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1 a metal frame with bars across it


a grid


if something b_ _ _ _ _ s you, you cannot understand or explain it at all


to baf‧fle / ˈbæf ə l / verb

The question baffled me completely.
— baffled adjective :
We were all utterly baffled.
— baffling adjective :
a baffling mystery
— bafflement noun [ uncountable ]


SYN to to confuse someone

збивати з пантелику

be‧wil‧der / bɪˈwɪldə $ -ər / verb

He was bewildered by his daughter’s reaction.

be‧wil‧dered / bɪˈwɪldəd $ -ərd / adjective
totally confused :
a bewildered expression on his face


adjective tied (зав'язувати) in a knot or in several knots


knot‧ted / ˈnɒtəd, ˈnɒtɪd $ ˈnɑː- / adjective

a knotted handkerchief (носовичок) on his head

knot 2 verb ( past tense and past participle knotted , present participle knotting )

1 [ transitive ] to tie together two ends or pieces of string, rope, cloth etc :
A pretty scarf was loosely knotted around her neck.


to say that someone will definitely do something or must do something


to com‧mit / kəˈmɪt / verb ( past tense and past participle committed , present participle committing )

commit somebody to something

Meeting them doesn’t commit us to anything.

commit yourself
I’d committed myself and there was no turning back.

commit yourself to (doing) something
The banks have committed themselves to boosting profits by slashing costs.


the way in which something such as a town, garden, or building is arranged (розташовані)


a lay‧out / ˈleɪaʊt / noun [ countable ]

layout of

the layout of the park
All the flats in the building had the same layout.


a taxi

a cab / kæb / noun [ countable ]

New York’s yellow cabs

take/get a cab

I took a cab to the airport.

call (somebody) a cab (= telephone for a taxi )

Ralph tried to hail a cab (= wave to get a cab to stop for you ) .


ADJECTIVE having a special quality, character, or appearance that is different and easy to recognize


dis‧tinc‧tive AC / dɪˈstɪŋktɪv / adjective

a rock band with a distinctive sound

— distinctively adverb
— distinctiveness noun [ uncountable ]


something that is very difficult to do, so that someone who does it deserves to be admired (zbozhnyuvaty)

velyke dosyahnennya

3 no mean feat/achievement/task etc

They sold 1 million cards in the first year of business – no mean feat, given the problems many businesses are facing.


something that is an impressive achievement, because it needs a lot of skill, strength etc to do

a feat / fiːt / noun [ countable ]

remarkable/considerable/incredible etc feat

They climbed the mountain in 28 days, a remarkable feat.

feat of
an incredible feat of engineering

perform/accomplish/achieve a feat

the woman who performed the feat of sailing around the world alone

no mean feat (= something that is difficult to do )

It is no mean feat to perform such a difficult piece.


a terrible or painful experience that continues for a period of time

важке випробування

or‧deal / ɔːˈdiːl, ˈɔːdiːl $ ɔːrˈdiːl, ˈɔːrdiːl / noun [ countable ]

ordeal of

He was beginning to wonder if he would survive the ordeal .

Soon the whole terrifying ordeal would be over.


one of the main railway stations in London, which has trains going to southern England

Char‧ing Cross / ˌtʃærɪŋ ˈkrɒs◂ $ -ˈkrɔːs◂ /


1 to suggest that something is true, without saying this directly

мати на увазі

2 if a fact, event etc implies something, it shows that it is likely to be true


to im‧ply W2 AC / ɪmˈplaɪ / verb

1 imply (that)
Cleo blushed. She had not meant to imply that he was lying.

2 imply (that)

The high level of radiation in the rocks implies that they are volcanic in origin.


1 a good knowledge of a particular subject or place

добра обізнаність

fa‧mil‧i‧ar‧i‧ty / fəˌmɪliˈærəti, fəˌmɪliˈærɪti / noun [ uncountable ]

familiarity with

In fact his familiarity with the Bronx was pretty limited.


1 one of the tubes that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body

2 a main road, railway line, river etc

an ar‧te‧ry / ˈɑːtəri $ ˈɑːr- / noun ( plural arteries ) [ countable ]


1 [ countable ] one of the tubes which carries blood to your heart from other parts of your body

2 [ countable ] one of the thin lines on a leaf or on an insect’s wing

vein / veɪn / noun

1 the pulmonary vein

She felt the blood racing through her veins as they kissed.


the smallest type of BLOOD VESSEL (судно) (= tube carrying blood ) in the body

ca‧pil‧la‧ry / kəˈpɪləri $ ˈkæpəleri / noun ( plural capillaries ) [ countable ]


1 something that is easy to recognize, such as a tall tree or building, and that helps you know where you are


a land‧mark / ˈlændmɑːk $ -mɑːrk / noun [ countable ]

One of Belfast’s most famous landmarks, the Grosvenor Hall, has been demolished.


1 a way from one place to another

2 a way between two places that buses, planes, ships etc regularly travel


a route / ruːt $ ruːt, raʊt / noun [ countable ]

1 route to/from

What’s the best route to Cambridge?

take/follow a route (= use a route )
We weren’t sure about which route we should take.

the most direct route home

2 bus/air/shipping etc route

Is your office on a bus route?

cycle route (= a way between two places that only people on bicycles can use )


to join something to the main supply of electricity, gas, or water, to the telephone network, or to another piece of equipment


to connect something ↔ up phrasal verb

Is the washing machine connected up yet?

connect something ↔ up with

The autopilot can be connected up with the flight recorder.


1 p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ e employee/candidate/buyer etc

someone who is likely to do a particular thing or achieve a particular position


pro‧spec‧tive / prəˈspektɪv / adjective [ only before noun ]


1 spoken, not written

o‧ral / ˈɔːrəl / adjective

oral history
an oral agreement


1 [ intransitive and transitive verb ] to say a poem, piece of literature etc that you have learned, for people to listen to


re‧cite / rɪˈsaɪt / verb

She recited a poem that she had learnt at school.

— reciter noun [ countable ]


a) except for SYN apart from

b) in addition to


aside from somebody/something especially American English

a) Aside from Durang’s performance (vystup), the actors are ordinary.

b) In the poetry competition, aside from Hass, are four other entrants (uchasnyk).


2 [ noun uncountable ] the act of looking at something for information


ref‧er‧ence / ˈref ə rəns / noun

for easy/quick reference

A vocabulary index is included for easy reference.

The book will become a standard work of reference (= a book that people look at for information ) .


a place where one road, track etc joins another SYN intersection

a junc‧tion / ˈdʒʌŋkʃ ə n / noun [ countable ]

the junction of Abbot Road and Mill Street
Junction 5 on the M40


1 formal to obtain something by buying it or being given it

2 to get or gain something

3 to gain knowledge or learn a skill


to ac‧quire / əˈkwaɪə $ əˈkwaɪr / verb [ transitive ]

1 Manning hoped to acquire valuable works of art as cheaply as possible.

She has acquired an email address and a site on the WorldWide Web.

2 The college acquired a reputation for very high standards.
In everyday English, people usually say get rather than acquire :
Where did you get that tie?
He soon got a reputation for being unfriendly.

3 He spent years acquiring his skills as a surgeon.

Elsie acquired a good knowledge of Chinese.


if you u_ _ _ _ _ o a change, an unpleasant experience etc, it happens to you or is done to you


to un‧der‧go / ˌʌndəˈɡəʊ $ ˌʌndərˈɡoʊ / verb ( past tense underwent / -ˈwent / , past participle undergone / -ˈɡɒn $ -ˈɡɒːn / ) [ transitive not in passive ]

The country has undergone massive changes recently.

He has been released from prison to undergo medical treatment in the United States.

She has been undergoing tests since Monday.

Teachers should be expected to undergo mid-career training and development.


used to emphasize how small or unimportant something or someone is


mere / mɪə $ mɪr / adjective ( superlative merest ) [ only before noun, no comparative ]

She lost the election by a mere 20 votes.

He’s a mere child.

It can’t be a mere coincidence (spivpadinnya) that they left at the same time.


1 [ intransitive and transitive verb ] to show something in a public place so that people can go to see it SYN show :

2 [ transitive ] formal to clearly show a particular quality, emotion, or ability SYN display


to ex‧hib‧it / ɪɡˈzɪbət, ɪɡˈzɪbɪt / verb

Her paintings have been exhibited all over the world.

to exhibit signs /symptoms /behaviour etc
a patient who is exhibiting classic symptoms of mental illness