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Flashcards in Prostate Development Deck (26)
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1

What are the 4 zones of the prostate?

Central, Peripheral, Transitional, Periurethral

2

What percent of the glandular tissue of the prostate is the central zone?

25%

3

Is the central zone of the prostate at risk of any malignancy or disease? If yes, what?

No, resistant to disease

4

What % of the glandular tissue of the prostate is the peripheral zone?

70%

5

Is the peripheral zone of the prostate at risk of any malignancy or disease? If yes, what?

Yes, most susceptible to prostate carcinoma.

6

What part of the prostate is palpable during a prostate exam?

Peripheral zone

7

What percent of the glandular tissue of the prostate is the transitional zone?

5%

8

Is the transitional zone of the prostate at risk of any malignancy or disease? If yes, what?

Site of prostate benign hyperplasia (PBH), the nodular growth compresses the urethra

9

What types of glands does the periurethral zone of the prostate contain?

Mucosal and submucosal

10

Is the periurethral zone of the prostate at risk of any malignancy or disease? If yes, what?

May undergo pathological growth in later stages, also compresses urethra

11

12

How many tubuloalveolar glands are in the prostate?

30-50

13

What are the 3 concentric layers of tubuloalveolar glands in the prostate?

Mucosal, Submucosal, peripheral

14

What types of epithelium are in the prostate gland?

simple columnar / cuboidal / squamous / pseudostratified epithelium

15

What does the prostate secrete?

secretes clear, alkaline fluid, protecting sperm from vaginal acidity

  • citric acid, calcium, prostaglandins, enzymes
  • prostate specific antigen (PSA) - diagnostic marker for prostate cancer
  • prostate acid phosphatase (PAP) - alternate marker to PSA for Dx cancer
  • fibrinolysin- liquefies semen

16

What percent of semen volume is secreted by the prostate?

30%

17

How many men over 50 show benign or malignant disease of the prostate?

40%

18

How many men will develop prostate cancer?

1/11

19

Is imparied function of prostate or prostatectomy life threatening or detriemetal to fertility?

No

20

When in a mans life is enlargement of the prostate common?

>50yrs

21

What are 3 symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Nocturia (need to void at night)

Dysuria (Urination difficult/pain)

Urgency (sudden desire to void)

22

What are some common treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Androgen reducing compounds (5-alpha reductase inhibitors)

Aromatase inhibitors

23

What is the precurson of the prostate in embryology?

Urogenital sinus

24

Describe the embryological development of the prostate starting at the urogenital sinus.

Urogenital sinus (UGS) is stimulated byt fetal testosteron from the testes

UGS mesenchyme acts on overlying epithelium to stimulate cell proliferation

UGS epithelium forms prostate ductal progenitor, the prostatic buds

Prostatic buds grow into USG mesenchyme

 

25

What % of prostatic branching is complete at the neonatal stage of life?

80%

26

Which hormone may be a potentail growth-inhibitor of the prostate?

Oestrogen