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1

what characteristics are in a correlational study

typically use a single group variable not manipulated cant determine cause and effect used to predict something

2

what is morbidity

any departure from a state of physical or psychological well-being, short of death

3

what are the R ranges

-1.0 to 1.0

4

what is health

a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmary

5

what is a bias

any tendency which prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question

6

what is a prospective study

follow a group over a period of time who differ on certain factors

7

what is skill-related fitness

things that are necessary for optimal sport or work related performance

8

what does correlation mean

relationship between two or more things

9

what are the five things associated with performance-related fitness

motor skills cardiorespiratory endurance muscular strength and power speed body size and composition

10

what is a prospective study better

track data in real time better data

11

what is wrong with retrospective study

recall bias

12

what is a relative risk

probability of an event occurring in an "exposed" group vs a "non-exposed" group

13

what happens if RR is below one

decrease risk

14

is a causation experiment a true experiment

yes because one independent variable was manipulated

15

what is disease prevalence

total number of cases in a population at a given time divided by the population size; how common is a disease

16

what is disease incidence

number of new cases that occur in a specific time period divided by total population; risk of developing a disease

17

is correlation a true experiment

no because nothing was manipulated

18

what is a strong R

+/- .7 to 1.00

19

what are chronic diseases

diseases that occur/persist over a prolonged duration of time

20

what is a retrospective study

look backwards on subjects who already possess a given trait look back to see if there are characteristics of these patients that differ from those who don't have the disease

21

what happens if RR is above one

increase risk

22

what does cofounders lead to

bias that distort the magnitude of the relationship between two factors of interest

23

what does causation mean

that act of causing something

24

what is the norm RR

1

25

what is the dependent variable

outcome variable

26

what five things are associated with health-related fitness

body size and composition, bone density cardiorespiratory endurance muscular strength and endurance balance, agility metabolic function

27

what five things are associated with skill-related fitness

motor skills agility coordination balance reaction time

28

how is morbidity expressed

the number of persons who are ill or have a specific condition per unit of population per year

29

what is performance-related fitness

things that are necessary for optimal sport or work related performance

30

what is a mod R

+/- .30 to .69

31

what is a weak R

+/- .00 to .29

32

what is a cofounder

an unobserved exposure associated with the exposure of interest and is a potential cause of the outcome of interes

33

what is a health burden

anything that keeps you from being healthy

34

what is health-related fitness

things that are affected favorable or unfavorable by habitual physical activity and that relate to "health" traits and capacities that are associated with a low risk for the development of chronic diseases and premature death

35

what does a correlation experiment contain

mathmatical r-value

36

what is an independent variable

what is manipulated

37

what is a pearson correlation coefficient

r

38

can relative risk ever be negative

no

39

what two goals does fitness focus on

performance health

40

what does a Negative r mean

the variables change in opposite direction, inversely correlated

41

what is physical fitness

the ability to perform muscular work satisfactorily attained some abilities that permit acceptable performance of a given task in a specified physical, social, and psychological environment

42

a correlation describes the relationship between two variables in terms of:

direction magnitude (effect size)

43

what are the 8 dimensions of wellness

physical social emotional environmental spiritual financial intellectual occupational

44

what is the #1 cause of death in young folks

unintentional injuries