Japanese JLPT N2 文法 6 Flashcards Preview

Japanese JLPT N2 文法 > Japanese JLPT N2 文法 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Japanese JLPT N2 文法 6 Deck (24):


Since ...

Usage: N / Vて / それ / あれ



Now that ...

Usage: V(普) / Nである

Feeling of definitely wanting to do something. i.e. Now that x has happened, I definitely want y. Same as 「~からには」



Since ...

Usage: Vるからには / Vたからには

Feeling of definitely wanting to do something, or that something must definitely be done because of a past action. Same as 「~からには」



When / ~ときには [FORMAL]

Usage: Vる / Vた / Nの
Same as saying, when x happens, or, at the time of x.....



From the perspective of ...

Usage: Nから 言うと ・ 言えば

Same as 「~からすると」and 「~から見ると」



From the perspective of/Judging from ...

Usage: Nから すると ・ すれば ・ いって

Same as 「~から言うと」and 「~から見ると」



From the perspective of ...

Usage: Nから 見ると ・ 見れば ・ 見て ・ 見ても

Same as 「~からすると」and 「~から言うと」



Based on ...

Usage: N からして (AからしてB)

Used to make inferences. for example, if A is true, B is probably similarly true.



Just because....

Usage: V/A/na/N(普) からといって ・ からって

Just because x, doesn't necessarily mean y is true.



Unless ...

Usage: Vてからで ないと ・ なければ

Unless x happens, y is not possible. (x is a prerequisite for y)



From ..... to ..... [FORMAL]

Usage: N1 から N2にかけて

Same as using から/まで, but can only be used with time or place.



When it comes to ...

Usage: Nに/NのAさに/Nのnaさに
かけては ・ かけても

(Of all the people that can do x, this person/group is the best) Used to explain skill, ability, technique, etc



I heard/hear that...

Usage: V/A/na/N(普) とか

when unsure if it is actually true, but it is what you have heard.


~まい ( 1 )

I have decided ....

Usage: Vるまい

Subject is usually the speaker. Same grammar as 「~つもりだ」


~まい ( 2 )

... won't be able to ....

Usage: Vるまい

Subject is usually someone else. Used to show lack of faith in possibility/reality.



.... whether to or not ....

Usage: VようかVるまいか

Used when unsure of whether or not to do something. Same verb used twice.



Feeling that an event is already decided or a particular outcome is the only possible outcome.

Usage: V/A/na/N(普) に決めている ・ 違いない ・ 相違ない(そういない)



... (despite x being true) there is a possibility of x not happening.

Usage: V/A/na/N(普) とは限らない

Same meaning as 決めていない (Inverse of 決めている)



There is nothing left to do but....
All I can do now is....

Usage: Vる(より) ほかない・ほかはない

Note: can also be used for positive things, e.g. (due to x) I couldn't help but...



Used when something has become clear/obvious.

Usage: Nにほかならない

- e.g. Aにほかならない = 絶対Aだから
"obviously/definitely due to A"
Also can be conjugated using から
- e.g.彼が頑張ったからにほかならない。



Used when talking about things of a certain category, with the first object being the most typical example.

Usage: Nをはじめ・はじめとして・はじめとするN

- e.g. 会議には中国をはじめ、アジアの国々が参加した。



Like 「ついて」however, it is used in context where there is ongoing debate with different people and different opinions involved.

Usage: Nをめぐって・NをめぐるN



Same as particle 「で」but more formal. Used when talking about a place 「場所」, a time 「時」, or a topic 「~ついて」.

Usage: Nにおいて



Same as particle 「で」but can only be used when referring to a place 「場所」or a method 「方法」.

Usage: Nにて