Lecture 8.9.16 - Child Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 8.9.16 - Child Development Deck (21):
1

There is a ___ of normal for each developmental milestone in child development.

Range

2

True ___ (loss of previously acquired skill) always requires careful evaluation.

Regressions

3

What are several developmental red flags?

1. Rollings before 3 months
2. Hand dominance before 18 months
3. Not walking by 18 months
4. Asymmetry
5. No babbling, no pointing, no gestures by 12 months of age
6. No single words by 16 months of age
7. No two-word sentences by 24 months of age
8. Any loss of skills

4

What are several developmental red flags for autism?

1. Lack of big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions
2. Lack of back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, etc. by 9 months or thereafter
3. No babbling by 12 months
4. Any loss of speech or babbling or social skills at any age
5. No response to their name by 12 months of age
6. Delayed speech and language skills
7. Repeating words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
*More in notes

5

What is developmental screening?

Use of a standardized tool to assess a child's progress in various core development areas, helps to identify children with delays

6

For children at high risk for developmental issues, what is done?

Referred to early intervention program, referred for medical diagnosis, schedule follow-up to monitor progress.

7

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 4-month old?

-Supports weight on forearms
-Opens hands spontaneously
-Smiles appropriately
-Coos, laughts

8

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 6-month old?

-Sits momentarily
-Transfers objects between hands
-Shows likes and dislikes
-Babbles

9

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 9-month old?

-Pulls to stand
-Inferior pincer grasp
-Plays pat-a-cake, peek-a-boo
-Imitates sounds

10

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 12-month old?

-Takes steps
-Releases object on command, fine pincer grasp
-Points with index finger
-1-2 meaningful words

11

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for an 18-month old?

-Walks up stairs with assistance
-Uses spoon to feed self
-Mimics actions of others
-At least 6 words

12

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 24-month old?

-Runs, jumps
-Builds a tower of 6 blocks
-Plays with others
-2-4 word sentences

13

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 3 year old?

-Pedals a tricycle, alternates feet going up stairs
-Copies circles
-Simple games
-Knows age/gender, speaks in sentences

14

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 4 year old?

-Hops on one foot, alternates feet going down stairs
-Copies cross and square
-Plays with several children, begins role play
-Tells a story

15

What are the gross motor, fine motor, social skills, and language milestones for a 5 year old?

-Skips
-Copies triangle, writes first name
-Plays competitive games
-Uses future tense

16

What are the age guidelines for children ages 1-4?

-Age 1: single words, 25% of speech intelligible to strangers
-Age 2: two-word combinations, 50% of speech intelligible to strangers
-Age 3: three-word sentences, 75% of speech intelligible to strangers
-Age 4: four-word sentences, 100% of speech intelligible to strangers

17

What are the 4 Piagetan stages?

1. Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years)
2. Preoperational (3-6 years)
3. Concrete operational (7-10 years)
4. Formal operational (11 years and above)

18

What happens in the sensorimotor stage?

Infants and toddlers use newfound skills and motor abilities to explore their environment in order to build new skills.

19

What happens in the preoperational stage?

The child has an egocentric view, can use symbols, but cannot use logical processes to arrive at conclusions.

20

What happens in the operational stage?

Uses logical rules to solve problems, can conserve numbers/length/volume, can begin to take the perspective of another.

21

What happens in the formal operational stage?

Use abstract concepts, consider real and hypothetical events, consider divergent possibility and what might occur.