lecture 4 - personality disorders Flashcards Preview

PAID > lecture 4 - personality disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in lecture 4 - personality disorders Deck (6)
Loading flashcards...

General characteristics of personality disorders

-personality traits
-rigid, inflexible
-maladaptive ( schlecht angepasst)
-long duration
-early onset
-treatment- resistant



-6-10% of individuals have a PD
-high comorbidity
-functional impairment in relationship, work, education
-increased risk for criminal behavior, violence, suicide
-childhood adversities -> risk factors


criminality, violence
- relation to different clusters

Cluster B PDs:
-> highly prevalent in correctional settings
-> increased risk for criminal recidivism (rückfälligkeit)

Cluster C PDs:
-> less prevalent

-in general: psychopathic offenders -> at higher risk for recidivism


PD not otherwise specified (NOS)



criticism categorical model of PDs

-high comorbidity and between Axis 1 and 2 disorders
-fuzzy borders between PDs
-many PD cases don't seem to fit into any of the DSM categories (PDNOS)
-too much heterogeneity within each PD
-diagnostic cut-offs are arbitrary?
-Ps don't represent taxons ?
-PDs less stable than once believed


10 DSM- 5 PD

-polythetic system: separate diagnostic thresholds for each PD
-Cluster A (Schizoid, Schizotypal, Paranoid)
-B (Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic)
-C (Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-compulsive)