Language Of Anatomy 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Language Of Anatomy 3 Deck (34):
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Section

A cut

1

Plane

When the section is made through the body wall or through an organ, it is made along an imaginary line or surface called a plane

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Sagittal plane

Divides the body into right and left parts

3

Midsaggittal (median) plane

Divides the body into EQUAL right and left parts

4

Parasagittal plane

Divides the body into UNEQUAL left and right parts

5

Coronal (frontal) plane

A longitudinal plane that divides the body (or an organ) into anterior and posterior parts (front/back)

6

Transverse plane

Divides the body into superior and inferior parts (top/bottom)

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Cross sections

When organs are sectioned along the transverse plane, the sections are commonly called cross sections

8

Cranial cavity

The cavity in which the brain is enclosed within the rigid skull

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Vertebral (spinal) cavity

The cavity the spinal cord is in

10

Dorsal cavity

Included the cranial and spinal cavities

11

Abdominal cavity

The area that houses the stomach, intensities, liver, and [some] other organs

12

Pelvic cavity

The region that is partially enclosed by the bony pelvis and contains the reproductive organs (urinary) bladder and rectum

13

Abdominopelvic cavity

The cavity inferior to the diaphragm

14

Thoracic cavity

The cavity above the diaphragm

15

Ventral cavity

Made up of the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities

16

Quadrants

A scheme, used by most physicians and nurses, that divides the abdominal surface (and the abdominopelvic cavity deep to it) into 4 approximately equal regions called quadrants

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Umbilical region

The centermost region which includes the umbilicus

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Epigastric region

Immediately superior to the umbilical region; overlies most of the stomach

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Hypogastric (pubic) region

Immediately inferior to the umbilical region; encompasses the pubic area

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Iliac regions

Lateral to the hypo gastric region and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones

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Lumbar regions

Between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bone; lateral to the umbilical region

22

Hypochondriac regions

Flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs

23

Serous membrane (serosa)

Covers walls of ventral body cavity and organs within this cavity

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Parietal serosa

The part of the membrane lining the cavity walls

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Visceral serosa

Covering the external surface of the organs within the ventral cavity

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Pericardium

Serous membrane that encloses the heart

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Pleura

Serous membrane the encloses the lungs

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Peritoneum

The serous lining the abdominal cavity and covering it's organs

29

Oral cavity

Commonly called the mouth, contains the tongue and teeth; also called the buccal cavity

30

Nasal cavity

Located within and posterior to the nose

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Orbital cavity

Houses the eyes and presents them in an anterior position

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Middle ear

Lies just medial to the ear drum- is carved into the bony skull- contain tiny bones that transmit sound

33

Synovial cavities

Joint cavities- enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body