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Flashcards in LESSON 1 Deck (17)
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1

abroad

adv. to or in another country
syn. overseas; internationally
Example:
Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad.
Living abroad can be an educational experience.

2

abrupt
adv. abruptly
n. abruptness

adj. quick; without warning
syn. sudden
Example:
There was an abrupt change in the weather.
After the incident everyone left abruptly.

3

acceptable
v. accept
adv. acceptably
n. acceptability
adj. accepting

adj. allowable or satisfactory
syn. permissible
Example:
The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.

4

acclaim
adj. acclaimed
n. acclamation

n. enthusiastic approval; applause
syn. praise
Example:
Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad.
Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.

5

actually
adj. actual

adv. being in existence, real or factual
syn. trnly
Example:
They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.

6

adverse
adv. adversely
n. adversity
n. adversary

aqj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad
syn. unfavorable
Example:
Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game.
His indecision adversely affected his job performance.

7

advice
v. advise
adj. advisable
n. advisability

n. a recommendation given by someone not
associated with the problem or situation
syn. suggestion
Example:
Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the day before a test.

8

attractive
v. attract
n. attraction
n. attractiveness
adv. attractively

adj. calling attention to; pleasing; creating
interest; pretty
syn. appealing
Example:
The idea of working four, ten-hour work days was attractive to the
employees.
The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

9

autonomous
adv. autonomously

adj. by itself; with no association
syn. independent
Example:
Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function
autonomously.

10

chronic
adv. chronically

adj. always present; continual
syn. constant
Example:
The author's chronic headache prevented her from finishing the
chapter.
He is chronically late to class.

11

disapproval
v. disapprove
adv. disapprovingly

n. the act of disagreeing; not giving approval
syn. objection
Example:
Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned.
The students disapproved of the plan of study.

12

disruptive
v. disrupt
n. disruption
adv. disruptively

adj. causing confusion and interruption
syn. disturbing
Example:
Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive.
The storm caused a disruption in bus service.

13

haphazardly
adj. haphazard
n. Haohazardness

adv. having no order or pattern; by chance
syn. arbitrarily; carelessly
Example:
It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly.
Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.

14

persistent
v. persist
n. persistence
adv. persistently

adj. continuous; refusing to give up; firm in
action or decision
syn. constant
Example:
The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness.
Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.

15

postpone
adj. postponable
n. postponement

v. to change to a later time; to delay
syn. reschedule
Example:
The referees decided to postpone the soccer match.
The postponement of the meeting upset the impatient club members.

16

valid
n. validity
adv. validly

adj. producing a desired result based on truths
syn. convincing
Example:
The students had a valid reason for missing class.
The professor questioned the validity of the test results.

17

withdraw
n. withdrawal

v. to remove, take out, or take back
syn. extract
Example:
The player withdrew from the competition.
Gloria had to make a withdrawal from her savings to pay tuition.