Flashcards in LFNLP: Morphophonology Deck (3)
What is morphophonology?
The morphophonology of a language describes the way in which "surface forms" are related to underlying, abstract sequences of morphemes.
How the morpheme -s (this is the surface form)can be pronounced as /s/, /z/, or /əz/ depending on the context.
In regards to morphophonology: how do the morphemes in a language like Turkish change?
One way is by vowel harmony.
The morpheme changes depending on the vowel present in the previous morpheme.
-dan vs -den
hava-dan ‘from the air’ vs ev-den ‘from the house’
kız-dan ‘from the girl’ vs biz-den ‘from us’
yol-dan ‘by the road’ vs göl-den 'from the lake’
şun-dan ‘of this’ vs tür-den ‘of the type’
this even extends to multiple morphemes
‘You became sad.’
‘You were liked.’ [tur]