L8-State Control (Government,Society) Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary For IELTS Advanced - Cambridge > L8-State Control (Government,Society) > Flashcards

Flashcards in L8-State Control (Government,Society) Deck (13)
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1

Mayor
*** /mer/ Br **
/meəʳ/ US

a person who is elected or chosen to be the leader of the group who governs a town or city
شهردار

2

Bureaucrat
Br /ˌbjʊr.əˈkræţ-/

an official working in an organization or a government department, especially one who follows the rules of the department too strictly
مامور ادارى

3

Civil servant

an administrator who works for the government

4

mis- + VERB

a common prefix which indicates something has been done wrongly or badly.

5

mistrust

verb,noun
SYN Distrust
to not trust sb/sth
She mistrusts anyone in a position of authority.

6

misjudge

verb
1 to form a wrong opinion about a person or situation, especially in a way that makes you deal with them or it unfairly:
[VN] She now realizes that she misjudged him. * It is difficult to understand how they could have misjudged the mood of the workforce so badly. [also V wh-]
2 to estimate sth such as time or distance wrongly:
[VN] He misjudged the distance and his ball landed in the lake. [also V wh-]
misjudgement (also misjudgment) noun [C, U]

7

miscalculate

verb
1 to estimate an amount, a figure, a measurement, etc. wrongly:
[VN] They had seriously miscalculated the effect of inflation. * [V wh-] He had miscalculated how long the trip would take. [also V]
2 to judge a situation wrongly:
[VN] She miscalculated the level of opposition to her proposals. [also V wh-, V]
miscalculation noun [C, U]:

8

mislead

mislead /ˌmɪsˈliːd/
verb [T] misled, misled
to cause someone to believe something that is not true:
He has admitted misleading the police about his movements on the night of the murder.

9

misinterpret

misinterpret /ˌmɪs.ɪnˈtɜː.prɪt/ US /-ˈtɝː-/
verb [T]
to form an understanding that is not correct of something that is said or done:
My speech has been misinterpreted by the press.
When we re-examined the regulations, we realised that we had misinterpreted them.

10

misunderstand

to think you have understood someone or something when you have not:
If you think that these transport problems can be solved by building more roads, you completely misunderstand the nature of the problem.
I told him I'd meet him here, but perhaps he misunderstood and went straight to the pub.

misunderstanding (Noun)

11

mismanage

verb [T]
to organize or control something badly:
The restaurant was hopelessly mismanaged by a former rock musician with no business experience.

12

misdiagnose

to give an incorrect explanation of an illness, a problem in a machine etc
@misdiagnose sth as sth
* Her condition was misdiagnosed as arthritis.
*Her depression was misdiagnosed as stress.
misdiagnosis

13

misinform

verb [T]
to tell someone information that is not correct:
I was told she would be at the meeting, but clearly I was misinformed.

@misinformation (NOUN)
#when people are misinformed:
There's a lot of misinformation about AIDS that needs to be corrected.
#information intended to deceive:
His election campaign was based on misinformation