Flashcards in Test 1 Jeopardy Deck (52)
A diabetic patient is unresponsive as hot, dry skin and rapid respirations. You should suspect which acid/base derangement?
The largest fluid compartment in the body is?
What causes the cells to become specialized?
What is the movement of water from one area of higher water concentration to an area of lower water concentration?
What compound if formed by the combination of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate ions?
What are the structures that perform specific functions within the cell?
What is diffusion?
The movement of a substance of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
What anion plays a major role in fluid balance and renal function?
What is the normal range of pH in the human body?
7.35 – 7.45
What movement mechanism moves a substance across the cell membrane against a concentration gradient and requires energy?
What occurs when fluid is forced through a membrane from high-pressure on one side?
What pressure is exerted by large protein particles?
Oncotic Force, or Colloid Osmotic Pressure
What are the two most commonly carried isotonic prehospital solutions?
Lactated Ringers, and Normal Saline
What is the term for abnormally high potassium levels?
What is the most prevalent extracellular ion?
.45 % NaCI solution is what tonicity in relation to normal body fluid?
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Cardiac, skeletal, and smooth.
What are the seven major functions of cells?
3) Metabolic Absorption
What are four major cations found inside the body?
Sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
What are three systems the body uses to adjust pH?
The buffer system, the respiratory system, and the renal system.
What fluid phenomenon can be localized or systemic?
Which direction will pH shift when sodium bicarbonate is administered?
What organelle converts nutrients into energy (ATP)?
Extracellular fluid can be divided into what two divisions?
Interstitial fluid, and intravascular fluid
What ion plays a major role in muscle contraction as well as nervous impulse transmission?
What type of immunity is short-term is provided by T lymphocytes?
Cell mediated immunity
What two types of body reflexes assists in adjusting and maintaining perfusion?
Baroreceptor and Chemoreceptor Reflexes
What are the body's three lines of defense against disease in order?
Anatomic barriers, the inflammatory response, and the immune response.
What are the symptoms of blood transfusion reactions?
Fever, chills, hives, flushing of the skin, hypotension, tachycardia, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, headache, loss of consciousness, and palpitations.