Lecture 8.2.16 - Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 8.2.16 - Introduction Deck (14):
1

What is any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient?

Symptom

2

True or false - a symptom is always perceived as abnormal.

False - a symptom may or may not be perceived as abnormal.

3

What is an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning?

Disease

4

Define nosological.

Can be classified

5

What is a state of poor health resulting from a disease?

Illness

6

___ is self-defined in a person's mind.

Illness

7

Behavioral medicine uses ___ and ___-centered approaches to care.

Biopsychosocial; relationship

8

What are the two models of human disease?

Biomedical and biopsychosocial

9

What are the 4 basic principles of the biomedical model?

1. Absence of disease and infection
2. Absence of risk factors
3. Immunity through vaccinations and antibiotics
4. Socially-accepted mental status

10

What are the 2 basic principles of the biopsychosocial model?

1. Health and illness are caused and influenced by many factors.
2. Health exists on a continuum

11

What are some of the problems with the biomedical model?

It is reductionist, focuses on single-factor causes, focuses on disease instead of health, disregards personal responsibility for disease.

12

What are the 6 dimensions of health and wellness?

1. Physical
2. Intellectual
3. Social
4. Emotional
5. Environmental
6. Spiritual

13

What are the benefits to the biopsychosocial model?

1. Holistic, does not look for single-factor causes, does not focus exclusively on illness, people's behavior is important

14

What are the 4 basic areas of the biopsychosocial model?

1. Biology (age, sex, disease state, genetics, medications, drugs, etc.)
2. Psychology (attitudes, beliefs, mood state, behaviors, religion, etc.)
3. Environment (school, workplace, church, social/cultural norms, health services, media, policy, laws, etc.)
4. Social (support roles, physician-patient relationship, etc.)