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Microbiology > L25_Vaccines > Flashcards

Flashcards in L25_Vaccines Deck (9)
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1

What is an adjuvant? What is the most common?

A compound that increases the immunogenicity of an antigen. Themost common in vaccines is the aluminum salt Alum.

2

What is Passive Immunization?

The use of immune serum to give an immediate resistance to an infection but is transient.

3

What is Active Immunization?

The act of immunizing with antigens to induce an immune response to a pathogen

4

What is a Live Attenuated vaccine?

A weakened virus that can replicate to a limited extent.

5

What does DTaP vaccinate against?

Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (acellular components used for pertussis)

6

What age group is at the highest risk for pertussis?

Young Children

7

Is is possible for polio to be eradicated? Why? What type of vaccine is it?

Yes, if everyone was vaccinated it would be eradicated because humans are the only known vector for polio virus. It is a inactivated virus

8

What type of vaccination is the Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR). How is it administered?

It is a live attenuated vaccine that is administered in 2 doses. Usually wait till 1 year old when mothers immunity is gone.

9

What strains does the HPV virus protect against?

16 and 18 which cause 70% of cervical cancers. Must be given before first exposure