Literary Devices and Dramatic Devices Flashcards Preview

Level 2: English Exam > Literary Devices and Dramatic Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Literary Devices and Dramatic Devices Deck (60):
1

Allegory

A narrative in which characters and events stand for ideas and actions on another level.

2

Allusion

An incomplete reference to something that those who share our knowledge or background will understand.

3

Ambiguity

The quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.

4

Analogy

Any resemblance, in form or function, between otherwise unlike objects.

5

Anaphora

When two or more lines begin with the same word.

6

Audience

An Audience is the person for whom a writer writes, or composer composes.

7

Ballad

The ballad is a poem that is typically arranged in quatrains with the rhyme scheme ABAB. Ballads are usually narrative, which means they tell a story.

8

Ballad structure

1. An intense and immediate story concerning crucial and popular events
2. An impersonal omniscient narrator relating these events
3. An emotional impact with the climax
4. Language that is plain, vivid and concrete
5. Conversational words of at least one participant that are often quoted exactly
6. Short stanzas throughout
7. Rhythms that are pronounced and regular
8. Rhymes that are pronounced and regular
9. Repetitions of words or phrases, sometimes with variations; this includes alliterations
10. A closing stanza that is often very similar - or connects in some way - to the opening one

9

Protagonist

A protagonist is the main character in any story, such as a literary work or drama.

10

Antagonist

The antagonist is the opposing force in a story. It could be a human enemy, or it could be non-human, like an animal or something less tangible, like fear.

11

Flat character

Do not know much about this character

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Round character

Know a lot about this character

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Static character

Does not change throughout the story

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Dynamic character

Changes throughout the story

15

Foil character

In fiction, a foil is a character who contrasts with another character - usually the protagonist— to highlight particular qualities of the other character.

16

Connotation

Connotation refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly.

17

Denotation

Denotation refers to the literal, dictionary definition of a word.

18

Flashback

An interruption of the chronological sequence (as of a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence.

19

Foreshadowing

Foreshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story.

20

Foot

A unit whose repetition makes up any rhythm.

21

Meter

Meter is a unit of rhythm in poetry, the pattern of the beats.

22

Iambus

ᴗ -

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Anapest

ᴗ ᴗ -

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Trochee

- ᴗ

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Dactyl

- ᴗ ᴗ

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Trimeter

Trimeter is a poetic device that is defined as a meter or a line that consists of three iambic feet.

27

Tetrameter

When four beats are placed together in a line of poetry, it is called tetrameter.

28

Stressed and unstressed syllables

Stressed: /
Unstressed: ᴗ

29

Hyperbole

A kind of overstatement. An over exaggeration.

30

Image

A piece of news from the world outside or from our own bodies which is brought into the light of consciousness through one of the senses.

31

Concrete Image

An image that has a physical substance.

32

Abstract Image

An image that lacks physical substance.

33

Types of Imagery

- Visual
- Auditory
- Tactile
- Olfactory
- Gustatory

34

Irony

The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

35

Dramatic

When a result is the contrary of what was intended.

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Verbal

Words with a double meaning.

37

Situational

Situational irony is a literary device that you can easily identify in literary works. Simply, it occurs when incongruity appears between expectations of something to happen, and what actually happens instead.

38

Metaphor

The transfer to one thing the identity of something else that we associate with it.

39

Metonymy

Referring to an object associated to a person or being to refer to them.

40

Synecdoche

Referring to a part of an object, generally a body, but meaning the whole.

41

Synesthesia

The perception or interpretation of the data of one sense in terms of another.

42

Microcosm

A representation of something on a much smaller scale.

43

Mood

In literature, mood is a literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions. Usually, mood is referred to as the atmosphere of a literary piece, as it creates an emotional setting that surrounds the readers.

44

Tone

Tone, in written composition, is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words, or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.

45

Narrative perspective

- First person: Subjective
- Third person limited: Objective
- Third person omniscient: Objective

46

Narrative structure

- Exposition
- Inciting incident
- Rising action
- Complication
- Climax
- Falling action
- Denouement
- Resolution

47

Oxymoron

A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.

48

Personification

Giving an inanimate object animate qualities.

49

Quatrain

A quatrain is a stanza in a poem that has exactly four lines.

50

Couplet

A couplet is a literary device that can be defined as having two successive rhyming lines in a verse, and has the same meter to form a complete thought.

51

Simile

An unusual comparison between two essentially different items specifically stated with the use of ‘like’ or ‘as’.

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Assonance

Assonance is the repetition of a vowel sound or diphthong in non-rhyming words.

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Consonance

Consonance refers to repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.

54

Euphony

Euphony is a sound device consisting of several words that are pleasing to the ear. The sounds made by these words are meant to be soothing rather than harsh or alarming.

55

Cacophony

If we speak literally, cacophony points to a situation in which there is a mixture of harsh and inharmonious sounds.

56

Alliteration

The repetition of a sound at the beginning of a word in a short space.

57

Internal rhyme

In poetry, internal rhyme, or middle rhyme, is rhyme that occurs within a single line of verse, or between internal phrases across multiple lines.

58

End rhyme

End rhyme is defined as when a poem has lines ending with words that sound the same.

59

Rhyming couplet

A rhyming couplet is two line of the same length that rhyme and complete one thought.

60

Refrain

Just like in songs, a refrain in poetry is a regularly recurring phrase or verse, especially at the end of each stanza or division of a poem or song.