Flashcards in Lecture 6.2 Deck (21):
true or false: recall is sensitive to retention interval
what is the significance of the forgetting curve?
after interval, rapid retention happens.
Describe the study done by Loftus & Palmer to test the effects of misinformation
subjects watch a film on traffic safety that contained an accident; they later answer questions about the accident
what does the study by Loftus & Palmer tell us about misinformation?
the way that you are asked to retrieve information can influence what you remember
true or false: the longer the time between event & questioning, the less affected you will be by misinformation
false: the longer the interval, the more hurt you will be by misinformation
what is source monitoring?
understanding what you actually see vs. if you are blurring it with things that other people have said
how will a longer time interval between an event and questioning affect source monitoring?
source monitoring becomes more difficult
in the Loftus study, did the majority of participants choose the yield or stop sign?
majority chose the yield sign. *people will incorporate the question into what they saw
how does emotion influence memory?
it often makes emotional info more memorable; *activation of the amygdala
what is a flashbulb memory?
vivid (episodic) memory for important, exciting, or devastating events (recent/remote)
true or false: flashbulb memories are negative memories
false: while often negative but CAN be positive!
what do flashbulb memories tend to include?
- where you were
- what you were doing
- how you felt
- how others felt
- who told you
- what happened immediately after
what happened in the Neisser & Harsch study on flashbulb memory?
students wrote about their experience after the Challenger explosion the day after the event;
asked for account again after 3 years
what were the results of the Neisser & Harsch study on flashbulb memory?
there were many discrepancies between people's accounts, meaning confidence might not always be related to accuracy
what were the results of the Talarico & Rubin study on 9/11?
there was no difference in forgetting for flashbulb (9/11) and everyday memories (9/12)... but people are more confident about flashbulb memories
what is the problem of weapon focus during eyewitness testimony?
the background details are blurred because your attention is focused on the weapon
what is a simultaneous lineup?
see all suspects at once when making decision *you have the option to NOT choose someone
what is a sequential lineup?
see suspects one at a time. *must make a decision on each one and can't return to previous photos
which eyewitness lineup is a relative process?
people make more claims with _______ lineups