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Flashcards in Listening focus, unit 1 Deck (31)
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1

adjective
a plan, idea, or method that f_ _ _ _ _ _ e is possible and is likely to work SYN possible

здійсненний

fea‧si‧ble / ˈfiːzəb ə l, ˈfiːzɪb ə l / adjective

a feasible solution

economically/technically/politically etc feasible

It was no longer financially feasible to keep the community centre open.

— feasibly adverb
— feasibility / ˌfiːzəˈbɪləti, ˌfiːzɪˈbɪləti / noun [ uncountable ] :
a feasibility study

2

phrasal verb
1 [ transitive ] to gradually make something smaller by taking parts away

сточити
zmenshyty

to whit‧tle down / ˈwɪtl / phrasal verb

We need to whittle down the list of guests for the party.

3

adjective
frightening in a way that makes you feel less confident

skladnyy
zbentezhuyuchyy

daunt‧ing / ˈdɔːntɪŋ $ ˈdɒːn- / adjective

The trip seemed rather daunting for a young girl.

He’s got the daunting task of following in Ferguson’s footsteps.

the daunting prospect of asking for a loan

4

phrasal verb
to give something to someone else, although you do not want to

розлучатися з

to part with something
phrasal verb

I’m reluctant (neokhochyy) to part with any of the kittens, but we need the money.

5

noun countable
1 an advantage or profit that you get as a result of doing something

vidplata
viddacha
rozplata

a pay‧off / ˈpeɪɒf $ -ɒːf / noun [ countable ]

With electric cars there is a big environmental payoff.

6

noun
a large number of things that are scattered (rozkydani) somewhere in an untidy way SYN junk

nepotrib
bezladdya

clutter noun [ singular, uncountable ]

clutter of
the clutter of soaps, shampoos, and towels in the bathroom

Could you get rid of some of that clutter in your bedroom?

7

phrasal verb

1 to surround someone or something closely

2 to make someone feel that they are not free to do what they want to do

otochyty

hem somebody/something ↔ in phrasal verb

1 They were hemmed in on all sides by the soldiers and the dogs.

The market place is hemmed in by shops and banks.

2 They hem in the child with endless rules and restrictions.

8

adjective
1 nervous and worried

rozdratovanyy

edg‧y / ˈedʒi / adjective

She’s been edgy lately, waiting for the test results.

9

verb
if something such as a door, wooden floor, old bed, or stair c_ _ _ _ s, it makes a long high noise when someone opens it, walks on it, sits on it etc

skrypity

creak / kriːk / verb [ intransitive ]

The floorboards creaked as she walked across the room.
The door creaked open.

10

noun countable

skryp

a creak

11

verb
1 [ intransitive ] to make a long deep sound because you are in pain, upset, or disappointed, or because something is very enjoyable SYN moan

stohnaty

to groan / ɡrəʊn $ ɡroʊn / verb

The kids all groaned when I switched off the TV.

groan with
As she kissed him, Gary groaned with pleasure.
Richard’s jokes make you groan rather than laugh.

12

noun
1 a long deep sound that you make when you are in pain or do not want to do something SYN moan

stohin

groan noun [ countable ]

Casey let out a groan of protest.

13

noun countable

one of the large sloping pieces of wood that form the structure of a roof

кроква

a raf‧ter / ˈrɑːftə $ ˈræftər / noun [ countable usually plural ]

The club was packed to the rafters (= very full ) .

14

verb
1 to wait somewhere quietly and secretly, usually because you are going to do something wrong

таїтися
chyhaty


to lurk / lɜːk $ lɜːrk / verb [ intransitive ]

lurk in/behind/beneath/around etc

She didn’t see the figure lurking behind the bushes.

15

adjective informal

1 British English too small and not very pleasant or comfortable

tisnyy

pok‧y , pokey / ˈpəʊki $ ˈpoʊ- / adjective informal

The whole family was crammed into two poky little rooms.

16

noun
1 [ countable ] a long low piece of furniture usually in a DINING ROOM , used for storing plates, glasses etc

servant

side‧board / ˈsaɪdbɔːd $ -bɔːrd / noun

17

noun uncountable

1 the process of keeping or putting something in a special place while it is not being used

2 when you pay to keep furniture or other goods in a special place until you need to use them

zberihannya
sklad

stor‧age W3 / ˈstɔːrɪdʒ / noun [ uncountable ]

1 the storage of radioactive material

storage space/capacity (= space etc for keeping things in )
They moved to a house with lots of storage space.

2 in storage
I put some of my things in storage.
storage costs

18

expression
if you know, feel, or believe something in your h_ _ _ t, you are secretly sure about it although you may not admit it

hlyboko v serci

in your heart (of hearts)

In her heart she knew she would never go.
Deep in his heart , he wanted Laura back.

19

verb
1 to give an acceptable explanation for something that other people think is unreasonable

2 to be a good and acceptable reason for something

vypravdaty (diyi, vchynok)
виправдовувати
obgruntovuvaty

to jus‧ti‧fy
/ ˈdʒʌstəfaɪ, ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ / verb ( past tense and past participle justified , present participle justifying , third person singular justifies ) [ transitive ]

1 Ministers must appear before Parliament and justify their actions.

justify doing something
How can we justify spending so much money on arms?

justify yourself (= prove that what you are doing is reasonable )
I don’t have to justify myself to you or anyone else.

2 Nothing justifies murdering another human being.

20

1 [ uncountable and countable ] the amount of money that you spend on something

vytraty
vydatok
kosht
rakhunok

ex‧pense / ɪkˈspens / noun

He borrowed £150,000 and used the money for legal expenses.
Conference rooms were equipped at great expense.

21

phrasal verb
1 to make someone feel annoyed or upset

dostaty kohos

get to somebody/something phrasal verb informal

I’m under a lot of pressure at work, and sometimes it gets to me a bit.
Don’t let things get to you.

22

noun
1 VARIETY OF THINGS/PEOPLE [ countable usually singular ] a number of people or things that are all different, but are all of the same general type

2 LIMITS [ countable ] the limits within which amounts, quantities, ages etc vary


діапазон
ryad
seriya

range /reɪndʒ / noun

1 range of
a range of services

The drug is effective against a range of bacteria.

wide/broad/whole/full range of something

students from a wide range of backgrounds
advice on a whole range of subjects

narrow/limited range of something
A fairly narrow range of people are responsible for key decisions.

2 age/price/temperature etc range
toys suitable for children in the pre-school age range
a temperature range of 72–85º,

in/within a ... range
Your blood pressure’s well within the normal range.

in the range (of) something to something
a salary in the range of $25,000 to $30,000
Even the cheapest property was out of our price range (= too expensive for us )

23

noun countable

a small room or area where you can prepare and eat food, especially in an office or flat

a small kitchen

kitch‧en‧ette / kɪtʃənet, kɪtʃɪnet / noun [ countable ]

24

expression
to have a lot of things to choose from


розпещені вибором

to be spoilt for choice

Consumers these days are spoilt for choice British English

25

shcho stosuyetsya
po vidnoshennyu do

in terms of

26

phrasal verb
1 informal to spend a lot of time in a particular place or with particular people

бовтатися z kymos
zavysaty z kymos

to hang out phrasal verb

hang out with
I don’t really know who she hangs out with.

Where do the youngsters hang out?

27

expression
to get as much advantage as you can from a situation while you are able to

otrymaty yaknaybilshe vid chohos

to make the most of something

We’ve only got one day in Paris, so we’d better make the most of it.

28

2 almost not SYN hardly

bare‧ly / ˈbeəli $ ˈberli / adverb

She was barely aware of his presence.
Joe and his brother are barely on speaking terms.

29

noun
1 [ singular, uncountable ] a larger amount of something than is allowed or needed

nadlyshok

ex‧cess / ɪkses, ekses / noun

After you apply the oil, wait 20 minutes before wiping off any excess.

excess of
It was an excess of enthusiasm that caused the problem.

30

noun uncountable

formal nearness in distance or time

blyzkist

prox‧im‧i‧ty / prɒksɪməti, prɒksɪmɪti $ prɑk- / noun [ uncountable ]

proximity to

We chose the house for its proximity to the school.

proximity of
the proximity of the Bahamas to the States

Here the rich and the poor live in close proximity (= very near to each other ) .

31

verb
1 TRUTH [ transitive ] to state that something is true, even though it has not been proved

zayavlyaty
tverdyty
vymahaty

3 LEGAL RIGHT [ transitive ] to state that you have a right to take or have something that is legally yours

pretenduvaty na shchos

to claim / kleɪm / verb


claim (that)
The product claims that it can make you thin without dieting.

claim responsibility/credit (for something) (= say officially that you are responsible for something that has happened )
The group claimed responsibility for the bombings.
Opposition leaders will claim victory if the turnout is lower than 50%.
claim somebody/something as something
A letter appeared in ‘The Times’ claiming Fleming as the discoverer of penicillin.

2 The majority of those who claim asylum are genuine refugees.
Lost property can be claimed between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.