Flashcards in Week 1: intro Deck (16)
3 things that differentiate human language from animal languages
discrete infinity, displacement and joint attention
What is discrete infinity of human language?
discrete infinity: The ability for human language to construct sentences of infinite length.
displacement ability human language
displacement: The ability for human language to convey information about ideas and objects in time (present, future and past), space(distance and location) as well as the non-existent.
joint attention ability human language
joint attention: The ability for human language to establish goals and cooperation between several individuals on a particular task, idea, object etc.
what determines whether a language is a natural language?
1) If children are raised speaking it.
2) If there is a community that identifies with the language; it is the native language of a group of people
3) You can communicate anything using the language
Are sign languages natural languages?
Yes as they match the set criteria
Roughly how many languages are there?
Between 6,000 and 7,000
How many languages do we expect to make it through the next century?
300 - 500
How many indo-european languages are there?
Name a language not in any other language family (a language isolate)
What are continuity based theories of the origin of human language?
Human language evolved naturally from a more primitive form of animal/human communication.
What are discontinuous based theories of the origin of human language?
Human language occurred by some random event or mutation and is its own unique entity that is different from animal communication.
Mandarin, Hakka and Cantonese are dialects of Chinese but are as distant as...
Italian, Romanian and French
Difference between a language and a dialect according to Max Weinreich
"A language is a dialect with an army and a navy"
How many language families are there?