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Flashcards in isms Deck (25)
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1

humanism

-philosophy that defined the renaissance
-admired the ancient civilization
-believed in enjoying life
-glorified humans and individuals
-believed that humans should be center of all including participating in public affairs and government

2

lutheranism/ protestantism

-justification by faith
-bible is sole authority
-people dont need clergy to interpret bible because they arent better than normal people
-consubstantiation
-ceremonies not in latin anymore

3

mechanism

-scientific revolution
-belief that people should wonder how things work not why

4

empiricism

-scientific revolution
-advocated by Francis Bacon
-believed in inductive reasoning

5

rationalism

-scientific revolution
-advocated by Descartes
-deductive reasoning

6

Cartesian dualism

-enlightenment
-descartes's belief that there is a divide between religion and science

7

romanticism

-believed that humans are unique
-emphasis on emotion
-humans are inferior to nature and cannot be controlled by it

8

liberalism

-universal laws of nature
-stressed reason over emotion
-humans can be understood through natural laws

9

conservatism

-justified status quo
-defended tradition and hierarchy
-humans couldnt believe anything

10

political liberalism

-social, progress, economic development and the middle class
-hoped to achieve a free society governed by constitution that supported individual rights

11

economic liveralism

-always supported by laissez faire
-applied supply and demand

12

utilitarianism

-stressed role of state in society
-called for reform

13

socialism

-despised competitive spirit (econ)
-wanted society for people to live harmoniously

14

utopian socialism

-wanted a community where everyone worked together to help each other

15

marxism

-attacked liberalism
-followed by socialists

16

democratic socialism

-proletariat should take power through the democratization of government

17

syndicalism

-advocated strikes and violence

18

anarchism

-hated all forms of established authorites

19

realpolitik

-bismarcks political actions/regime
-used war to create german unification

20

capitalism

-economic policy of competition to increase wealth

21

mercantilism

-the policy of using colonies overseas for trade
-used gold and silver as money
-colonies supply mother country with raw materials

22

imperialism

-belief that more pwerful nations should police weaker nations

23

fascism

-super reactionary
-demanded blind patriotism
-ignored individual rights instead thinking fo the welfare of the state
-liked violence

24

totalitarianism

-describes the policy of stalin
-COMPLETE control

25

nationalism

-a shared regional and cultural identiry
-movement towards modernization
-liberal- wated all nations to be unified and equal and led by people
-militaristic- associated with realpolitik and social darwinism- nations are not equal