List 30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List 30 Deck (100):
2

heckle

起哄,使难堪:harass

3

hierarchical

分等级的,等级制的:classified

4

hobble

跛行,蹒跚而行:haltingly or with difficulty;阻碍,妨碍:hamper the action

5

humdrum

千篇一律,单调:lack of variety;无聊的,乏味的:lacking excitement

6

humiliate

羞辱,使丧失尊严:to a lower position

7

hypothetical

假设,前提条件:starting point;假定的:assumption speculation

8

idiosyncrasy

独特而奇怪的习惯:odd or peculiar habit

9

idle

闲置的,未使用的:not turned to use;懒散的:lazy;懒散度日,无所事事:without working

10

ill-bred

没有教养的,没有礼貌的:impolite

11

illustrious

著名的,杰出的:distinguished

12

imperishable

不能被摧毁的:impossible to destroy;不朽的,永恒的:occurring forever

13

implicit

不言而喻的,心照不宣的:understood though unexpressed;无疑问的,无保留的:without doubt

14

impostor*

冒名顶替者,骗子:assumes false identity

15

impunity

免责,免受处罚:freedom from punishment

16

incentive

刺激,诱因:incites

17

incumbent

义不容辞的,必须的:obligation duty

18

indecorous

不合礼节的,不得体的:conflicting with accepted standards

19

infraction

违背,违反:failure to uphold the requirements

20

justify

证明...的合理性,为...辩解:prove to be just, right

21

lag

最终的,最后的:following all others;缓慢行走:slowness;萎靡,失去活力:lose bodily strength

22

lance

长矛,标枪:long straight handle and sharp head or blade;刺穿,刺破:penetrate

23

lax

松弛的,不紧的,不严格的:not tense, firm, or rigid;懈怠的,漫不经心的:failing to give proper care

24

license

许可,认可:approval;自由:move freely;放荡:disregard for standards;准许,授权使用:permit or authorize

25

lionize

追捧,把...捧为名人:celebrity

26

ludicrous

荒唐的,可笑的:derisive laughter

27

luminous

发光的,有光泽的:emitting or reflecting light;杰出的:standing above

28

lurid

恐怖的:令人反感的:causing revulsion;面色苍白的,病态的:pale in appearance

29

machination

轨迹:scheming or crafty action

30

madcap

热爱冒险的人:seeks our very dangerous or foolhardy adventures;大胆的,鲁莽的:foolishly adventurous or bold

31

magnitude

重要,重大:greatness in significance;巨大:greatness in size

32

malevolent

恶意的,恶毒的:vicious ill will, spite,hatred

33

malignant

恶毒的,邪恶的:desire to cause someone pain

34

maneuver

巧妙地操纵:guide with adroitness and design

35

marginal

边缘的:near a border;不重要的:not of central importance

36

meditate

思索,沉思:focus

37

menial

仆人,奴仆:servant;卑贱的,低下的:spirit of humility or unseemly submissiveness

38

meretricious

艳俗的,俗气的:vulgar manner

39

milieu

环境,氛围:physical or social setting

40

military

军事的,军用的:soldiers, arms, or war

41

misapprehension

错误的理解、判断:failure to understand;wrong judgment

42

monarch

君主,帝王:rules;巨头,大亨:person of rank, power, or influence

43

monopolize

垄断,主宰:complete control

44

nirvana

彻底放松的状态:disregardful or unconscious;天堂,极乐世界:utter perfection and happiness

45

nostalgia

思乡之情:homesick;怀旧,怀念:sentimental yearning for return

46

notoriety

(尤指因为丑闻而出名的)名人:widely known something bad;坏名声:ill fame

47

nourish

养育,培养:provide with food;培养,促进:help with growth

48

novice

新手,初学者:new

49

nullification

(尤指法律条文等正式的)废除,废弃:doing away

50

numb

失去感觉的:devoid of sensation;麻木的,无感情的:devoid of emotion

51

oaf

愚蠢的人:stupid person

52

observant

警惕的,警觉的:paying close attention;严格遵守(规章、制度或原则)的:observing

53

obsolete

过时的,被淘汰的:no longer useful

54

onset

攻击,进攻:attack, assault;起始,开始:begins

55

ordeal

严峻的考验:severe trial

56

ostensible

表面上的,佯装的:appearing to be true

57

outgrowth

结果,后果:traceable to a cause

58

outmoded

过时的,废弃的:no longer usable

59

override

不顾:set aside

60

overshadow

使变黯淡:make dark, dim;(在重要性上)超越,超过:exceed in importance

61

overwhelm

淹没:cover;(感情上、精神上)使无所适从,使难以忍受:subject to mental stress

62

overwrought

十分激动的,非常不安的:agitation;(装饰、文风等)过分华丽的:excessively decorated

63

palaver

对话,交流:exchange of views;闲聊:profusely or idly

64

palpitation

(有节奏的)舒张收缩:expanding and contracting

65

panacea

万能药,万灵药:remedy for all ills

66

peculiarity

特征,特点:distinguishing characteristic

67

pedagogical

教学的;教师的:teacher or education

68

peel

剥去...的皮:strip off;脱去(衣服等):take off clothes

69

perceptive

敏锐的:sense slight differences;洞察力强的:deep understanding

70

perilous

危险的:potential loss or injury

71

perquisite

额外的好处:given in addition

72

petulant

易怒的,爱发脾气的:easily irritated

73

pioneer

扩荒者,先驱者:first to settle;最初的,最早的:coming before;开创,创造:open up

74

pious

(信仰上)虔诚的:devotion to divine worship;忠诚的:firm in one's allegiance

75

pitfall

陷阱:capture and hold animals;(不易察觉的)危害:hidden danger

76

pivotal

最关键的,最为重要的:greatest possible importance

77

placid

宁静的,风平浪静的:free from storms;冷静的,淡定的:free from agitation

78

playful

爱开玩笑的,好打闹的:joking or teasing

79

plebeian

平民的,社会下层:low social or economic rank

80

plentitude*

丰富,充沛:more than sufficient;大量:considerable amount

81

plodder

行走缓慢的人:moves slowly

82

plush

(味道等)浓郁的:abundance quality;奢华的,豪华的:notably luxurious

83

poach

水煮:cook in a liquid

84

pointer

(仪表上的)指针:scale indicator;忠告,建议:suggestion or hint

85

pragmatic

实用主义的,务实的:practical approach

86

premeditate*

预谋:think about beforehand

87

prerequisite

先决条件,前提:necessary to an end

88

prerogative

特权,权力:right, power, privilege

89

proclaim

宣告,使...公之于众:declare publicly

90

project

方案,计划:specific plan;凸出:extend outward;预测,预计:based on present data or trends

91

proprietary

所有权:ownership;私营的:privately owned

92

prototype

原型:original model

93

rampant

(植物)生长茂盛的:growing thickly;猖獗的,不受限制的:occurring without restraint

94

ravenous

食量大的,贪食的;贪婪的:huge appetite

95

redeem

实践,履行(诺言等):required;改过自新:make better

96

refreshing

令人身心振奋的,提神的:renewing effect

97

remnant

残余,剩余物:left over

98

renege

放弃,摒弃:formally reject

99

replenish

补充:fill again

100

replicate

复制,复刻:make an exact likeness;重复,反复:do again

101

residual

剩余的,残存的:residue