Week 4: Semantics and Pragmatics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4: Semantics and Pragmatics Deck (7)
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what is the semantic meaning of a sentence?

the literal meaning of the sentence


What is the pragmatic meaning of a sentence

the meaning of a sentence in a given context, the potentially hidden meaning.


What are Grice's maxims (a description)

A set of rules that people in a conversation assume each other are following to make the pragmatics of the conversation less ambiguous.


Name a language that uses cardinal directions to describe location

The Australian language Guugu Yimithirr


What happens when Grice's maxims are not followed in a conversation?

Usually one party may feel insulted.


Which language has a grammar that forces its users to specify whether the information they are given is first-hand, second-hand or by hearsay.

Matses/Mayoruna in Brazil (bordering Peru)


What is an anaphora?

A type of endophora - an expression whose interpretation depends upon another expression in context (its antecedent or postcedent)

for example:

Sally arrived, but nobody saw her, the pronoun her is an anaphor, referring back to the antecedent Sally