L14- Tackling issues (Problems,Solutions) Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary For IELTS Advanced - Cambridge > L14- Tackling issues (Problems,Solutions) > Flashcards

Flashcards in L14- Tackling issues (Problems,Solutions) Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

dilemma

a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two different things you could do:
The President is clearly in a dilemma about/over how to tackle the crisis.

2

setback


minor ~

something that happens which delays or prevents a process from advancing:
Sally had been recovering well from her operation, but yesterday she experienced/suffered a setback.
There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.

3

predicament
/prɪˈdɪk.ə.mənt/


current ~

an unpleasant situation which is difficult to get out of:
She is hoping to get a loan from her bank to help her out of her financial predicament.
I'm in a bit of a predicament because I've accidentally accepted two invitations to dinner on the same night
مخمصه ،حالت ،وضع نامساعد،وضع خطرناک

4

hurdle
obstacle

major hurdle

PROBLEM
a problem that you have to deal with before you can make progress:
Getting a work permit was the first hurdle to overcome.
The cost of this exercise is proving a major hurdle.

5

controversy

causing disagreement or discussion:
a controversial issue/decision/speech/figure
The book was very controversial.

6

challenge

significant ~

A challenge is something new and difficult which requires great effort and determination.
I like a big challenge and they don't come much bigger than this...
The new government's first challenge is the economy.

7

catastrophe

a bad situation:
The emigration of scientists is a catastrophe for the country.

8

disaster

great harm, damage or death, or serious difficulty:
An inquiry was ordered into the recent rail disaster (= a serious train accident).
It would be a disaster for me if I lost my job.
This is one of the worst natural disasters ever to befall the area.

9

controversy

considerable ~

a lot of disagreement or argument about something, usually because it affects or is important to many people:
There was a big controversy surrounding/over the use of drugs in athletics.
The policy has caused fierce/heated controversy ever since it was int

10

pervasive problem
insurmountable problem /ˌɪn.səˈmaʊn.tə.bļ/
a daunting ~ /ˈdɔːn.tɪŋ/
complex social ~

@adjective FORMAL
present or noticeable in every part of a thing or place:
The influence of Freud is pervasive in her books.
a pervasive smell of diesel
فراگیر

@ adjective FORMAL
(especially of a problem or a difficulty) so great that it cannot be dealt with successfully:
insurmountable difficulties
This small country is faced with an insurmountable debt.

@ Something that is daunting makes you feel slightly afraid or worried about dealing with it.
They were faced with the daunting task of restoring the house...

11

trouble

usually uncountable
I've had a lot of trouble with the second hand car.
I had a lot of trouble starting the car this morning.

12

make better

alleviate
mitigate
rectify
improve

13

make worse

exacerbate
hinder
compound
complicate
aggravate

14

aggravate

to make a bad situation worse:
Attempts to restrict parking in the city centre have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.

15

exacerbate

If something exacerbates a problem or bad situation, it makes it worse. (FORMAL)
Longstanding poverty has been exacerbated by racial divisions.

16

compound

to make sth bad become even worse by causing further harm:
The problems were compounded by severe food shortages.

17

hinder

to make it difficult for something to develop or succeed
 His career has been hindered by injury.
 policies that will hinder rather than help families

18

alleviate

If you alleviate pain, suffering, or an unpleasant condition, you make it less intense or severe. (FORMAL)
Nowadays, a great deal can be done to alleviate back pain.
Their energies were focussed on the alleviation of the refugees' misery.

19

mitigate

formal) to make sth less harmful, serious, etc.
SYN ALLEVIATE:
action to mitigate poverty * Soil erosion was mitigated by the planting of trees.

20

rectify

formal to correct something that is wrong
= put right
 I did my best to rectify the situation, but the damage was already done.

21

take stock

(of something) is to think carefully about a situation or event and form an opinion about it, so that you can decide what to do:
After two years spent teaching abroad, she returned home for a month to take stock of her life.

22

take notice of

to give attention to something:
I asked him to drive more slowly, but he didn't take any notice.
Don't take any notice of/Take no notice of what your mother says - she's just in a bad mood.
ملتفت بودن ،توجه کردن ،اعتنا کردن