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Flashcards in Unit 1, page 9, words Deck (21)
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1 [ intransitive and transitive verb ] to complain in a sad annoying voice about something SYN moan

2 [verb intransitive ] to make a long high sound because you are in pain or unhappy

3 [ intransitive ] if a machine w_ _ _ _ s, it makes a continuous high sound

to whine / waɪn / verb

1 Oh Charlotte, please stop whining.

2 He could hear the dog whining behind the door.


1 [ transitive ] to say something in a loud, sad, and complaining way

2 [ intransitive ] to cry out with a long high sound, especially because you are very sad or in pain

3 [ intransitive ] to make a long high sound


to wail / weɪl / verb

1 ‘But what shall I do?’ Bernard wailed.

2 Somewhere behind them a child began to wail.

3 The wind wailed in the chimney.


1 [ verb intransitive ] to make a series of long low sounds, especially a long distance away from you

3 [verb intransitive ] if your stomach r_ _ _ _ _ s, it makes a noise, especially because you are hungry

to rum‧ble / ˈrʌmb ə l / verb

1 We could hear thunder rumbling in the distance.


1 noun
a) your stomach :

b) British English the front part of your body between your chest and your legs SYN abdomen :

2 the middle part of an animal’s body, near its stomach

a bel‧ly 1 / ˈbeli / noun ( plural bellies ) [ countable ]

1 She was lying on her belly.


1 [ uncountable and countable ] the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like

2 [ uncountable ] the way that you notice things with your senses of sight, hearing etc

3 [ uncountable ] the natural ability to understand or notice things quickly


per‧cep‧tion / pəˈsepʃ ə n $ pər- / noun

1 children’s perceptions of the world

2 drugs that alter perception
visual perception

3 Ross shows unusual perception for a boy of his age.


1 full of activity or energy in a way that is exciting and attractive SYN lively

2 a v_ _ _ _ _ t colour is bright and strong

vi‧brant / ˈvaɪbrənt / adjective

1 Hong Kong is a vibrant, fascinating city.
She was sixteen, young and vibrant.

2 a painting full of vibrant reds and blues


1 [ countable ] a continuous noise like the sound of a BEE

2 [ singular ] a lot of activity, noise, and excitement

3 [ singular ] informal a strong feeling of excitement, pleasure, or success, or a similar feeling from drinking alcohol or taking drugs

4 give somebody a b_ _ z informal to telephone someone :

buzz noun

1 buzz of
the buzz of mosquitoes

2 buzz of
the buzz of conversation and laughter

3 Playing well gives me a buzz .
Neil gets a buzz from drinking one beer.

4 I’ll give you a buzz on Monday.


city/town/cave etc d _ _ _ _ _ r a person or animal that lives in a particular place

a dwel‧ler / ˈdwelə $ -ər / noun [ countable]

City dwellers suffer higher pollution levels.


1 [ intransitive ] if a bird or insect c_ _ _ _ s, it makes short high sounds

to chirp / tʃɜːp $ tʃɜːrp / ( also chirrup British English ) verb


1 to breathe in and out making a long sound, especially because you are bored, disappointed, tired etc

2 literary if the wind s_ _ _ s, it makes a long sound like someone s_ _ _ ing

to sigh / saɪ / verb [ intransitive ]

1 ‘Well, there’s nothing we can do about it now,’ she sighed.

sigh heavily/deeply
Frankie stared out of the window and sighed deeply.
sigh with
He sighed with despair at the thought of all the opportunities he had missed.

2 The wind sighed in the trees.


to laugh quickly, quietly, and in a high voice, because something is funny or because you are nervous or embarrassed


to gig‧gle / ˈɡɪɡ ə l / ( past tense and past participle giggled , present participle giggling ) verb [ intransitive ]

If you can’t stop giggling you’ll have to leave the room.


1 [ intransitive ] when a dog b_ _ _ s, it makes a short loud sound or series of sounds

2 ( also b_ _ k out ) [ transitive ] to say something quickly in a loud voice

to bark / bɑːk $ bɑːrk / verb

1 bark at
The dog always barks at strangers.

2 bark at
‘Don’t just stand there, give me a hand,’ she barked at the shop assistant.


1 [ intransitive and transitive ] to hit your hands against each other many times to make a sound that shows your approval, agreement, or enjoyment → applause

2 [ transitive ] if you c_ _ p your hands, you hit your hands together a few times to attract someone’s attention or to show that you are pleased

clap 1 / klæp / verb ( past tense and past participle clapped , present participle clapping )

1 One man began to clap, and others joined in.
The couple were cheered and clapped on their arrival.
The audience clapped politely but without much enthusiasm.

2 Narouz clapped his hands and a servant entered.
Mandy laughed and clapped her hands in delight.


1 to suddenly push air out of your throat with a short sound, often repeatedly

2 to make a sudden sound like someone coughing

cough 1 / kɒf $ kɒːf / verb [ intransitive ]

1 Matthew coughed and cleared his throat.
I think I’m getting a cold or flu – I’ve been coughing and sneezing all day.

2 The engine coughed and spluttered, then stopped altogether.


1 [ intransitive ] to make a long deep sound because you are in pain, upset, or disappointed, or because something is very enjoyable SYN moan

2 [ intransitive and transitive ] to complain about something SYN moan

3 [ transitive ] to make a low deep sound SYN moan

groan 1 / ɡrəʊn $ ɡroʊn / verb

1 The kids all groaned when I switched off the TV.

groan with
As she kissed him, Gary groaned with pleasure.
Richard’s jokes make you groan rather than laugh.

2 I’m tired of him moaning and groaning all the time.
‘It’s too hot!’ he groaned.

3 The old tree groaned in the wind.


1 [ intransitive ] if a cat purrs, it makes a soft low sound in its throat to show that it is pleased

2 [ intransitive ] if the engine of a vehicle or machine p_ _ _ s, it works perfectly and makes a quiet smooth sound

purr / pɜː $ pɜːr / verb

2 The big Bentley purred along the road.


1 [ intransitive ] to make a deep, very loud noise → growl

2 [ intransitive and transitive ] to shout something in a deep powerful voice

rychaty (lev)

roar / rɔː $ rɔːr / verb

1 We heard a lion roar.
The engines roared.

2 ‘Get out of my house!’ he roared.
The crowd roared in delight.




a sin


1 to shake for a short time because you are afraid or cold, or because you think something is very unpleasant

2 if a vehicle or machines s_ _ _ _ _ _s it shakes violently

shud‧der 1 / ˈʃʌdə $ -ər / verb [ intransitive ]

1 Maria shuddered as she stepped outside.

shudder with
I shudder with embarrassment whenever I think about it.

shudder at
She shuddered at the thought that she could have been killed.

2 The car shuddered briefly as its engine died.
The train shuddered to a halt .


1 [ intransitive and transitive ] to speak with difficulty because you cannot stop yourself from repeating the first CONSONANT of some words → stammer :

2 [ intransitive ] if a machine stutters, it keeps making little noises and does not work smoothly

stut‧ter 1 / ˈstʌtə $ -ər / verb

1 ‘I’m D-d-david,’ he stuttered.

2 a refrigerator which stuttered and hummed


1 to shake slightly in a way that you cannot control, especially because you are upset or frightened

2 to shake slightly

to trem‧ble / ˈtremb ə l / verb [ intransitive ]

1 His lip started to tremble and then he started to cry.

tremble with anger/fear etc
Greene was on his feet now, his body trembling with rage.

2 The whole house trembled as the train went by.