Flashcards in League of Nations Failure Deck (13):
Why did the League fail to enforce disarmament? (Britain)
-Led the argument for not abolishing bombers
-Was patronising to Germany in negotiations
-thought TofV was unfair
-Anglo-German naval agreement (1935) allowed Germany to increase the size of the navy beyond limits of TofV
Why did the League fail to enforce disarmament? (Germany)
-Wanted to rearm
-Unfair that they had more limitations
-Walked out of disarmament conference
-Hitler began to rearm Germany + make war based speeches
-Walked out of League
Why did the League fail to enforce disarmament? (France)
-Led argument for no limitations on tank size
-Began rearming because the were worried about Hitler's rise to power
Explain the invasion of Manchuria
-In 1931 Japanese claimed that Chinese soldiers had sabotaged the South Manchurian railway
-they overran Manchuria and threw out chinese forces
-Japan set up puppet government and bombed Shanghai in 1932
Explain the response + effects of the invasion of Manchuria
-When China appealed to the League for help, Japan argued that they acted in self-defence. --The league reported (after taking a year to arrive in Manchuria) that Manchuria should be returned to china
-All 43 countries except Japan voted in favour of the report + Japan resigned from the League in anger
-Japan ignored the report and there was no league army to stop them
-They invaded Jehol one week later
-No standing army to remove forces (and Br + Fr had colonies in close proximity to Japan so didn't want to cause anger)
Why was Mussolini interested in Abyssinia?
-Personal glory and propaganda
-Revenge for the 1896 Adowa defeat
-Economic reasons: agriculture + minerals
-Distract Italians from economic depression
How did the Abyssinian incident begin?
-Dispute between Italian + Ethiopian soldiers
-Mussolini claimed that Wal-wal was Italian territory
-He demanded an apology for the Ethiapian soldiers attacking first (when really Itaians did)
-He prepared an army for invasion of Abyssinia
-The emperor Haile Selassi appealed to the League for help
What caused Britain and France to take a tougher stance with Abyssina?
-Public outcry against Italy
-Majorirty of British wanted to defend Abyssinia
-Politicians needed to keep citizens happy for popularity - autumn elections were close
What was the Leagues proposal regarding Abyssinia and how did Mussolini react?
4th Septemper 1935- League proposed that they would give Musslini some of Abyssinia
Leagues actions regarding Italy's punishment for invasion of Abyssinia?
-Ban on arms sales to Italy
-Ban on loans
-Ban on all imports from Italy
-Ban on exports to Italy of rubber, tin and other metals
-France insisted on giving Mussolini 2/3 Abyssinia for calling off the invasion.
League non actions regarding Italy's punishment for invasion of Abyssinia?
-Did not immediately ban oil exports to Italy - risks economy of League members + America wouldnt support sanctions
-The Suez Canal (owned by Br + Fr) was not closed to Mussolini's supply ships because they feared war with Italy
How did Mussolini obtain Abyssina?
What were the international consequences?
-Hitler marches troops into Rhineland
-French desperate for support of Italy (prepared to give Abyssinia to Mussolini)
-Haile Selassie forced into exile
-Mussolini captures Abyssinia
-Mussolini + Hitler signed an agreement (Rome-Berlin)