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Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (22):
1

The three domain system, based on comparison of ribosomal RNA genes, divides microorganisms into

-Bacteria (true bacteria)
- Archaea
- Eukarya (eukaryotes)

2

The origin of mitochondria goes from _____ to _____ to ____

mitochondria bacteria---> archaea ------> eukaryotes

3

Mitochondria degenerates in the formation of what eukaryote

Giardia

4

The origin of Chloroplasts goes from ____ to ____ to ____

bacteria---> Archaea----> eukarya (note this is after giardia split off the phylogenic tree)

5

types of microorganisms

-bacteria
- Archaea
- Fungi
- Protozoa
- Algae
- Viruses
- Multicellular animal parasites

6

what is the symbol of the medical profession

Rod of Asclepius

7

_____ established the system of scientific nomenclature

Linnaeus

8

Each organism has two names: the ___ and _____

genus and specific epithet

9

Scientific names are ____ or ____

italicized or underlined

10

the genus should be _____; the specific epithet is ____

capitalized, lowercase

11

Are scientific names latinized

yes

12

Scientific names may be descriptive or honor

a scientist

13

The name Escherichia coli honors and describes the bacterium's habitat which is ____

the discoverer, Theodor Escherich, the large intestine, or colon

14

Staphylococcus aureus name

-describes the clustered (staphylo-) spherical (cocci) cells
- describes the gold-colored (aureus) colonies

15

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Klebsiella pneumoniae

Source of Genus- Honors Edwin Klebs

Source of Specific Epithet- The disease

16

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Pfiesteria piscidcida

Source of Genus- Honors Lois Pfiester

Source of Specific Epithet- Disease in fish

17

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Salmonella typhimurium

Source of Genus- Honors Daniel Salmon

Source of Specific Epithet- Stupor (typh-) in mice (muri-)

18

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Streptococcus pyogenes

Source of Genus- Chains of cells (strepto-)

Source of Specific Epithet- Forms pus (pyo-)

19

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Penicillium chrysogenum

Source of Genus- Tuftlike (penicill-)

Source of Specific Epithet- Produces a yellow (chryso-) pigment

20

source of genus name and source of specific epithet Trypanosoma cruzi

Source of Genus- Corkscrew-like (trypano- , borer; soma-, body)

Source of Specific Epithet- Honors Oswaldo Cruz

21

After the first use, scientific names may be abbreviated with the _____ of the ____ and the specific epithet

first letter of the genus and the special epithet

22

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is found on

the skin