Lecture 7 - States of Matter: Gases, Liquids, Solids Flashcards Preview

Chemistry 1110 > Lecture 7 - States of Matter: Gases, Liquids, Solids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 7 - States of Matter: Gases, Liquids, Solids Deck (58)
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1

solid has ______ shape/volume

definite

2

liquid has _______ shape/volume

indefinite

3

gas has ________ shape/volume

indefinite

4

solid has _____ density

high

5

liquid has _____ density

high

6

gas has _____ density

very low

7

solid has ______ compressibility

very low

8

liquid has _____ compressibility

very low

9

gas has _____ compressibility

very high

10

solid has _____ thermal expansion

very small

11

liquid has _____ thermal expansion

small

12

gas has _____ thermal expansion

moderate

13

particles are in constant random motion describes

kinetic energy

14

particles attract/repel each other describes

potential energy

15

particles motion ______ with temperature

increases

16

particles transfer energy through _____

collisions

17

kinetic energy = ________ = particles ______

disruptive force, far apart

18

potential energy = _____ = particles _____

cohesive, close together

19

formula to figure our how much pressure is exerted on a surface

P = (F/A)

p: pressure
f: force
a: area

20

Boyles Equation

P1V1 = P2V2

21

Boyles Law:
as pressure increases, volume _______

decreases

22

Charles Equation

V1/T1 = V2/T2

23

Charles Law:
as temperature increases, volume ______

increases

24

Gay-Lussac's Equation

P1/T1 = P2/T2

25

Gay Lussac's Law:
as temperature increases, pressure _____

increases

26

Combined Gas Equation

(P1V1)/T1 = (P2V2)/T2

27

empirical gas law

1 mole gas = 22.4 L

28

What is STP

Standard Temperature = 273 K
Standard Pressure = 1 atm

29

Ideal Gas Equation

PV = nRT

30

solid -> liquid

melting