Loss of pregnancy and Breast feeding Flashcards Preview

Reproduction > Loss of pregnancy and Breast feeding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Loss of pregnancy and Breast feeding Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

What period is considered the fourth stage of pregnancy?

The first 12 weks after bebe is born

2

What % of women exclusively breastfeed to the 6th moth of their babies life?

15-25%

3

How long should babies be exclusvely breastfed according to the WHO?

6 months

4

How long does the WHO recommend breastfeeding child in conjucion with external sources of nutrients?

24 months

5

What are some diseases that breasstfeeding reduces the risk of?

SIDS, necrotising enterocolitis, diarrhoea, respiratory infections, otitis meda, obesity, diabetes and childhood leukaemia.

6

How can breastfeeding benefit mother?

Breastfeeding also contributes to better health for mothers – longer periods of amenorrhea lead to greater spacing between pregnancies, reduction in the incidence of invasive breast cancer, reduction in ovarian cancer and reduced maternal depression.

7

Whats the % of contraception that breastfeeding provides?

98%

8

How many feeds should a baby recieve through breastfeeding in the first 6-7 months of life?

8-12 feeds per 24 hours

9

How much colustrum can be made per day?

40ml/day

10

What are some benefits of colustrum?

Colonisation of microbiome

Laxative effect to move meconium

11

Where is lactose in breastmilk formed in the mothers body?

Golgi bodies of alveolar cells

12

Where is milk fat synthesised for breastfeeding?

Synthesised in the sER of alveoli cells

13

When is transitional milk produced by the mother?

7-10 days post-partum

14

What percent of mature breast milk is water?

90%

15

What percent of mature breast milk is lactose?

7%

16

What is the energy value of mature breast milk?

65kcal/100ml

17

What is polymastia?

Extra breast abnormality

18

What is polythelia?

Extra nipple abnormality

19

What is mastitis?

inflammation of the breast tissue most commonly by staphylococcus aureus. If left unmanaged and untreated it can progress to a beast abscess

20

What is considered a miscarriage?

A spontaneous loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation or fetal weight less than 400g

21

What percent of preganacies end in miscarriage in australia?

10-20%

22

What is an early miscarriage (aka preclinical or biochemical) and how is it diagnosed?

Occurs prior to ultrasound or histological confirmation of pregnancy but shows elevated hCG in urine analysis

23

What is a clinical miscarriage?

A miscarrriage occuring post confirmation of interuterine pregnancy

24

What is an early clinical miscarriage?

 A clinical miscarriage occuring in weeks 6-12

25

What is a late clinical miscarriage?

A clinical miscarriage occuring in weeks 12-20

 

26

What are pausible reasons for miscarriage?

 Abnormal embryos (structural or chromosomal) 80% of early miscarriages

 Maternal thrombophillic disorder

 Immune dysfunction

 Cervical incompetence

 Infection (chorioamnionitis bacterial infection)

 Luteal phase defect

27

What causes 80% of early clinical miscarriage?

Abnormal embryos

28

What is Fetal Death In Utero?

A death of a fetus >20 weeks gestation.

"a baby who has issued forth from its mother after the 20th week of pregnancy and has not at any time after being completely expelled from its mother’s body breathed or shown any signs of life"

29

What is a neonatal death

 Death of a live-born baby within first 7 days of life.

30

When is a baby considered neonate?

1-28 days of life