Lab 1 Pre-quiz Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology 1 Lab > Lab 1 Pre-quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 1 Pre-quiz Deck (71):
1

Anatomical position

The person is standing erect with the arms at the sides and the palms of the hands facing forward

2

Superior

(Cranial) toward the head

3

Inferior

(Caudal) away from the head

4

Anterior

(Ventral) toward the front of the body

5

Posterior

(Dorsal) toward the back of the body

6

Medial

toward the midline of the body or a structure

7

Lateral

away from the midline of the body or structure

8

Proximal

close to the attachment of an extremity to the trunk

9

Distal

far from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk

10

Superficial

(external) toward the surface of the body

11

Deep

(internal) away from the surface of the body

12

Midsagittal

vertical plane through the midline of the body which divides the body or organ into equal right and left sides

13

Sagittal

vertical plane through the body which divides the body into unequal right and left sides

14

Frontal

vertical plane which divides the body into anterior nad posterior portions

15

Horizontal

horizontal plane running parallel to the ground which divides the body into superior and inferior portions

16

Frontal

forehead (A)

17

ocular

eyes (A)

18

buccal

cheek (A)

19

cervical

neck (A)

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axillary

armpit (A)

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pectoral

chest (A)

22

brachial

upper arm(A)

23

mammary

breast (A)

24

antebrachial

forearm (A)

25

antecubital

space on the anterior surface of the arm in front of the elbow (A)

26

pollex

thumb (A)

27

abdominal

abdomen (A)

28

umbilical

navel (A)

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pelvic

pelvis(A)

30

inguinal

depressed area where thigh meets the trunk;groin (A)

31

hallux

big toe (A)

32

palmar

palm (A)

33

cephalic

head (P)

34

occipital

back of head (P)

35

dorsal

entire back of trunk (P)

36

costal

area on back of overlaying ribs (P)

37

lumbar

lower back between ribs and hips (P)

38

gluteal

buttocks (P)

39

perineum

region between the anus and the external reproductive organs (P)

40

popliteal

shallow depression behind knee (P)

41

plantar

sole of foot (P)

42

Right upper quadrant

Contains liver and gallblader

43

Left upper quadrant

contains stomach and spleen

44

Right lower quadrant

contains appendix and ascending colon

45

Left lower quadrant

contains descending colon and rectum

46

Dorsal body cavity
•includes 2 things

1. cranial cavity
2, Vertebral cavity

47

Cranial cavity

cavity within the skull that contains the brain

48

Vertebral cavity

Canal formed by the vertebrae of the spine that contains the spinal cord (spinal)

49

Ventral body cavity
•2 cavities it is subdivided into

1. superior thoracic cavity
2. inferior abdominopelvic cavity

50

9 abdominopelvic regions

1. Umbilical
2. Epigastric
3. Hypogastric
4. Right iliac
5. Left iliac
6. Right lumbar
7. Left lumbar
8. Right hypochondriac
9. Left hypochondriac

51

Umbilical
-location
-what does it conatin

-center of abdomen
-contains navel

52

Epigastric
-epi
-gastric
-location
-what does it contain

-on or upon
-stomach
-directly above umbilical region in pubic area
-contains most of the stomach

53

Hypogastric
-hypo
-location
-what does it contain

-below or under
-directly below umbilical region in pubic area
-contains urinary bladder and rectum

54

Right iliac
-location
-what does it contain

-lateral to hypogastric region on right side
-contains inferior portions of hip bones on right side

55

Left iliac
-location
-what does it contain

-lateral to hypogastric region on left side
-contains inferior portions of hip bones on left side

56

Right lumbar
-lumbar
-location
-what does it contain

-lower back
-lateral to umbilical region on right side
-contains superior flaring portions of hip bones on right

57

Left lumbar
-location
-what does it contain

-lateral to umbilical region on left side
-contains superior flaring portions of hip bones on left

58

Right hypochondriac
-hypo
-chondro
-location
-what does it contain

-under
-cartilage
-lateral to epigastric region on right
-contains lower ribs on right

59

Left hypochondriac
-location
-what does it contain

-lateral to epigastric region on left
-contains lower ribs on left

60

Right upper quadrant

contains liver and gall bladder

61

Left upper quadrant

contains stomach and spleen

62

Right lower quadrant

contains appendix and ascending colon

63

Left lower quadrant

contains descending colon and rectum

64

Thoracic cavity

-chest cavity superior to the diaphragm
-divided into a right pleural cavity and left pleural cavity
1. Right pleural cavity
2. left pleural cavity
3. pericardial cavity

65

Mediasinum
-what is it
-what does it contain

-divides the right and left pleural cavities;mass of tissue
-heart, thymus gland, esophagus and trachea

66

Right pleural cavity

contains right lung

67

left pleural cavity

contains left lung

68

pericardial cavity

cavity within the mediastinum, which contains the heart

69

Abdominopelvic cavity
-definition
-divided into 2 cavities

-cavity inferior to the diaphragm
1. abdominal cavity
2. pelvic cavity

70

Abdominal cavity
- contains 7 organs

contains stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, kidneys, and small intestine

71

Pelvic cavity
-contains 3 organs

contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum