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Flashcards in Korean War Deck (10):
1

Korean history until 1950?

-Japan control 1905-1945
-split at the 38th parallel at the end of WW2 with Russian forces in north and American in South
-north: kim il Sung (communist)
-south: Syngman Rhee (capitalist)

2

What was the result of Rhee's unpopularity?

April 1950 elections
People in south voted for unification with north

3

When and why did the north invade?

25 June 1950
The Russians told them to unite Korea by force

4

What was the US reaction to the northern invasion?

-extremely worried as China had recently become a communist state and the USSR had nuclear weapons
-Truman ordered US forces (led by General MacArthur) to help South Korea

5

How did the UN get involved?

Truman asked for UN support
It was granted because USSR were boycotting UN and couldn't use it's vito

6

What was the situation with the south counterattack? (After the north invaded in 1950)

-September 1950 started (with only area around Pusan)
-1 October pushed back to 38th parallel
-7 October pushed further to Yalu River (no longer containing communism)

7

What was the situation with the Chinese attack? (When the south reached the Yalu river)

-End of October 1950: Chinese attacked after giving the US a warning
-November: south forces retreated

8

What was the situation with macarthurs attack against the Chinese?

-25 November: attack went wrong + forces destroyed
1 January- Chinese crossed 38th parallel
4 January- they took Seoul

9

How did MacArthur fall?

-December 1950: he wanted atomic bombs and cut off supplies in war
-March 1951: made public statement against Truman
-April 1951: Truman angry

10

How did end of hostilities develop?

-summer 1951: stalemate reached
-1952: Eisenhower elected
-27th July 1953: he ended war