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Flashcards in Main Points Deck (164)
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1

- divides the body into right/left halves
- forward/backward movements

sagittal plane

2

- divides the body into front/back halves
- lateral (side) movements

frontal plane

3

- divides the body into superior/inferior halves
- movements parallel to waist line

transverse plane

4

- shortening of the muscle
- serves as motive force

concentric

5

- lengthening the muscle
- serves as resistive force

eccentric

6

- no change in muscle length

isometric

7

apply force during movement

agonist

8

rest during movement

antagonist

9

- decreasing the angle between two bones
- occurs in sagittal plane

flexion

10

- increasing the angle between two bones
- occurs in sagittal plane

extension

11

- moving top of foot towards the shin
- occurs in sagittal plane

dorsiflexion

12

- moving sole of foot downward (pointing toes)
- occurs in sagittal plane

plantarflexion

13

- movement toward the midline
- occurs in frontal plane

adduction

14

- movement away from the midline
- occurs in frontal plane

abduction

15

- moving to a superior position
- occurs in frontal plane

elevation

16

- moving to an inferior position
- occurs in frontal plane

depression

17

- lifting the medial border of the foot (big toe up)
- occurs in frontal plane

inversion

18

- lifting the lateral border of the foot (big toe on floor)
- occurs in frontal plane

eversion

19

- turning about the vertical axis of the bone
- occurs in transverse plane

rotation

20

- rotating the hand and wrist medically (thumb close to the body)
- occurs in transverse plane

pronation

21

- rotating the hand and wrist laterally
- occurs in transverse plane

supination

22

- humerus adducted toward the midline of the body (arm across the front of body)
- occurs in transverse plane

horizontal flexion

23

- return of the humerus from horizontal flexion
- occurs in transverse plane

horizontal extension

24

towards the front

anterior (ventral)

25

towards the back

posterior (dorsal)

26

towards the head

superior

27

away from the head

inferior

28

towards the midline of the body

medial

29

away from the midline of the body

lateral

30

toward the attached end of the limb

proximal