Lower Extremities Flashcards
The pelvis is formed by what 3 components?
-2 hip bones (3 fused bones) and midline sacrum (5 fused bones)
The hip bone is comprised of what 3 bones?
Where do the 3 bones that make up the hip bone unite?
What comprises the sacroiliac joints?
sacrum articulate with ilium of right and left hip bones
What are the 2 knee joints?
tibiofemoral joint and patellofemoral joint
Where is the talocrural joint found?
The internal iliac artery splits into what 3 arterial supplies for the lower extremity?
- superior and inferior gluteal arteries
- obturator artery
What does the external iliac artery descend into?
What is the function of the perforating veins?
shunt blood from superficial to deep veins
Where do the nerves of the lower extremity come from?
lumbar and sacral plexus
Superficial fascia is located between which two layers?
skin and deep fascia
What are the contents of superficial fascia?
fat, cutaneous nerves, superficial veins
Which vein is the largest superficial vein in the lower extremity?
great saphenous vein
What is the term for deep fascia in the thigh?
What is the iliotibial band/tract? (ITB)
thickening of the fascia lata
What is the largest compartment of the thigh?
What is the main source of innervation for the anterior thigh compartment?