

30

What does somatic mean?

Of the body