Flashcards in Listening focus, unit 1 Deck (31)
a plan, idea, or method that f_ _ _ _ _ _ e is possible and is likely to work SYN possible
fea‧si‧ble / ˈfiːzəb ə l, ˈfiːzɪb ə l / adjective
a feasible solution
economically/technically/politically etc feasible
It was no longer financially feasible to keep the community centre open.
— feasibly adverb
— feasibility / ˌfiːzəˈbɪləti, ˌfiːzɪˈbɪləti / noun [ uncountable ] :
a feasibility study
1 [ transitive ] to gradually make something smaller by taking parts away
to whit‧tle down / ˈwɪtl / phrasal verb
We need to whittle down the list of guests for the party.
frightening in a way that makes you feel less confident
daunt‧ing / ˈdɔːntɪŋ $ ˈdɒːn- / adjective
The trip seemed rather daunting for a young girl.
He’s got the daunting task of following in Ferguson’s footsteps.
the daunting prospect of asking for a loan
to give something to someone else, although you do not want to
to part with something
I’m reluctant (neokhochyy) to part with any of the kittens, but we need the money.
1 an advantage or profit that you get as a result of doing something
a pay‧off / ˈpeɪɒf $ -ɒːf / noun [ countable ]
With electric cars there is a big environmental payoff.
a large number of things that are scattered (rozkydani) somewhere in an untidy way SYN junk
clutter noun [ singular, uncountable ]
the clutter of soaps, shampoos, and towels in the bathroom
Could you get rid of some of that clutter in your bedroom?
1 to surround someone or something closely
2 to make someone feel that they are not free to do what they want to do
hem somebody/something ↔ in phrasal verb
1 They were hemmed in on all sides by the soldiers and the dogs.
The market place is hemmed in by shops and banks.
2 They hem in the child with endless rules and restrictions.
1 nervous and worried
edg‧y / ˈedʒi / adjective
She’s been edgy lately, waiting for the test results.
if something such as a door, wooden floor, old bed, or stair c_ _ _ _ s, it makes a long high noise when someone opens it, walks on it, sits on it etc
creak / kriːk / verb [ intransitive ]
The floorboards creaked as she walked across the room.
The door creaked open.
1 [ intransitive ] to make a long deep sound because you are in pain, upset, or disappointed, or because something is very enjoyable SYN moan
to groan / ɡrəʊn $ ɡroʊn / verb
The kids all groaned when I switched off the TV.
As she kissed him, Gary groaned with pleasure.
Richard’s jokes make you groan rather than laugh.
1 a long deep sound that you make when you are in pain or do not want to do something SYN moan
groan noun [ countable ]
Casey let out a groan of protest.
one of the large sloping pieces of wood that form the structure of a roof
a raf‧ter / ˈrɑːftə $ ˈræftər / noun [ countable usually plural ]
The club was packed to the rafters (= very full ) .
1 to wait somewhere quietly and secretly, usually because you are going to do something wrong
to lurk / lɜːk $ lɜːrk / verb [ intransitive ]
lurk in/behind/beneath/around etc
She didn’t see the figure lurking behind the bushes.
1 British English too small and not very pleasant or comfortable
pok‧y , pokey / ˈpəʊki $ ˈpoʊ- / adjective informal
The whole family was crammed into two poky little rooms.
1 [ countable ] a long low piece of furniture usually in a DINING ROOM , used for storing plates, glasses etc
side‧board / ˈsaɪdbɔːd $ -bɔːrd / noun
1 the process of keeping or putting something in a special place while it is not being used
2 when you pay to keep furniture or other goods in a special place until you need to use them
stor‧age W3 / ˈstɔːrɪdʒ / noun [ uncountable ]
1 the storage of radioactive material
storage space/capacity (= space etc for keeping things in )
They moved to a house with lots of storage space.
2 in storage
I put some of my things in storage.
if you know, feel, or believe something in your h_ _ _ t, you are secretly sure about it although you may not admit it
hlyboko v serci
in your heart (of hearts)
In her heart she knew she would never go.
Deep in his heart , he wanted Laura back.
1 to give an acceptable explanation for something that other people think is unreasonable
2 to be a good and acceptable reason for something
vypravdaty (diyi, vchynok)
/ ˈdʒʌstəfaɪ, ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ / verb ( past tense and past participle justified , present participle justifying , third person singular justifies ) [ transitive ]
1 Ministers must appear before Parliament and justify their actions.
justify doing something
How can we justify spending so much money on arms?
justify yourself (= prove that what you are doing is reasonable )
I don’t have to justify myself to you or anyone else.
2 Nothing justifies murdering another human being.
1 [ uncountable and countable ] the amount of money that you spend on something
ex‧pense / ɪkˈspens / noun
He borrowed £150,000 and used the money for legal expenses.
Conference rooms were equipped at great expense.
1 to make someone feel annoyed or upset
get to somebody/something phrasal verb informal
I’m under a lot of pressure at work, and sometimes it gets to me a bit.
Don’t let things get to you.
1 VARIETY OF THINGS/PEOPLE [ countable usually singular ] a number of people or things that are all different, but are all of the same general type
2 LIMITS [ countable ] the limits within which amounts, quantities, ages etc vary
range /reɪndʒ / noun
1 range of
a range of services
The drug is effective against a range of bacteria.
wide/broad/whole/full range of something
students from a wide range of backgrounds
advice on a whole range of subjects
narrow/limited range of something
A fairly narrow range of people are responsible for key decisions.
2 age/price/temperature etc range
toys suitable for children in the pre-school age range
a temperature range of 72–85º,
in/within a ... range
Your blood pressure’s well within the normal range.
in the range (of) something to something
a salary in the range of $25,000 to $30,000
Even the cheapest property was out of our price range (= too expensive for us )
a small room or area where you can prepare and eat food, especially in an office or flat
a small kitchen
kitch‧en‧ette / kɪtʃənet, kɪtʃɪnet / noun [ countable ]
to have a lot of things to choose from
to be spoilt for choice
Consumers these days are spoilt for choice British English
po vidnoshennyu do
in terms of
1 informal to spend a lot of time in a particular place or with particular people
бовтатися z kymos
zavysaty z kymos
to hang out phrasal verb
hang out with
I don’t really know who she hangs out with.
Where do the youngsters hang out?
to get as much advantage as you can from a situation while you are able to
otrymaty yaknaybilshe vid chohos
to make the most of something
We’ve only got one day in Paris, so we’d better make the most of it.
2 almost not SYN hardly
bare‧ly / ˈbeəli $ ˈberli / adverb
She was barely aware of his presence.
Joe and his brother are barely on speaking terms.
1 [ singular, uncountable ] a larger amount of something than is allowed or needed
ex‧cess / ɪkses, ekses / noun
After you apply the oil, wait 20 minutes before wiping off any excess.
It was an excess of enthusiasm that caused the problem.
formal nearness in distance or time
prox‧im‧i‧ty / prɒksɪməti, prɒksɪmɪti $ prɑk- / noun [ uncountable ]
We chose the house for its proximity to the school.
the proximity of the Bahamas to the States
Here the rich and the poor live in close proximity (= very near to each other ) .