Flashcards in Reading, unit 1 Deck (48)
1 a metal frame with bars across it
if something b_ _ _ _ _ s you, you cannot understand or explain it at all
to baf‧fle / ˈbæf ə l / verb
The question baffled me completely.
— baffled adjective :
We were all utterly baffled.
— baffling adjective :
a baffling mystery
— bafflement noun [ uncountable ]
SYN to to confuse someone
збивати з пантелику
be‧wil‧der / bɪˈwɪldə $ -ər / verb
He was bewildered by his daughter’s reaction.
be‧wil‧dered / bɪˈwɪldəd $ -ərd / adjective
totally confused :
a bewildered expression on his face
adjective tied (зав'язувати) in a knot or in several knots
knot‧ted / ˈnɒtəd, ˈnɒtɪd $ ˈnɑː- / adjective
a knotted handkerchief (носовичок) on his head
knot 2 verb ( past tense and past participle knotted , present participle knotting )
1 [ transitive ] to tie together two ends or pieces of string, rope, cloth etc :
A pretty scarf was loosely knotted around her neck.
to say that someone will definitely do something or must do something
to com‧mit / kəˈmɪt / verb ( past tense and past participle committed , present participle committing )
commit somebody to something
Meeting them doesn’t commit us to anything.
I’d committed myself and there was no turning back.
commit yourself to (doing) something
The banks have committed themselves to boosting profits by slashing costs.
the way in which something such as a town, garden, or building is arranged (розташовані)
a lay‧out / ˈleɪaʊt / noun [ countable ]
the layout of the park
All the flats in the building had the same layout.
a cab / kæb / noun [ countable ]
New York’s yellow cabs
take/get a cab
I took a cab to the airport.
call (somebody) a cab (= telephone for a taxi )
Ralph tried to hail a cab (= wave to get a cab to stop for you ) .
ADJECTIVE having a special quality, character, or appearance that is different and easy to recognize
dis‧tinc‧tive AC / dɪˈstɪŋktɪv / adjective
a rock band with a distinctive sound
— distinctively adverb
— distinctiveness noun [ uncountable ]
something that is very difficult to do, so that someone who does it deserves to be admired (zbozhnyuvaty)
3 no mean feat/achievement/task etc
They sold 1 million cards in the first year of business – no mean feat, given the problems many businesses are facing.
something that is an impressive achievement, because it needs a lot of skill, strength etc to do
a feat / fiːt / noun [ countable ]
remarkable/considerable/incredible etc feat
They climbed the mountain in 28 days, a remarkable feat.
an incredible feat of engineering
perform/accomplish/achieve a feat
the woman who performed the feat of sailing around the world alone
no mean feat (= something that is difficult to do )
It is no mean feat to perform such a difficult piece.
a terrible or painful experience that continues for a period of time
or‧deal / ɔːˈdiːl, ˈɔːdiːl $ ɔːrˈdiːl, ˈɔːrdiːl / noun [ countable ]
He was beginning to wonder if he would survive the ordeal .
Soon the whole terrifying ordeal would be over.
one of the main railway stations in London, which has trains going to southern England
Char‧ing Cross / ˌtʃærɪŋ ˈkrɒs◂ $ -ˈkrɔːs◂ /
1 to suggest that something is true, without saying this directly
мати на увазі
2 if a fact, event etc implies something, it shows that it is likely to be true
to im‧ply W2 AC / ɪmˈplaɪ / verb
1 imply (that)
Cleo blushed. She had not meant to imply that he was lying.
2 imply (that)
The high level of radiation in the rocks implies that they are volcanic in origin.
1 a good knowledge of a particular subject or place
fa‧mil‧i‧ar‧i‧ty / fəˌmɪliˈærəti, fəˌmɪliˈærɪti / noun [ uncountable ]
In fact his familiarity with the Bronx was pretty limited.
1 one of the tubes that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body
2 a main road, railway line, river etc
an ar‧te‧ry / ˈɑːtəri $ ˈɑːr- / noun ( plural arteries ) [ countable ]
1 [ countable ] one of the tubes which carries blood to your heart from other parts of your body
2 [ countable ] one of the thin lines on a leaf or on an insect’s wing
vein / veɪn / noun
1 the pulmonary vein
She felt the blood racing through her veins as they kissed.
the smallest type of BLOOD VESSEL (судно) (= tube carrying blood ) in the body
ca‧pil‧la‧ry / kəˈpɪləri $ ˈkæpəleri / noun ( plural capillaries ) [ countable ]
1 something that is easy to recognize, such as a tall tree or building, and that helps you know where you are
a land‧mark / ˈlændmɑːk $ -mɑːrk / noun [ countable ]
One of Belfast’s most famous landmarks, the Grosvenor Hall, has been demolished.
1 a way from one place to another
2 a way between two places that buses, planes, ships etc regularly travel
a route / ruːt $ ruːt, raʊt / noun [ countable ]
1 route to/from
What’s the best route to Cambridge?
take/follow a route (= use a route )
We weren’t sure about which route we should take.
the most direct route home
2 bus/air/shipping etc route
Is your office on a bus route?
cycle route (= a way between two places that only people on bicycles can use )
to join something to the main supply of electricity, gas, or water, to the telephone network, or to another piece of equipment
to connect something ↔ up phrasal verb
Is the washing machine connected up yet?
connect something ↔ up with
The autopilot can be connected up with the flight recorder.
1 p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ e employee/candidate/buyer etc
someone who is likely to do a particular thing or achieve a particular position
pro‧spec‧tive / prəˈspektɪv / adjective [ only before noun ]
1 spoken, not written
o‧ral / ˈɔːrəl / adjective
an oral agreement
1 [ intransitive and transitive verb ] to say a poem, piece of literature etc that you have learned, for people to listen to
re‧cite / rɪˈsaɪt / verb
She recited a poem that she had learnt at school.
— reciter noun [ countable ]
a) except for SYN apart from
b) in addition to
aside from somebody/something especially American English
a) Aside from Durang’s performance (vystup), the actors are ordinary.
b) In the poetry competition, aside from Hass, are four other entrants (uchasnyk).
2 [ noun uncountable ] the act of looking at something for information
ref‧er‧ence / ˈref ə rəns / noun
for easy/quick reference
A vocabulary index is included for easy reference.
The book will become a standard work of reference (= a book that people look at for information ) .
a place where one road, track etc joins another SYN intersection
a junc‧tion / ˈdʒʌŋkʃ ə n / noun [ countable ]
the junction of Abbot Road and Mill Street
Junction 5 on the M40
1 formal to obtain something by buying it or being given it
2 to get or gain something
3 to gain knowledge or learn a skill
to ac‧quire / əˈkwaɪə $ əˈkwaɪr / verb [ transitive ]
1 Manning hoped to acquire valuable works of art as cheaply as possible.
She has acquired an email address and a site on the WorldWide Web.
2 The college acquired a reputation for very high standards.
In everyday English, people usually say get rather than acquire :
Where did you get that tie?
He soon got a reputation for being unfriendly.
3 He spent years acquiring his skills as a surgeon.
Elsie acquired a good knowledge of Chinese.
if you u_ _ _ _ _ o a change, an unpleasant experience etc, it happens to you or is done to you
to un‧der‧go / ˌʌndəˈɡəʊ $ ˌʌndərˈɡoʊ / verb ( past tense underwent / -ˈwent / , past participle undergone / -ˈɡɒn $ -ˈɡɒːn / ) [ transitive not in passive ]
The country has undergone massive changes recently.
He has been released from prison to undergo medical treatment in the United States.
She has been undergoing tests since Monday.
Teachers should be expected to undergo mid-career training and development.
used to emphasize how small or unimportant something or someone is
mere / mɪə $ mɪr / adjective ( superlative merest ) [ only before noun, no comparative ]
She lost the election by a mere 20 votes.
He’s a mere child.
It can’t be a mere coincidence (spivpadinnya) that they left at the same time.