List 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List 18 Deck (100):
2

patrician

贵族,名门望族:high birth;贵族的,地位高的:high birth

3

patriot

爱国者:loves country

4

patronize

赞助:provide aid;以高人一等的态度对待:treat haughtily

5

paucity

少量,缺乏:dearth

6

paunchy

大腹便便的,大肚子的:potbelly

7

peck

大量:considerable amount;(不情愿地)小口咬:in small bites

8

pedagogue

教育者,老师:give formal instruction

9

pedant

书呆子,墨守成规之人:formal rules

10

predestine

预先注定:in advance

11

pedestrian

行人:traveling on foot;平庸无奇的,令人厌倦的:causing weariness

12

peep

一瞥:brief look;轻声:slight sound

13

peer

同等地位的人,同辈:equal;好奇地凝视:look

14

peeve

打扰,惹恼:disturb

15

pejorative

轻蔑的,贬低的:disparaging

16

pellucid

透明的:admitting light;清晰明确的,易懂的:clear

17

pen

监狱:confinement;关押,监禁:close

18

penalty

(对罪行的)处罚:punishment

19

penchant

嗜好,迷恋:strong inclination

20

penitent

悔过的:regretful

21

pensive

沉思的,(尤指)哀思的:thinking

22

penury

贫穷:dearth;吝啬,节俭:frugality

23

perambulate 

徒步穿越,走过:travel over

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perceptible

可察觉的:being perceived

25

peremptory

不容反抗的:not allowing contradiction;爱发号施令的:ordering people;傲慢的:feeling of superiority

26

perfervid

非常热情的:exaggerated emotion

27

perfidy

不忠,背信弃义:disloyalty

28

perforate

打孔,穿透:make a hole

29

perfunctory

例行公事的,敷衍的:superficially;不感兴趣的:lacking in interest

30

perimeter 

边界,界限:outer limit

31

periodical 

期刊:publication;周期性的,有固定间隔的:regular intervals

32

peripatetic

巡游的,四处游历的:place to place

33

peripheral

外围的:boundary or periphery;辅助性的:supply

34

perish

死亡,消亡:cease to exist

35

permanent

永恒的:continuing or enduring, forever

36

permeable

可渗透的:penetrated

37

pernicious

有害的:injurious

38

peroration

(演讲的)结束语:concluding part;(正式的)演讲,致辞:formal discourse

39

perpetual

永恒的,不断的:continuing forever

40

persecute

迫害,折磨:cause suffering

41

persevere

坚持不懈,不屈不挠:persist

42

persiflage

打趣:teasing

43

persistence

坚持,持续:lasting existence

44

personable

风度翩翩的,吸引人的:attractive

45

perspicacious

极敏锐的,有洞察力的:penetrating mental discernment

46

perspicuity

清晰明了的:clearness and lucidity

47

pertain

有关联的:have a relation

48

pertinacious

顽固的,固执地坚持的:sticking

49

pertinent

相关的,恰当的:relevance

50

perturb

使扰乱,使烦躁不安:trouble the mind

51

peruse

细读:examine with great care

52

pervade

弥漫,充满:throughout

53

pessimistic

悲观的:take the gloomiest possible view

54

petition

请愿,正式的申请,申请书:supplication or request;(尤指正式地)请求:,make a request

55

petrify

使僵化,使失去活力:become stiff

56

petty

细微的,不重要的:small importance

57

phenomenal

不寻常的,非凡的:out of the ordinary

58

philanthropic

博爱的,为他人着想的:welfare of others

59

philistine

市侩(注重物质而鄙视智慧或艺术的人):guided by materialism

60

phlegmatic

冷静的,无感情的,淡漠的:calm, sluggish temperament

61

piddling

微不足道的:trifling or trivial

62

piebald

杂色的:different colors;混合的,杂糅而成的:different sorts

63

pigment

颜料:color;给…上颜色:color

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pilfer

偷窃:steal

65

pillar

柱子:support;(物质、精神等方面的)支柱:support

66

pillory

当众嘲弄:public contempt

67

pilot

领航员,飞行员:steer a ship;初步性的,试验性的:tentative model;带领通过:lead

68

pine

渴望,奢望:yearn;因渴望而憔悴:lose vigor

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pinnacle

顶峰:highest point

70

pinpoint

非常精确的:extreme precision;精确定位或确认:identify with precision

71

piquant

辛辣开胃的:pungent taste;令人振奋的:provocative

72

pique

使愤怒:arouse anger;激起,刺激:excite or arouse

73

pirate

盗版,盗用:without actual right;海岛:robber seas

74

pithy

精练的,简洁的:brief

75

pitiless

没有同情心的:devoid of pity

76

pittance

少量津贴:small portion

77

placate

(通过让步以)平息抚慰:lessen the anger

78

placebo

安慰性的事物:used to appease or reassure

79

plagiarize

剽窃,抄袭:steal ideas

80

plangent

轰鸣的:loud sound;凄凉的,哀伤的:plaintive

81

plastic

可塑的:modified;虚假的,做作的:lacking in natural

82

plateau

高原:raised above;稳定时期,平台期:stable level

83

platitude

陈词滥调:banal statement;缺乏原创性:lack of originality

84

plausible

看似有理的:superficially reasonable

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pleat

打褶:fold

86

plentitude

大量:ample amount

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plethora

过量,过剩:excess

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pliable

易弯曲的,柔软的:supple;易受影响的,温顺的:easily influenced

89

pliant

易弯曲的:easily bent;顺从的:yielding

90

plight

困境:unfortunate

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plod

沉重缓慢地走:walk heavily

92

pluck

敢于面对困难的勇气:courage;弹奏(弦乐):strings pulling releasing

93

plumb

测深度:measure the depth;垂直的:vertical;仔细深入地检查;探索,探究:examine deeply

94

plummet

突然下降:decline suddenly

95

plump

丰满的:well-around;鼎力支持,赞不绝口:give full support

96

plunge

突然下降:descend suddenly;插入,刺入:penetrate

97

polarize

使分开对立,使两极分化:break into opposing

98

polemic

争执:argument

99

polished

有教养的:high degree of refinement;擦亮的:shiny

100

politic

精明能干的:shrewdness;合时宜的,明智的:suitable

101

pompous

浮夸的:ornate;傲慢的:self-importance