Jeopard for Exam 2: Chapters 6 and 7 Flashcards Preview

Paramedic Lecture: 1rst Semester > Jeopard for Exam 2: Chapters 6 and 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Jeopard for Exam 2: Chapters 6 and 7 Deck (49):
1

Magnesium sulfate is derived from this type of drug source:

Mineral source

2

The Na-K pump is a common example of this transport mechanism:

Active transport

3

The most commonly administered prehospital anti-cholinergic:

Atropine

4

Diazepam injection, USP is an example of this type of name of a medication:

The official name

5

The 2 main types of ACh receptors are:

Nicotinic and muscarinic

6

Legislation that was passed in 1906 that had an effect on pharmacology:

The Pure Food and Drug act

7

Drugs that are useful in treating various diseases that never reach the market:

Orphan drugs

8

Legislation that passed in 1914 that had an effect on pharmacology:

Harrison Narcotic Act

9

Extracellular fluid can be further divided into these 2 divisions:

Intravascular and interstitial

10

The largest fluid compartment in the body:

Intracellular

11

Solubility, pH, concentration, and bioavailability all affect:

Drug absorption

12

Sodium Bicarbonate when administered will cause pH to shift this direction:

Up (Alkalotic)

13

The 2 division of the peripheral nervous system:

Somatic and autonomic

14

Glucose travels across cell membranes via this transportation mechanism:

Facilitated Diffusion

15

Legislation that was passed in 1970 that had an effect on pharmacology:

Controlled Substance Act

16

Another name for parasympatholitics:

Anticholinergics

17

A .45% NaCI solution is this tonicity in relation to normal body fluid:

Hypotonic

18

Drugs used to clean skin in preparation for medication delivery that are not toxic to tissue:

Antiseptic

19

Stimulation of the parasympathetic division of the nervous system will cause these effects on the Cardiac, GI, and pulmonary systems:

Decreased heart rate, Increased contractility, GI excretions

20

What are the four phases of pharmacokinetics?

Absorption
Distribution
Metabolized (Biotransformation)
Excretion

21

The 4 typtes of adrenergic receptors:

Alpha 1 and 2, Beta 1 and 2

22

The most commonly used alpha/beta sympathetic agonist in emergency medicine:

Epinephrine

23

Administration of a drug via the GI tract is:

Enternal

24

The study of a drugs effects on the body:

Pharmacodynamics

25

To which drug classification does Digoxin (Lanoxin) belong and what is the width of its therapeutic index?

Cardiac Glycoside; Narrow width

26

These are the preferred pharmacological treatments for a patient in Diabetic Ketoacidosis:

Normal Saline fluid and sodium bicarbonate

27

This is the most important question you should ask your patient before giving any medication:

Do you have any allergies?

28

Name the anticonvulsant that increases the action of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the brain:

Phenobarbital (Laminal)

29

The EMS drug is the platelet aggregation inhibitory and anti-inflammatory:

Aspirin

30

Name at least 2 fibrinolytics:

Streptokinase, Eminase, and Reteplase, and Alteplase

31

This Beta 2 agonist may also be given as a tocolytic (Tocolytics relax smooth muscle in the uterus) to a patient in early labor and what route is it given?

Terbutaline 2.5 mg SQ

32

To which classification does D50@ belong and what is the usual adult dose and route for hypoglycemia?

Carbohydrate; 25 grams IV

33

This is another name of Vitamin B1 and the reason it is given:

Thiamine: Alchoholism, DT's, Coma of unknown origin

34

This is the classification of Ipratropium (Atrovent)

Anticholinergic

35

This is the generic name of Solu-medrol and the reason it is given

Methoprednisolone:
Anti-inflammatory; spinal cord injury, anaphylaxis, asthma, and COPD exacerbation

36

The most commonly administered sodium-channel blocker; given for life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias:

Lidocain

37

This drug, given at 10-20ug/kg/min, will have positive alpha and beta effects on a patient:

Dopamine

38

Name the most commonly carried nonsteriidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) agent in the EMS field:

Ketorolac (Toradol)

39

Name three Beta 2 agonists commonly given in the field:

Albuterol, alupent, and terbutalene

40

This is the classification of Glucagon:

Hormone or anti-hypoglycemic

41

This si the standard dose and route of diazepam (Valium for seizing adult patients:

5-10 mg IV

42

These are the 2 types of receptors into sympathetic nervous system and their effects on the body:

Adrenergic and dopaminergic receptors; sympathetic response

43

These 2 drugs are often given in the treatments of sever organophosphate poisoning:

Atropine and 2 pam

44

This is the name, preferred concentration, route and dose of mediation five to an adult patient experiencing a sever asthmatic attack:

Epinephrine, 1:1000 SQ .2 mg

45

This is the most commonly given potassium-channel blocker for ventricular fibrillation?

Amiodarone

46

This is the trade name of Midaolam?

Versed

47

To which classification does Phenytoin (Dilantin) belong?

Anticonvulsant and Antidysrhythmic

48

Beta cells in the Islets of Langerhans secret this anti hyperglycemic hormone:

Insulin

49

This sympathetic agonist medication is preferred in the treatment of CHF when an increased cardiac output, without an increased cardiac rat is desired?

Dobutamine (Dobutrex)