Flashcards in Unit 1, page 9, words Deck (21)
1 [ intransitive and transitive verb ] to complain in a sad annoying voice about something SYN moan
2 [verb intransitive ] to make a long high sound because you are in pain or unhappy
3 [ intransitive ] if a machine w_ _ _ _ s, it makes a continuous high sound
to whine / waɪn / verb
1 Oh Charlotte, please stop whining.
2 He could hear the dog whining behind the door.
1 [ transitive ] to say something in a loud, sad, and complaining way
2 [ intransitive ] to cry out with a long high sound, especially because you are very sad or in pain
3 [ intransitive ] to make a long high sound
to wail / weɪl / verb
1 ‘But what shall I do?’ Bernard wailed.
2 Somewhere behind them a child began to wail.
3 The wind wailed in the chimney.
1 [ verb intransitive ] to make a series of long low sounds, especially a long distance away from you
3 [verb intransitive ] if your stomach r_ _ _ _ _ s, it makes a noise, especially because you are hungry
to rum‧ble / ˈrʌmb ə l / verb
1 We could hear thunder rumbling in the distance.
a) your stomach :
b) British English the front part of your body between your chest and your legs SYN abdomen :
2 the middle part of an animal’s body, near its stomach
a bel‧ly 1 / ˈbeli / noun ( plural bellies ) [ countable ]
1 She was lying on her belly.
1 [ uncountable and countable ] the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like
2 [ uncountable ] the way that you notice things with your senses of sight, hearing etc
3 [ uncountable ] the natural ability to understand or notice things quickly
per‧cep‧tion / pəˈsepʃ ə n $ pər- / noun
1 children’s perceptions of the world
2 drugs that alter perception
3 Ross shows unusual perception for a boy of his age.
1 full of activity or energy in a way that is exciting and attractive SYN lively
2 a v_ _ _ _ _ t colour is bright and strong
vi‧brant / ˈvaɪbrənt / adjective
1 Hong Kong is a vibrant, fascinating city.
She was sixteen, young and vibrant.
2 a painting full of vibrant reds and blues
1 [ countable ] a continuous noise like the sound of a BEE
2 [ singular ] a lot of activity, noise, and excitement
3 [ singular ] informal a strong feeling of excitement, pleasure, or success, or a similar feeling from drinking alcohol or taking drugs
4 give somebody a b_ _ z informal to telephone someone :
1 buzz of
the buzz of mosquitoes
2 buzz of
the buzz of conversation and laughter
3 Playing well gives me a buzz .
Neil gets a buzz from drinking one beer.
4 I’ll give you a buzz on Monday.
city/town/cave etc d _ _ _ _ _ r a person or animal that lives in a particular place
a dwel‧ler / ˈdwelə $ -ər / noun [ countable]
City dwellers suffer higher pollution levels.
1 [ intransitive ] if a bird or insect c_ _ _ _ s, it makes short high sounds
to chirp / tʃɜːp $ tʃɜːrp / ( also chirrup British English ) verb
1 to breathe in and out making a long sound, especially because you are bored, disappointed, tired etc
2 literary if the wind s_ _ _ s, it makes a long sound like someone s_ _ _ ing
to sigh / saɪ / verb [ intransitive ]
1 ‘Well, there’s nothing we can do about it now,’ she sighed.
Frankie stared out of the window and sighed deeply.
He sighed with despair at the thought of all the opportunities he had missed.
2 The wind sighed in the trees.
to laugh quickly, quietly, and in a high voice, because something is funny or because you are nervous or embarrassed
to gig‧gle / ˈɡɪɡ ə l / ( past tense and past participle giggled , present participle giggling ) verb [ intransitive ]
If you can’t stop giggling you’ll have to leave the room.
1 [ intransitive ] when a dog b_ _ _ s, it makes a short loud sound or series of sounds
2 ( also b_ _ k out ) [ transitive ] to say something quickly in a loud voice
to bark / bɑːk $ bɑːrk / verb
1 bark at
The dog always barks at strangers.
2 bark at
‘Don’t just stand there, give me a hand,’ she barked at the shop assistant.
1 [ intransitive and transitive ] to hit your hands against each other many times to make a sound that shows your approval, agreement, or enjoyment → applause
2 [ transitive ] if you c_ _ p your hands, you hit your hands together a few times to attract someone’s attention or to show that you are pleased
clap 1 / klæp / verb ( past tense and past participle clapped , present participle clapping )
1 One man began to clap, and others joined in.
The couple were cheered and clapped on their arrival.
The audience clapped politely but without much enthusiasm.
2 Narouz clapped his hands and a servant entered.
Mandy laughed and clapped her hands in delight.
1 to suddenly push air out of your throat with a short sound, often repeatedly
2 to make a sudden sound like someone coughing
cough 1 / kɒf $ kɒːf / verb [ intransitive ]
1 Matthew coughed and cleared his throat.
I think I’m getting a cold or flu – I’ve been coughing and sneezing all day.
2 The engine coughed and spluttered, then stopped altogether.
1 [ intransitive ] to make a long deep sound because you are in pain, upset, or disappointed, or because something is very enjoyable SYN moan
2 [ intransitive and transitive ] to complain about something SYN moan
3 [ transitive ] to make a low deep sound SYN moan
groan 1 / ɡrəʊn $ ɡroʊn / verb
1 The kids all groaned when I switched off the TV.
As she kissed him, Gary groaned with pleasure.
Richard’s jokes make you groan rather than laugh.
2 I’m tired of him moaning and groaning all the time.
‘It’s too hot!’ he groaned.
3 The old tree groaned in the wind.
1 [ intransitive ] if a cat purrs, it makes a soft low sound in its throat to show that it is pleased
2 [ intransitive ] if the engine of a vehicle or machine p_ _ _ s, it works perfectly and makes a quiet smooth sound
purr / pɜː $ pɜːr / verb
2 The big Bentley purred along the road.
1 [ intransitive ] to make a deep, very loud noise → growl
2 [ intransitive and transitive ] to shout something in a deep powerful voice
roar / rɔː $ rɔːr / verb
1 We heard a lion roar.
The engines roared.
2 ‘Get out of my house!’ he roared.
The crowd roared in delight.
1 to shake for a short time because you are afraid or cold, or because you think something is very unpleasant
2 if a vehicle or machines s_ _ _ _ _ _s it shakes violently
shud‧der 1 / ˈʃʌdə $ -ər / verb [ intransitive ]
1 Maria shuddered as she stepped outside.
I shudder with embarrassment whenever I think about it.
She shuddered at the thought that she could have been killed.
2 The car shuddered briefly as its engine died.
The train shuddered to a halt .
1 [ intransitive and transitive ] to speak with difficulty because you cannot stop yourself from repeating the first CONSONANT of some words → stammer :
2 [ intransitive ] if a machine stutters, it keeps making little noises and does not work smoothly
stut‧ter 1 / ˈstʌtə $ -ər / verb
1 ‘I’m D-d-david,’ he stuttered.
2 a refrigerator which stuttered and hummed