Flashcards in Lifespan Deck (238)
Most primary level. Activities, roles, and interactions of an individual in that person's immediate setting
Functions as chains in a link; the interrelationships that connect various elements in the microsystem (parent-child conference)
Institutions that influence the child; social settings or organizations beyond the child's immediate experience that affect the child
Includes society as a whole; laws, values, and customs of the society in which one lives
Includes the passage of time and events in history; the ways in whch all of these systems interrelate to each other across time
Vygotsky's social-cognitive view of development
The suggestion that culture greatly influences learning
Leading causes of death for infants
Commonly connected with problems surrounding birth and congenital abnormalities
Leading causes of death for adolescents
Accidents, homicides, and suicides
Leading causes of death for young adults
HIV infections, accidents, and cancers
Leading causes of death for those aged 45-64
Leading causes of death for those 65+
Heart disease, cancers, and CVAs or strokes
Damage theories of aging
These theories highlight a number of random processes that cause the deterioration of cells and organ systems
Other names for Turner X Syndrome
Bonnevie-Ullrich Syndrome or Monosomy X
XXY. Men with syndrome tend to be talker, somewhat lower IQ, smaller testicles and sterile
Deletion or mutation of 15th chromosome. Problems with hypothalamus, regulation of food and hunger. Sx include insatiable hunger, delayed motor skills and cognitive abilities, low muscle tone, short stature, and incomplete sexual development.
Disease where the person is not able to distinguish any color at all
Characteristic, may be observable or not (carried on the genes)
Observable traits (hair color, height, personality)
Fragile X Syndrome
X-linked condition; causes mental retardation, and in milder forms, can cause learning and emotional problems without significant cognitive deficits
Infants born before _____ week-gestation period is considered preterm.
Full-term infant who is low birth weight is considered:
small for date
Developed the idea that, universally, parents have three broad goals that are hierarchical; these include the survival goal, economic goal, and self-actualization goal.
First two weeks following conception. Teratogens may prevent zygote from attaching to uterine wall
2-8 weeks following conception. Critical period of development and structural damages are most likely to occur during this time if an embryo is exposed to teratogens
2 mths past conception until child is born. Critical period of organ development.
Colors infants see best
White, green and red. At four months can see many more colors
First sense to develop
Except for vision, most infant senses are well developed at birth.
Infants and taste
Can distinguish four basic tastes (sweet, salty, bitter, and sour) and sensitive to umami. Show preference for sweet and umami.