L9- Natural History (Animals. Conservation) Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary For IELTS Advanced - Cambridge > L9- Natural History (Animals. Conservation) > Flashcards

Flashcards in L9- Natural History (Animals. Conservation) Deck (38)
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1

Conservation

the protection of the natural environment:
to be interested in wildlife conservation * Road development in the area has been severely affected by the conservation programmes of the council.

2

appalling

1 shocking; extremely bad:
The prisoners were living in appalling conditions.
2 (informal) very bad:
The bus service is appalling now.
appallingly adverb:
appallingly bad / difficult * The essay was appallingly written.
 The weather was absolutely appalling .
He behaved appallingly.
 an appallingly difficult job

3

distressing

a feeling of extreme worry, sadness or pain:
She claimed that the way she had been treated at work had caused her extreme emotional and psychological distress.
Many of the horses were showing signs of distress at the end of the race.
verb [T]
to make someone feel very upset or worried:
I hope I haven't distressed you with all these personal questions.

4

dreadful

1 very bad or unpleasant:
What dreadful weather! * What a dreadful thing to say! * It's dreadful the way they treat their staff. * How dreadful! * Jane looked dreadful (= looked ill or tired).
2 [only before noun] used to emphasize how bad sth is:
He's a dreadful snob. * She's making a dreadful mess of things. * I'm afraid there's been a dreadful mistake.
3 [usually before noun] causing fear or suffering:
a dreadful accident / disease / scream * They suffered dreadful injuries.

5

horrifying

adjective
making you feel extremely shocked, disgusted or frightened:
a horrifying sight / experience / story * It's horrifying to see such poverty.
to shock someone very greatly:
This news will horrify my parents.

6

hypocritical
/ˌhɪp.əʊˈkrɪt.ɪ.kəl/
**********************

If you accuse someone of being hypocritical, you mean that they pretend to have qualities, beliefs, or feelings that they do not really have.
It would be hypocritical to say I travel at 70mph simply because that is the law...
#behaving in a way that is different from what you claim to believe - used to show disapproval
*It's hypocritical of these universities to call their football players student-athletes.

7

impartial

not involved in a particular situation, and therefore able to give a fair opinion or piece of advice
We offer impartial advice on tax and insurance.
 an impartial inquiry into the deaths
 an impartial observer
a justice system lacking impartiality by democratic standards.

8

objective

omething that you are trying to achieve:
the main / primary / principal objective * to meet / achieve your objectives * You must set realistic aims and objectives for yourself. * The main objective of this meeting is to give more information on our plans.

9

outrageous

1 very shocking and unacceptable:
outrageous behaviour * 'That's outrageous!' he protested.
2 very unusual and slightly shocking:
She says the most outrageous things sometimes. * outrageous clothes
outrageously adverb:
an outrageously expensive meal * They behaved outrageously.

10

upsetting

making you feel unhappy, anxious or annoyed:
an upsetting experience * She finds the divorce too upsetting to talk about.

11

irresponsible

disapproving) (of a person) not thinking enough about the effects of what they do; not showing a feeling of responsibility:
an irresponsible teenager * an irresponsible attitude * It would be irresponsible to ignore the situation.

12

wasp

Wasps have a painful sting like a bee but do not produce honey.
زنبور( بى عسل)

13

hive /haIv/

a structure where bees live, especially a beehive (= box-like container), or the group of bees living there

14

flock


دسته پرندگان
~ (of sth) a group of sheep, goats or birds of the same type

15

nest

a structure built by birds or insects to leave their eggs in to develop, and by some other animals to give birth or live in:
a bird's nest
a wasps'/hornets' nest
a rat's nest
Cuckoos are famous for laying their eggs in the nests of other birds.

16

den

the hidden home of some types of wild animal:
a bear's / lion's den
غار،کنام

17

reindeer
/ˈreɪn.dɪəʳ/ US /-dɪr/

گوزن شمالى
plural reindeer
a type of deer with large horns, which lives in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and America:
Father Christmas travels in a sleigh pulled by reindeer.

18

rhinoceros
/raɪˈnɒs.ər.əs/ US /-ˈnɑː.sɚ-/

a very large thick-skinned animal from Africa or Asia, which has one or two horns on its nose:
a population of black/white rhinoceros.

19

scales

FISH】 [C usually plural]
one of the small flat pieces of skin that cover the bodies of fish, snakes etc

20

feather

پروبال
one of the many soft light parts covering a bird's body:
a peacock feather * a feather pillow (= one containing feathers)

21

fur

the soft thick mass of hair that grows on the body of some animals:
The cat carefully licked its fur.
خز

22

swarm
/swɔːm/ US /swɔːrm/
noun [C]


a large group of insects all moving together:
a swarm of bees/wasps/ants/locusts
The dead sheep was covered with swarms of flies.

23

herd

a large group of animals of the same type that live and feed together:
a herd of cattle/elephants/goats
رمه ،گله

24

pack

of animals
[C+sing./pl. v.] a group of animals that hunt together or are kept for hunting:
packs of savage dogs * wolves hunting in packs * a pack of hounds
دسته ،گروه

25

burrow

/ˈbɝː.oʊ/
noun [C]
a hole in the ground dug by an animal such as a rabbit, especially to live in

26

colony

a group of animals, insects or plants of the same type that live together:
a colony of ants/termites/bacteria

27

scorpion
/ˈskɔː.pi.ən/

a small insect-like creature which lives in hot dry areas of the world and has a long body and a curved tail with a poisonous sting
عقرب

28

emu
ostrich
/ˈɑː.strɪtʃ/

a large Australian bird that can run fast but cannot fly
شترمرغ استرالیایی

29

venomous

venom
venom (POISON)
a poisonous liquid which some snakes, insects, etc. produce when biting or stinging
a venomous snake

30

arachnid

/əˈræk.nɪd/
عنکبوتیان ،تنندگان