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Flashcards in Lecture 4 Deck (27)
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1

What to do when naming a metal ion

add "ion"

2

What to do when naming transition metal ions that form >1 ion

Roman numeral in name of metal to indicate charge

3

What to do when naming a nonmetal

add suffix "ide"

4

the arrangement of electrons in an atom determines its __________ ___________

chemical properties

5

building blocks of matter

elements

6

forces which hold atoms together in chemical compounds

chemical bonds

7

determines how atoms combine

electron structure

8

ionic bonds present =

ionic compound

9

joined through covalent bonds =

molecular compound

10

what type of bond gives/takes e-

ionic

11

what type of bond shares e-

covalent

12

tendency for atoms to lose, gain, or share valence e- so that they can have a noble gas e- structure

octet rule

13

atom that has lost of gained e-

ion

14

atoms gain e- = _____ charge

neg -

15

atoms lose e- = _____ charge

pos +

16

do metals lose or gain e-

lose e-

17

do non-metals lose or gain e-

gain e-

18

group of covalently bonded atoms that have acquired a charge through e- transfer

polyatomic ion

19

True/False: polyatomic ions always react with other ions to = ionic compounds

True

20

what makes an ionic compound

metal + non-metal

21

what makes a covalent compound

non-metal + non-metal

22

2 types of ionic compounds

fixed-charged
variable-charged

23

What type of ionic compound:

contains a metal that forms >1 type of positive ion (ex. Fe2+, Fe3+)

variable-charged

24

What type of ionic compound:

contains a metal that only formed 1 type of positive ion (same charge)

Fixed-charged

25

Which elements are Fixed-charged

Groups 1A and 2A and Al, Ga, Zn, Cd, Ag

26

How to name a fixed-charged ionic compound

metal name + stem name of non-metal + -ide

27

How to name a variable-charged ionic compound

metal name + (Roman numeral) + nonmetal stem name + -ide