Japanese JLPT N2 文法 7 Flashcards Preview

Japanese JLPT N2 文法 > Japanese JLPT N2 文法 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Japanese JLPT N2 文法 7 Deck (24):


"without care/worry"
- without worrying about...

Usage: Nもかまわず・Vるのもかまわず

Note: cannot be used with volitional statements



"despite" - despite...

Usage: V/A/na/Nにもかかわらず

ex) Aにも関わらずB → 関係なく



"whether or not"/"regardless of"
- whether or not (condition)... or, regardless of (condition)....

Usage: Vる・Vない・Aい・Aくない・N にかかわらず

Can also use 「にかかわりなく」



"regardless of"
- used when there is no question or thought about importance of a particular aspect.

Usage: Nを問わず (NOUN ONLY)

ex) 経験の有無をとわず、募集。
- we are accepting applications regardless of experience.



Similar to using や to list things, but there is a feeling of clutter/dirtiness because of everything listed.

Usage: N/A/na/V やら

ex) 机の上は本やらノートやらでいっぱいだ。
- the desk is covered with books, notebooks, and so on.



Used to list examples that fulfil a condition, preceding and related to the main point of the sentence.

Usage: Vるにつけ・Aいにつけ

ex) いいにつけ悪いにつけ、子は親に似る。
- Children learn good and bad habits from their parents.



"regardless of"/"whether or not"

Usage: V/A/na/Nにしろ・V/A/na/Nにせよ

ex) 行くにしろ行かないにしろ、連絡してください。
- regardless of whether you go or don't go, please contact me.



Used when explaining two things that meet the same criterion. The word preceeding ば/なら is repeated after the 2nd も

N2もV/A/na/N ば N2 もV/A/na/N
N2もV/A/na/N なら N2 もV/A/na/N

ex) 彼は勉強もできればスポーツもできる。
- He is good academically AND in sports.



Indicates a general trend (how something is supposed to be).
Indicates a hope 「希望」.
Used when giving advice.

Usage: Vる/ない・Aい/くない・naな/じゃない ものだ

Informal usage → ~もんだ



"....shouldn't be done" or "you shouldn't...."

Usage: Vるものではない

Informal usage → ~もんじゃない



Used to express what is a usual thought about something. 「普通に考えれば~」

Usage: Vる・na・N というものだ

ex) 今日中にこれを全部終わらせるのは無理というものだ。
= It is impossible to finish this all today. (based on reasonable person's thoughts)



"I will not" or "I do not" or "I am not"

Usage: Vる・Aい・naな・Nな ものか

Also, 「~もんか」「~ものですか」「~もんですか」



"in the area of"
- literally means, "right at the heart/center of"

Usage: Nを中心に

Also, 「~を中心にして」「~を中心にした」



"As a sign of" "to signify"
- used for non-physical offerings

Usage: Nをこめて

ex) 愛をこめて、カードを贈る。
- send a card with love (as a sign of love)



"through" (a means of knowing something, or doing something)

Usage: Nを通じて Nをとうじて

ex) 友人を通じて彼と知り合った。
- I met him through a friend.



"with the help of" or "assisted by"

Usage: Nを頼りにV

Also, 「~を頼りにして」「~を頼りとして」



"there is a risk that..."

Usage: Vる・Nの 恐れがある



Used when the speaker is expressing their opinion about an aspect of something.

Usage: Vる・Aい・naな ものがある

ex) 満員電車で毎日通勤するのはつらいものがある。
(I feel) It is hard commuting on a packed train every day.



"Just because there is x, does not mean y is true"
- used to show that one condition does not validate another (mainly for common beliefs/thoughts).

Usage: V・Aければ~というものでもない
Also → N・naなら~というものでもない

ex) 何でも多ければいいというものでもない
- not everything is good in excess



"I wish I could fix the problem of..."
Used when the situation seems impossible to change/fix, but there is a feeling of wanting to fix it/hoping it could be fixed. Changing the situation is beyond the speaker's ability.

Usage: どうにか・なんとか・もう少し Vないもの(だろう)か
Also, → ~Vれないもの(だろう)か



"is based on"
- used to describe the basis for the resulting outcome. x is based on y

Usage: Nをもとに

Also → Nをもとにして



"due to" or "because of"
Same as 「~なので」or「~のため」but formal.

Usage: Nにつき



"due to" or "because of"
- when something changes because of a new condition that was not present previously.

Usage: N・Vるの・Vたの きっかけに

Also → 「~を契機に」 (same meaning, but formal)



"at the time of"
same as 「時」

Usage: Nの・V際に