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Flashcards in LFNLP: Morphophonology Deck (3)
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1

What is morphophonology?

The morphophonology of a language describes the way in which "surface forms" are related to underlying, abstract sequences of morphemes.

How the morpheme -s (this is the surface form)can be pronounced as /s/, /z/, or /əz/ depending on the context.

2

In regards to morphophonology: how do the morphemes in a language like Turkish change?

One way is by vowel harmony.
The morpheme changes depending on the vowel present in the previous morpheme.

For example:
-dan vs -den
hava-dan ‘from the air’ vs ev-den ‘from the house’
kız-dan ‘from the girl’ vs biz-den ‘from us’
yol-dan ‘by the road’ vs göl-den 'from the lake’
şun-dan ‘of this’ vs tür-den ‘of the type’

this even extends to multiple morphemes

üzüldünüz
üz-ül-dü-nüz
sadden---
‘You became sad.’

sevildiniz
sev-il-di-niz
like---
‘You were liked.’ [tur]

3

In regards to morphophonology: how do the morphemes in a language like Japanese change?

They affect the root words as well.

stem gloss

tabe- ‘eat’
nom- ‘drink’
oyog- ‘swim’
erab- ‘choose’
kak- ‘write’
nar- ‘become’

non-past
tabe-ru
nom-u
oyog-u
erab-u
kak-u
nar-u

past
tabe-ta
non-da
oyoi-da
eran-da
kai-ta
nat-ta