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Flashcards in 26.1.16 Deck (14)
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a sin


to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad

zvynuvatyty kohos u chomus

to ac‧cuse / əkjuz / verb [ transitive ]

to accuse sb of sth/doing sth

accuse somebody of (doing) something

He was accused of murder.
Smith accused her of lying.
The professor stands accused of (= has been accused of ) stealing his student’s ideas and publishing them.


1 a o__ -w__ street is one in which vehicles are only allowed to travel in one direction

one-way adjective [ usually before noun ]

the town’s one-way system


spending a lot of time studying and reading

stu‧di‧ous / stjudiəs $ stu- / adjective

a quiet, studious young man

— studiously adverb
— studiousness noun [ uncountable ]



very shocked and upset by something very bad or unpleasant

ap‧palled / əpɔld $ əpɒld / adjective

appalled by
I was appalled by what I saw.

appalled at
He was appalled at how dirty the place was.
When I heard what had happened I was absolutely appalled .


phrasal verb
1 to trust or depend on someone or something to do what you need or expect them to do → reliable , reliance :

2 to depend on something in order to continue to live or exist

to rely on/upon somebody/something phrasal verb

1 I knew I could rely on David.

rely on somebody/something to do something
Many working women rely on relatives to help take care of their children.

rely on/upon somebody/something for
Many people now rely on the Internet for news.

2 For its income, the company relies heavily on only a few contracts.

rely on/upon somebody/something for
They have to rely on the river for their water.


someone or something that is
r_ _ _ _ _ _ e can be trusted or depended on SYN dependable → rely :

re‧li‧a‧ble / rɪlaɪəb ə l / adjective

Miller was a quiet and reliable man.

— reliably adverb
— reliability / rɪlaɪəbɪləti, rɪlaɪəbɪlɪti / noun [ uncountable ]


1 a good and acceptable reason for doing something

2 in j_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ n (of somebody/something)
in order to explain why an idea or action is right


jus‧ti‧fi‧ca‧tion AC / dʒʌstəfəkeɪʃ ə n, dʒʌstɪfəkeɪʃ ə n / noun [ uncountable and countable ]

1 justification for (doing) something

There is no justification for holding her in jail.
Hoggart felt, with some justification , that his colleagues had let him down.

2 He made a speech in justification of his actions.


1 to experience something, especially problems or opposition

2 formal to meet someone without planning to

en‧coun‧ter 1 W3 AC / ɪnkaʊntə $ -ər / verb [ transitive ]

1 encounter problems/difficulties

They encountered serious problems when two members of the expedition were injured.

encounter opposition/resistance
The government has encountered strong opposition to its plans to raise income tax.
The doctor had encountered several similar cases in the past.

In everyday English, people usually say come across problems/difficulties rather than encounter problems/difficulties and come up against opposition/resistance rather than encounter opposition/resistance :
Did you come across any problems?
We came up against quite a lot of opposition from local people.

2 I first encountered him when studying at Cambridge.


noun countable

1 [ countable ] the name of a particular product or of the company that makes it

a make noun

What make is your car?

make of
It’s one of the most popular makes of satellite phone on the market.


1 to put things away and keep them until you need them

2 to keep facts or information in your brain or a computer

to store [ transitive ]

1 store something away/up

Squirrels are storing up nuts for the winter.
Store the beans in an airtight jar.

2 Standard letters can be stored on floppy discs.


Please correct this sentence:
We use our space very good.

We use our space very well.


Please correct this sentence:
There were another people.

There were other people.


What is the difference between other and another?

another + a singular countable noun

other + a plural or uncountable noun