KKDP : 2 Classical Conditioning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in KKDP : 2 Classical Conditioning Deck (16):

5 key terms in relation to classical conditioning

Neutral Stimulus (NS)

Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)

Unconditioned response (UCR)

Conditioned stimulus (CS)

Conditioned response (CR)


Define Classical conditioning

a type of learning that occurs through repeated associations of 2 (or more) different stimuli


Major psychologist

Ivan Pavlov and john watson



The overall process during which an organism learns to associate 2 events (UCS and CS)



The gradual decrease in the strength or rate of a CR that occurs when the UCS is no longer presented


Spontaneous recovery

is the reappearance of a CR when the CS is presented following a rest period

response not as strong, and extinguishes faster


Stimulus Generalisation

when other stimulus similar to the CS also trigger the CR at a reduced level


Stimulus Discrimination

when only the CS triggers the CR


What is graduated exposure

involves progressive exposure to increasingly similar stimuli (to the CS) that produce the fear response (CR) that requires extinction


what is establishes in graduated exposure?

Fear heirachy with the client


steps involved in graduated exposure

1) Fear heirachy in order of least to most frightening

2) step by step the client is exposed to each of these stimuli, starting at the least frightening

3) They may be taught techniques such as breathing, relaxation


what is flooding

Involves bringing the client into direct contact with the anxiety or fear producing stimulus (CS) and keeping them in contact with it until the CR is extinguished

After continuing exposure to the conditioned stimulus, but never again pairing it with the UCS the fear response will be extinguished


Aversion therapy

form of behaviour therapy that applies classical conditioning processes to inhibit or discourage undesirable behaviour by associating it with an aversive stimulus


What is trial and error learning?

involves learning by trying alternative possibilities until the desired outcome is achieved


What was edward thorndike's experiment?

hungry cat in box

outside a fish was just out of reach

lever could be pressed to open box

cat randomly scratched box and accidentally pushed level

cat became quicker at getting fish

eventually learned to press lever immediately

each trial after becomes quicker and quicker


Instrumental learning

refers to the process through which an organism learns the association between the behaviour and its consequence